The National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine

The “National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine” are the operational units of the National Academy of Sciences, a private, not-for-profit organization that was established by Congress in 1863 to provide independent, objective advice on matters involving science, engineering, technology, and health to improve government decision making and public policy. To develop advice that is scientifically rigorous, the National Academies convene study committees supported by a team of staff members. Over the course of a study, study committees solicit information from experts, examine the scientific literature, and hold discussions around the study topic, ultimately producing a consensus report. Committees are composed to reflect a balance of perspectives, and their members serve without pay.

Learn more about the National Academies


Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources

The Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources (BANR) is the major program unit of the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine responsible for organizing and overseeing studies on agriculture, forestry, fisheries, wildlife, and the use of land, water, and other natural resources.

A variety of problems and causes drive work on the issues in these fields. Often conflicts arise between growing demands for food and resources and the impacts of developing and producing those resources on the natural ecosystem. The need to sustain, restore, and improve the productivity of agriculture for the economic well-being of the nation can also generate vital questions.

The Board is also responsible for planning new studies, conducting oversight on projects carried out by its subsidiary committees, and for serving as a platform for the scientific, practitioner, and policy communities involved in the food, agriculture, and natural resources enterprise to discuss issues of broad importance to the system.


Learn more about the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources and other collaborating boards involved in this study: