The National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine is happy to provide free Arctic photos at the highest resolution to any Arctic Matters conference attendee. They are available with a Creative Commons attribution license, which means that they can be used anytime and only require photo credit (Photo: Christopher Michel). The photos can be downloaded individually or as a group (note the download buttons) here.
As a photographer and explorer, Chris Michel has boldly gone where most haven’t gone before, from Antarctica to the edge of space. As an investor and entrepreneur, Chris has found novel ways to make a difference, including founding Military.com, a portal for military members, and Affinity Labs, which helps firefighters, policemen, nurses, and other niche groups build online communities. Chris also manages Nautilus Ventures, an early-stage venture capital firm he founded in 2008. Chris has served the Academies for more than 10 years, first as a member of the Academies’ Earth and Life Studies Divisional Committee and now as a member of the Academies’ President Circle.
Experience our many exhibits and activities at Arctic Matters Day! Highlights include:
- Frontier Scientists, UAF: Arctic UAVs—an Alaskan Game
- Hands-on Extreme Cold Weather gear and real Arctic lab equipment from the Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS)
- The Nature Conservancy: Alaska ShoreZone: A Photographic Journey along Alaska’s Arctic Coast
- Arctic sea ice extent visualizations from the National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC)
- Sea Level Rise simulation from Climate Central and the Union of Concerned Scientists
- PolarSeeds: Visualization and sonification of data on Greenland ice sheet
- EcoChains: A card game to learn about the Arctic marine foodweb, the role of sea ice, and potential impact of ecosystem changes
Frontier Scientists, UAF Arctic UAVs – An Alaskan Game App
The Arctic Unmanned Aerial Vehicle mobile Game App aims to inspire interest about real science and research opportunities in Alaska. Arctic UAVs is a series of missions abstractly based on real research missions executed by the Alaska ACUASI program. Before, during, or after successfully completing a mission, the player can access links to the FrontierScientists.com website hosting videos with scientists describing the real UAV missions. Expect to Fly in the Aleutian Islands, along the Beaufort Sea Ice, and in Kachemak Bay with Otters. It’s Challenging but Fun!
Arctic Research Consortium of the United States (ARCUS)
Have you ever wondered what it might be like to be at the North Pole? Have you ever wondered what scientists are really like? Are you curious about what it’s like to work or explore the Arctic? Come check out a COOL polar booth! Talk with scientists that work in the Arctic, teachers that have been to the Arctic, and get your photo taken in Extreme Cold Weather gear! Try your hand at being a scientist using REAL lab equipment used in the Arctic. We’ll be there to share our experiences and promote your own discovery about why the Arctic matters to all of us.
What role does sea ice play in the Arctic marine ecosystem, and how do human activities impact the food web? How are glaciers and ice sheets affected by rising temperatures, and why does it matter for coastal communities? Who are the key stakeholders in the region, and how will they respond to new challenges and opportunities? Explore the impacts and implications of climate change in the Arctic using educational games and interactive tools developed by the PoLAR Partnership. Try your hand at EcoChains: Arctic Crisis, a multiplayer card game of strategy and survival in a rapidly warming Arctic. Navigate through changes in land ice and sea levels with Polar Explorer, a map-based data visualization app. And, discover what it takes to strategically manage resources in time of change with the ArcticAnew role play simulation.
The Nature Conservancy: Alaska ShoreZone Partnership
Alaska has more 79,000 km (49,000 miles) of coastline, but these remote regions are not easily visited. Yet accessing our coasts is important for science and for the peoples that have called Alaska home for thousands of years. And when something goes awry in our oceans, the problem often washes up on our shores. The Alaska ShoreZone partnership program is a unique science consortium that has explored the coasts of Alaska to bring the country’s northern reaches up close. Through high resolution images, video, and a rigorous biological and geological database available to the public, the Alaskan coasts, including the Arctic, are a verdant and colorful landscape supporting a vast array of plants, animals and people.
Come by our booth for stunning ShoreZone images from the Arctic regions of Alaska as well as information about the ShoreZone program and database.
National Snow and Ice Data Center (NSIDC): Where was sea ice?
