Stephen Pacala (NAS) – Chair
Dr. Stephen Pacala is Frederick D. Petrie Professor of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology at Princeton University. Currently, he co-directs Princeton’s Carbon Mitigation Initiative which is a collaboration between Princeton University and British Petroleum to find solutions to the problem of global warming. Dr. Pacala previously acted as the Director of the Princeton Environmental Institute. His research covers a wide variety of ecological and mathematical topics with an emphasis on interactions between greenhouse gases, climate and the biosphere. Dr. Pacala has an undergraduate degree from Dartmouth College in 1978 and a Ph. D. in biology from Stanford University in 1982. He serves on the board of the Environmental Defense Fund. Among his many honors are the David Starr Jordan Prize and the George Mercer Award of the Ecological Society of America. Dr. Pacala is a member of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and the National Academy of Sciences.
Iowa State University
Dr. Mahdi Al-Kaisi is a Professor of soil physics in the Department of Agronomy at Iowa State University. Dr. Al-Kaisi received his M.S. and Ph.D. in soil physics from North Dakota State University in in 1982 and 1986, respectively. Dr. Al-Kaisi has been on the faculty at Iowa State University since 2000 where his research focuses on the effects of cropping and tillage systems, crop residue management, cover crops, and nitrogen application on soil carbon dynamics and sequestration, greenhouse gas emissions, and other ecosystem services. In addition, he studies the interaction effects of agricultural practices and environmental factors such as, weather variability and landscape spatial variability on soil organic carbon sequestration and systems sustainability and productivity. The focus of his research is to develop sustainable management practices that improve soil health, productivity, and environmental services. As a result of his research, he has developed field calculators to assess soil management practices impacts, such as, tillage systems, crop residue, and crop rotation effects on soil sustainability. Also he developed soil carbon index for soils in Iowa.
Mark A. Barteau (NAE)
University of Michigan
Dr. Mark A. Barteau is the Director of the University of Michigan Energy Institute and the inaugural DTE Energy Professor of Advanced Energy Research. He previously served as the Senior Vice Provost for Research and Strategic Initiatives at the University of Delaware. He was elected to the National Academy of Engineering in 2006. Barteau brings extensive experience as a researcher, inventor, academic leader, and consultant for both US and international organizations. His research focuses on chemical reactions at solid surfaces, and their applications in heterogeneous catalysis and energy processes. His research has been funded by the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and NASA. Mark received his Ph. D. and Masters in Chemical Engineering from Stanford University in 1981 and 1977, respectively.
University of Wyoming
Dr. Erica Belmont is currently serving as an Assistant Professor of Mechanical Engineering in the College of Engineering and Applied Science at the University of Wyoming. Dr. Belmont is also the Principal Investigator of the Belmont Energy Research Group. She received her B.S. in Chemical Engineering and M.S. in Mechanical Engineering from Tufts University in Medford, Massachusetts, and her Ph. D. in Mechanical Engineering from the University of Texas at Austin. Her research interests are in combustion, solid fuels (coal, biomass), alternative fuels, renewable energy, and experimentation.
Sally M. Benson
Dr. Sally M. Benson joined Stanford University as a Professor in 2007. She holds three appointments at Stanford: professor of energy resources engineering in the School of Earth, Energy and Environmental Sciences; co-director of the Precourt Institute for Energy, the campus-wide hub of energy research and education; and director of the Global Climate and Energy Project (GCEP). Dr. Benson received a B.S. in geology from Barnard College at Columbia University in 1977, and an M.S. and Ph.D. in materials science and mineral engineering from the University of California, Berkeley in 1988. An internationally recognized scientist, Dr. Benson is responsible for fostering cross-campus collaborations on energy and guiding the growth and development of a diverse research portfolio. Prior to joining Stanford, Dr. Benson was at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Dr. Benson is a groundwater hydrologist and reservoir engineer, and is regarded as a leading authority on carbon capture and storage, and emerging energy technologies. In 2012, she served as a convening lead author of the Global Energy Assessment, a multinational project coordinated by the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis.
