Rabbits in pain may appear apprehensive, anxious, dull, or inactive, assume a hunched appearance, attempt to hide, and squeal or cry. Sometimes, they show aggressive behavior with increased activity and excessive scratching and licking. Reactions to handling are exaggerated, and acute pain might result in vocalization. With abdominal pain, they may show back arching when moving, contraction of the abdominal muscles, and pressing of the abdomen to the ground. The respiratory rate of the animals may increase while they may eat and drink less. As with other species, a general lack of grooming may be associated with pain.