The decline in sea ice extent and the coming “ice free” arctic are often used to illustrate how climate change is changing the world we live in. This display, by commercial concern MasterMaps, builds on NASA and NOAA data products: the Sea Ice Index uses NASA data and algorithms and here gives a monthly view goes back to 1979, while the Multisensor Analyzed Sea Ice Extent (MASIE) gives daily extent from 2006 on. Choose a year or day using a slider, and see the extent of arctic sea ice then.
MASIE benefits from manual (human) analysis done at the Navy/NOAA/Coast Guard National Ice Center in Suitland, MD. Both MASIE and the Sea Ice Index are part of the NOAA National Centers for Environmental Information-sponsored collection at the University of Colorado’s National Snow and Ice Data Center.
BOEM, U.S. Arctic Policy & the Arctic Council: A Nexus
The Bureau of Ocean Energy Management (BOEM) has positioned itself to take an active role in advancing our national Arctic priorities, many of which are also those of the Arctic Council under U.S. Chairmanship. U.S. Arctic policy encompasses many of the Council’s objectives such as protecting the environment and conserving its natural resources; balancing economic development with environmental protection, including cultural values; and increasing our understanding of the Arctic through research and traditional knowledge. These are also BOEM’s Mission.
BOEM’s responsibility includes the stewardship of more than 1 billion acres of the U.S. Outer Continental Shelf offshore Alaska, with potentially substantial energy and mineral resources. Through the adoption of an integrated approach to management and participation in both national and international forums, BOEM’s Vision is to be a valued partner in Pan-Arctic issues addressing scientific and cultural understanding, resource management, and sustainable development. Learn about BOEM Alaska at: http://www.boem.gov/Alaska-Region/.
Union of Concerned Scientists
The Union of Concerned Scientists puts rigorous, independent science to work to solve our planet’s most pressing problems. Sea level rise, partly driven by a warming Arctic, is already affecting our coasts. Cities from New Orleans to Miami to Norfolk are seeing regular flooding from high tides, and are at risk from storm surge riding in on higher seas. Learn more about frontline communities and actions cities and states can take today.
Climate Central: Surging Seas Mapping Choices and Risk Zone Interactive Maps
Warmer temperatures make glaciers and land-based ice sheets melt, and make tidewater glaciers — glaciers that reach the ocean — slide more rapidly into the sea and calve more icebergs. As this land-based ice in the Arctic melts and disintegrates, sea levels rise globally.
Visitors can type in a coastal city or postal code into Surging Seas Mapping Choices and visually compare the long-term sea levels that different emissions and warming scenarios could lock in. In the Surging Seas Risk Zone Map visitors can explore nearer-term inundation risk from sea level rise, tides, storms, and tsunamis up to 30 meters across the world’s coastlines as well as local sea level rise projections at over 1,000 tide gauges on 6 continents. Access Climate Central’s Surging Seas maps, web tools, and reports at sealevel.climatecentral.org.
PolarSeeds: Visualization and sonification of data on Greenland ice sheet loss
During fall of 2011 a group of faculty at the City College of New York from the Science and Art Divisions drafted a concept for a project about communicating results from his research concerning the melting of the Greenland ice sheet through ‘unconventional’ venues, such as Visual Arts and Music. The opportunity to build a team and perform a project came to reality when the City College of New York (CCNY) called for the City SEED call proposal (therefore the name POLARSEEDS). The project culminated in an exhibition in which soundscapes obtained from sounds recorded during fieldwork in Greenland were combined with sonifications of the outputs of a climate model used to study melting in Greenland to generate ambient sounds. Large aerial photos of supraglacial streams and lakes over Greenland were exhibited together with infographics addressing some of the causes and implications of melting. Videos showing either footage of melting features or the impact of albedo on melting (through ad hoc experiments carried out in laboratory and filmed for the exhibit) were also exhibited. Lastly, the visitors had the opportunity to play an interactive web game developed for the project in which they had to balance the amount of clouds, solar radiation, rain and snow to keep the Greenland ice sheet from melting completely and flood New York City.
