The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine
The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine provides independent, objective advice to improve government decision making and public policy and to increase public understanding in matters involving science, engineering, technology, and health.
Reports from the Academies are unique, authoritative expert evaluations. Each report is produced by a committee of experts selected by the Academies to address a particular statement of task. Committees are balanced to represent various points of view, and committee members are screened for conflict of interest. Committee members serve without pay and deliberate free of outside influence.
Efforts are made to engage the public early on in studies so that all viewpoints are made known to the committee. Watch this website for information about public meetings.
National Academy of Sciences’ Board on Life Sciences
The Board on Life Sciences (BLS) is the major program unit of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine responsible for organizing and overseeing studies on science, technology, education, and policy in the life sciences. BLS maintains expertise in and understanding of the full spectrum of life science disciplines, from molecular genetics to ecology. This enables the Board to deal with issues of both basic science, such as knowledge gaps, research priorities, needed investments, and policy questions that stem from advances in or applications of the basic science.
National Academy of Sciences’ Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment
The Board on Infrastructure and the Constructed Environment (BICE) advises the executive and legislative branches of government, other governmental and private sector organizations, and the general public on questions of technology, science, and public policy applied to:
- the design, construction, operations, maintenance, security, and evaluation of buildings, facilities, and infrastructure systems;
- the relationship between the constructed and natural environments and their interaction with human activities;
- the effects of natural and manmade hazards on constructed facilities and infrastructure
- the interdependencies of infrastructure systems (power, water, transportation, telecommunications, wastewater, buildings) and the potential for cascading failures
National Academy of Engineering
Founded in 1964, the National Academy of Engineering (NAE) is a private, independent, nonprofit institution that provides engineering leadership in service to the nation. The mission of the National Academy of Engineering is to advance the well-being of the nation by promoting a vibrant engineering profession and by marshalling the expertise and insights of eminent engineers to provide independent advice to the federal government on matters involving engineering and technology.
Institute of Medicine
The Institute of Medicine (IOM) is a division of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. Its aim is to help those in government and the private sector make informed health decisions by providing evidence upon which they can rely. Many of the studies that the IOM undertakes are requested by federal agencies and independent organizations; others begin as specific mandates from Congress. While expert, consensus committees are vital to its advisory role, the IOM also convenes a series of forums, roundtables, and standing committees, as well as other activities, to facilitate discussion, discovery, and critical, cross-disciplinary thinking. The IOM collaborates closely with its peer academies and other divisions within the Academies.