First established in 1958, the Polar Research Board (PRB) promotes excellence in polar science and provides independent scientific guidance to federal agencies and the nation on science issues in the Arctic, the Antarctic, and cold regions in general. The PRB strives to:
- make research in the polar regions more productive and responsive to U.S. needs
- maintain U.S. awareness of and representation in international science programs, and
- enhance understanding of issues in polar regions.
Reports from the PRB have provided independent, objective advice on a wide range of polar science topics. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academy to address a particular statement of task. Committees are balanced to represent various points of view, and committee members are screened for conflict of interest. Committee members serve without pay and deliberate free of outside influence.
The PRB serves as the U.S. National Committee for the Scientific Committee on Antarctic Research (SCAR) of International Council of Scientific Unions (ICSU) and is also the U.S. National Committee for the International Arctic Science Committee (IASC).