North Slope Science Initiative
The North Slope Science Initiative was formed in 2001 by a group of federal, state, local and Alaska Native resource managers seeking to better prepare themselves to meet unparalleled challenges and opportunities for partnerships in Alaska’s changing Arctic. The NSSI’s mission is to improve scientific and regulatory understanding of terrestrial, aquatic and marine ecosystems in the context of resource development activities and climate change. Since its formation, the NSSI has helped increase collaboration and coordination among its members and with industry, academia, non-governmental organizations, the public and the whole of the Arctic community. The NSSI provides resource managers with the data and analyses they need to evaluate goals and objectives related to each agency’s mission on the North Slope and adjacent seas. Stop by our table to learn more about NSSI and grab a 2016 calendar (while supplies last!).
Richard B. Alley is the Evan Pugh Professor in the Department of Geosciences, and Earth and Environmental Systems Institute at Pennsylvania State University. Dr. Alley has ranged from Antarctica to Greenland to help learn the history of Earth’s climate, and whether the great ice sheets will fall in the ocean and flood our coasts. With over 260 scientific publications, he has been asked to provide advice to the highest levels of government, and been recognized with numerous awards including election to the US National Academy of Sciences and the Royal Society. He hosted the recent PBS miniseries Earth: The Operators’ Manual, and has been compared to a cross between Woody Allen and Carl Sagan for his enthusiastic efforts to communicate the excitement and importance of the science to everyone.
Jennifer Francis earned a B.S. in Meteorology from San Jose State University in 1988 and a PhD in Atmospheric Sciences from the University of Washington in 1994. She is a Research Professor in the Department of Marine and Coastal Sciences at Rutgers University, where she taught courses in satellite remote sensing and climate-change issues, and also co-founded and co-directed the Rutgers Climate and Environmental Change Initiative. Her research focuses on Arctic climate change and Arctic-global climate linkages. She and her husband circumnavigated the world in a sailboat from 1980-1985, including Cape Horn and the Arctic, during which her interest in weather and the Arctic began.
Jonathan White joined the Consortium for Ocean Leadership in Sep 2015 as the Vice President for Science and Strategy. Prior to this he had a distinguished 32-year career in the U.S. Navy and retired at the rank of Rear Admiral.
White’s passion for the ocean and ocean science began at a very early age as he grew up near Florida’s Gulf coast. He earned a Bachelor of Science degree in Oceanographic Technology from the Florida Institute of Technology in 1981 and holds a master’s degree in Meteorology and Oceanography from the U.S. Naval Postgraduate School. After working at sea as a civilian oceanographer on board a seismic survey vessel, he was commissioned through Navy Officer Candidate School in 1983, and served for as a surface warfare officer for four years.
White joined the Navy’s Oceanography Community in 1987. He had numerous operational assignments at sea and ashore. White commanded the Naval Training Meteorology and Oceanography Facility, Pensacola, Florida, and was the 50th superintendent of the United States Naval Observatory in Washington, DC.
White was selected as a flag officer and honorary chief petty officer in 2009 and served as commander, Naval Meteorology and Oceanography Command. He was promoted to the rank of rear admiral (upper half) in August 2012 as he assumed his duties as the Oceanographer and Navigator, which included duties as director of Task Force Climate Change, and Navy deputy to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration.
Robert Max Holmes is a Senior Scientist at the Woods Hole Research Center. Dr. Holmes is an earth system scientist who studies large rivers and their watersheds and how climate change and other disturbances are impacting the cycles of water and chemicals in the environment. He is particularly interested in the fate of the vast quantities of ancient carbon locked in permafrost in the Arctic, which may be released as permafrost thaws, exacerbating global warming. Dr. Holmes has ongoing projects in the Russian, Canadian, and Alaskan Arctic, and in the tropics in the Amazon and the Congo. He is committed to engaging students in his research projects and to communicating the results and implications of his research to the public and to policy-makers. Dr. Holmes recently served for two years as Program Director for the Arctic System Science Program at the National Science Foundation.
Natalie T. Boelman received a Ph.D. degree in earth and environmental sciences from the Columbia University, New York. She spent one and a half years as a Postdoctoral Scientist at the Carnegie Institution for Science’s Department of Global Ecology, Stanford, CA. Currently, she is an Associate Research Professor at the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory, Columbia University, Palisades, NY. Her lab group studies how Arctic flora and fauna are responding to climate change via field surveys, remote sensing, bioacoustics, and animal tracking techniques. Boelman grew up in Vancouver, Canada, and received her undergraduate degree in physical geography from McGill University, Montreal, PQ.
Gwen Holdmann is the Director of the Alaska Center for Energy and Power (ACEP), which is an applied energy research program based at the University of Alaska Fairbanks focusing on both fossil and renewable/alternative energy technologies. ACEP is a highly interdisciplinary program with over 30 affiliated faculty spanning a wide range of energy-related disciplines.
Prior to joining the University of Alaska, Gwen served as the Vice President of New Development at Chena Hot Springs Resort near Fairbanks. While at Chena, Gwen oversaw the construction of the first geothermal power plant in the state, in addition to numerous other innovative energy projects ranging from hydrogen production to cooling a 10,000ft² ice museum year-round using 150°F hot water.
Gwen moved to Alaska in 1994, shortly after graduating from Bradley University with a degree in Physics and Mechanical Engineering. Gwen is the mother of three children – Leif, Marais, and Lael. She is married to Iditarod and Yukon Quest musher Ken Anderson, and the couple maintain a kennel of about 50 dogs outside of Fairbanks, Alaska. They live off grid in a house they built themselves, and generate their own power through a combination of solar PV, wind, and diesel generator.
Gwen is an Arctic Fulbright scholar and has been the recipient of several awards throughout her career, including an R&D 100 award, Project of the Year from Power Engineering Magazine, the Alaska Top 40 Under 40 Award.
Alyson Azzara is a Senior Maritime Advisor for the U.S. Committee on the Marine Transportation System. She works on issues related to vessel safety, navigation, infrastructure, and environmental stewardship, including Arctic issues. Previously she served as a researcher in the Marine Program of the International Council on Clean Transportation, where she worked on issues related to the air quality and climate impacts of shipping at international, national, and local levels. She has a Ph.D. in marine biology from Texas A&M University.
Mark Brzezinski (US Ambassador to Sweden, 2011- 2015) is Executive Director of the U.S. Government’s Arctic Executive Steering Committee, a White House body that sets priorities across Executive Branch agencies under the National Strategy for the Arctic Region. His appointment is a consequence of the focus on the Arctic by President Obama, who last September became the first U.S. President to visit the Arctic region. Prior to his service as Ambassador, Brzezinski served on the National Security Council staff under President Clinton, first as Director for Russia and Eurasia, and then as Director for the Balkans. He was also a partner at a Washington, DC law firm and is a member of the Council on Foreign Relations.
Scott Doney is a Senior Scientist and Department Chair for Marine Chemistry & Geochemistry at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution. His research interests involve exploring how the global carbon cycle and ocean ecology respond to natural and human-driven climate change, which may act to either damp or accelerate climate trends. A current focus is on ocean acidification due to the invasion into the ocean of carbon dioxide and other chemicals from fossil fuel burning.
Craig Fleener was born in Anchorage and raised in Fort Yukon. He serves as the Arctic Policy Advisor for the Governor of State of Alaska, and as a Major in the Alaska National Guard. Previously he was the Deputy Commissioner and a Division Director with the Alaska Department of Fish & Game. Fleener, a Gwich’in Athabascan, has been involved in efforts to manage biodiversity in the region and to provide a voice for Gwich’in Natives. His experience includes serving as Executive Director of the Council of Athabascan Tribal Governments, and chairing the Gwich’in Council International.
Anne Hollowed is a Senior Scientist with the National Marine Fisheries Service’s Alaska Fisheries Science Center. She studies the effects of climate and ecosystem change on fish and fisheries, and leads the Status of Stocks and Multispecies Assessment program. She was a lead author on the Polar Chapter of Working Group II in the 5th Assessment Report of the IPCC. She has been an active participant in several large research programs including the US GLOBEC Northeast Pacific Program, the Southeast Bering Sea Carrying Capacity Program, the Bering Sea Project, and the ICES/PICES Strategic Initiative on Climate Change Effects on Marine Ecosystems. Anne is an Affiliate Professor with the School of Aquatic and Fisheries Sciences at the University of Washington.
James (Jim) Kendall serves as the Regional Director of BOEM’s Alaska Outer Continental Shelf (OCS) Region. Previously he served in research management positions in BOEM’s Gulf of Mexico and headquarters offices where he was, as is now, in the forefront of the Bureau’s science-informed decision-making processes. He is an active proponent for the better use of Traditional Knowledge in decision-making processes and an advocate of using ocean exploration to support the stewardship of OCS resources. Dr. Kendall has a Ph.D. in oceanography from Texas A&M University and did post-doctoral work in marine biology. He is a graduate of the Federal Executive Institute, and of the Senior Executive Fellows Program of the John F. Kennedy School of Government at Harvard University.
Gregg Treinish founded Adventurers and Scientists for Conservation in 2011, with a passion for both scientific discovery and exploration. National Geographic named Gregg Adventurer of the Year in 2008 when he completed a 7,800-mile trek along the Andes Mountain Range. In 2013 he became a National Geographic Emerging Explorer for his work with ASC. He was also named a Backpacker Magazine “hero,” and one of Men’s Journal’s “50 Most Adventurous Men.” Gregg holds a biology degree from Montana State University and a sociology degree from CU-Boulder.
Fran Ulmer has served as chair of the U.S. Arctic Research Commission since March 2011. The State Department appointed Ms. Ulmer to serve as Special Advisor on Arctic Science and Policy, to help guide their efforts during the U.S. Chairmanship of the Arctic Council. Previously she has served on the National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling, and chancellor of the University of Alaska Anchorage (UAA), and as a Distinguished Visiting Professor of Public Policy and Director of the Institute of Social and Economic Research at UAA. Ms. Ulmer served as an elected official for 18 years as the mayor of Juneau, a state representative, and as Lieutenant Governor of Alaska.
Fran Ulmer, U.S. Arctic Research Commission
Download Ulmer presentation
|Coastal concerns: How will melting polar ice affect global sea level rise?
Richard Alley, Pennsylvania State University
|Crazy weather and a melting Arctic: Are they connected?
Jennifer Francis, Rutgers University
Download Francis presentation
|Panel discussion: Extreme weather impacts on the U.S.
Watch panel video
|Interlude: Gregg Treinish, Adventurers and Scientists for Conservation
|Arctic Flux: Crossing the Boundary between Science and National Security
Jonathan White, Consortium for Ocean Leadership (U.S. Navy ret.)
Download White presentation
|Panel discussion: Implications of the shrinking polar ice cap and the new “Arctic Ocean”
Watch panel video
|Remarks from the U.S. State Department
Julia Gourley, Senior Arctic Official for the U.S
|Amplifying forces: How may permafrost carbon affect the trajectory of climate change?
Max Holmes, Woods Hole Research Center
Download Holmes presentation
|The Living Arctic: How do plants and animals of the tundra respond to and shape global change?
Natalie Boelman, Columbia University
Download Boelman presentation
|Interlude: Chris Michel, Arctic Images
|The Arctic Energy Revolution: How and why your future energy system is being pioneered in the Arctic
Gwen Holdmann, Alaska Center for Energy & Power
Download Holdmann presentation
|Panel discussion: Can the Arctic be a new frontier for sustainable development?
Watch panel video
Ambassador Mark Brzezinski, White House Arctic Executive Steering Committee
Download Brzezinski presentation
Arctic Matters is an initiative by the Academies’ Polar Research Board (PRB) to highlight what science has illuminated about Arctic change and its potential impacts across the globe. The effort is timed with the United States’ two-year chairmanship (April 2015-April 2017) of the Arctic Council, which is a high-level intergovernmental forum that addresses a wide array of issues faced by the eight Arctic nations and the indigenous populations in the region. The vision of the Arctic Matters is to:
- highlight and build upon the relevant NRC body of work;
- illustrate why the changing Arctic matters to us all;
- reach audiences who are not normally engaged in polar science or policy issues;
- provide an opportunity for federal agencies to spotlight their relevant accomplishments and programs; and
- provide an opportunity for international engagement.
Arctic Matters is funded by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the United States Arctic Research Commission; additional sponsorship is being sought (see opportunities here). The initiative began with the release of new educational resources: a booklet, an interactive web tool, and a poster, which are strongly rooted in Academies’ studies. The capstone of the effort is the Arctic Matters Day Symposium to be held on January 14, 2016 in the Academies’ Auditorium in Washington DC. The event is free and open to the public and is intended to improve public understanding of Arctic change its impacts around the globe. A committee of scientists and other experts who have worked extensively on Arctic issues are planning the event.
Arctic Matters Planning Committee
See Planning Committee bios
James W.C. White – (Chair)
University of Colorado Boulder
Geraldine Knatz – (Member)
University of Southern California
Brenda Ekwurzel – (Member)
Union of Concerned Scientists
Walter Meier – (Member)
NASA Goddard Space Flight Center,
Cryospheric Sciences Laboratory
Henry Pollack – (Member)
University of Michigan (Emeritus)
Karen Frey – (Member)
Stephanie Pfirman – (Member)
Barnard College/Columbia University
Geoff Haines-Stiles – (Member)
Passport to Knowledge
Malte Humpert – (Member)
The Arctic Institute
Louis Mead Treadwell – (Member)
Former Lieutenant Governor of Alaska
The National Research Council has issued several reports that address scientific and technical issues related to the Arctic, including those listed below. Collectively, this body of work paints a picture of an Arctic undergoing rapid change, with significant impacts for the region and across the globe.
- Responding to Oil Spills in the U.S. Arctic Marine Environment (OSB/PRB, 2014)
- The Arctic in the Anthropocene: Emerging Research Questions (PRB, 2014)
- Opportunities to Use Remote Sensing in Understanding Permafrost and Related Ecological Characteristics: Report of a Workshop (PRB, 2014)
- Linkages between Arctic Warming and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns: A Workshop (BASC/PRB, 2014)
- Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change: Anticipating Surprises (BASC/PRB/OSB, 2013)
- Seasonal to Decadal Predictions of Arctic Sea Ice (PRB, 2012)
- National Security Implications of Climate Change for U.S. Naval Forces (NSB, 2011)
- Frontiers in Understanding Climate Change and Polar Ecosystems: Summary of a Workshop (PRB, 2011)
- Toward an Integrated Arctic Observing Network (PRB, 2006)
The Academies’ Arctic Matters effort is being supported by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the United States Arctic Research Commission (USARC). We’re still looking for additional sponsors to help make Arctic Matters Day and materials as successful as possible. A partnership with the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine through the Polar Research Board’s Arctic Matters Project will provide visibility opportunities with federal and state policy makers, the embassies and government leaders of the eight Arctic nations, and with an interested general public across the United States and beyond.
Reach of Arctic Matters Communications and Products:
- Email reach through a dedicated Arctic Matters listserv distribution lists, as well as through the Academy’s email channels that reach to more than 200,000+ people;
- Social media outreach to 50,000+ followers of the Academy’s work on Arctic research, climate change, and other environmental issues;
- Arctic Matters booklet distribution through our National Academies Press, at major scientific conferences and at the Arctic Matters Day symposium;
- Nationwide distribution of the Artic Matters poster in the American Geophysical Institute Earth Science Week Teacher Kit;
- Distribution of Arctic Matters module for NOAA’s Science on a Sphere® Explorer Exhibit to the Science on a Sphere network reaching more than 140 national parks and museums around the world;
- Promotion of Arctic Matters educational videos through Academies and partner channels;
- Placement of all Arctic Matters material on Google’s Gooru teacher site.
$10,000 Sponsorship Level
Sponsors at this level will be recognized:
- In pre- and post-event promotional outreach through email and social media;
- At the Arctic Matters event, including signage and programs;
- On the Arctic Matters website and interactive web tool page;
- On future reprints of the Arctic Matters booklets and posters;
- Displayed on the Arctic Matters module for NOAA’s Science on a Sphere® Explorer Exhibit;
- On Arctic Matters educational videos.
$5,000 Sponsorship Level
Sponsors at this level will be recognized:
- In pre- and post-event promotional outreach on email and social media;
- At the Arctic Matters event, including signage and programs;
- On the Arctic Matters website and interactive web tool page.
If you are interested in providing this or any other level of support, including in-kind support, please contact Amanda Staudt at 202-334-1245 or email@example.com or Laurie Geller at 202-334-1518 or LGeller@nas.edu.
Application for Arctic Matters Sponsorship
Let us know how you’d like to get involved! Fill in this form and someone will be in touch with you shortly.