Woods Hole Research Center
Dr. Richard Birdsey is a specialist in quantitative methods for large-scale forest inventories and has pioneered development of methods to estimate national carbon budgets for forest lands from forest inventory data. Dr. Birdsey is currently serving as a senior scientist at the Woods Hole Research Center after recently retiring from the United States Forest Service as a “Distinguished Scientist” and was the Program Manager for global change research in the Northern Research Station. Richard was a lead author of two Special Reports for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change. He was a lead author of the first North American “State of the Carbon Cycle” report and is currently a member of the science team guiding the second report. He has contributed to several assessments of climate change in the U.S. He served three years as Chair of the U.S. Government Carbon Cycle Science Steering Group. He has published extensively on forest management and strategies to increase carbon sequestration, and facilitated the development of decision-support tools for policy and management. He was recognized by the U.S. Department of Agriculture as a major contributor to creating a new agricultural commodity – carbon. Dr. Birdsey is a member of a team of scientists developing and implementing the North American Carbon Program, an international effort to improve quantification and understand causes of carbon exchange between land, atmosphere, and oceans. In recent years he has been actively working with Mexico and Canada to improve monitoring, verification, and reporting to support climate change mitigation with an emphasis on Reducing Deforestation and Forest Degradation and promoting sustainable forest management (REDD+) and improving forest management in the 3 countries. He is currently working with the Forest Service National Forest System to implement carbon assessments for all of the U.S. National Forests.
Cyclotron Road/Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory
Dr. Dane Boysen is currently the Chief Technologist for Cyclotron Road, a lab-embedded mentorship program at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory funded by the Advanced Manufacturing Office at the U.S. Department of Energy. Prior to Cyclotron Road, Dr. Boysen was the Executive Director of Research Operations at the Gas Technology Institute (GTI). Before GTI, he served as a Program Director at the Advanced Research Projects Agency-Energy (ARPA-E), where he managed over $100 million over 30 of the nation’s most cutting-edge energy technology research and development projects. Prior to joining ARPA-E, Boysen led an $11 million project to develop liquid metal batteries for grid-scale energy storage under Professor Don Sadoway at MIT. Dane co-founded Superprotonic Inc., a venture capital-backed start-up developing solid acid electrolyte-based fuel cells. Boysen received his M.S. and Ph.D. in Materials Science at the California Institute of Technology in 1999 and 2001, respectively. Dr. Boysen’s research experience includes developing and commercializing hard energy technology.
Jet Propulsion Laboratory
Mr. Riley Duren is Chief Systems Engineer for the Earth Science and Technology Directorate at NASA’s Jet Propulsion Laboratory. He received his BS in electrical engineering from Auburn University in 1992. He has worked at the intersection of engineering and science including seven space missions ranging from earth science to astrophysics. His current portfolio spans JPL’s earth system science enterprise as well as applying the discipline of systems engineering to climate change decision-support. His research includes anthropogenic carbon emissions and working with diverse stakeholders to develop policy-relevant monitoring systems. He is Principal Investigator for five projects involving anthropogenic carbon dioxide and methane emissions. He has also co-led studies on geoengineering research, monitoring, and risk assessment. He is a Visiting Researcher at UCLA’s Joint Institute For Regional Earth System Science and Engineering and serves on the Advisory Board for NYU’s Center for Urban Science and Progress.
University of Georgia
Dr. Charles Hopkinson is a Professor of Marine Sciences at the University of Georgia. Dr. Hopkinson earned both his Ph.D. and M.S. in Marine Science from Louisiana State University in 1979 and 1973, respectively. Dr. Hopkinson served as a Chairman of the Radiation Safety Committee of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts from 1993 until 2008. Charles is currently a member of the American Society of Limnology and Oceanography and the Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation. Dr. Hopkinson’s current research interests are in the biogeochemistry of watersheds, wetlands, estuaries, and continental shelves as well as climate change and land/sea coupling.
Georgia Institute of Technology
Dr. Christopher Jones is a Love Family Professor of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering in the School of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at Georgia Tech. Christopher earned his M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in chemical engineering at the California Institute of Technology in 1997 and 1999, respectively. Dr. Jones was named the Associate Vice President for Research at Georgia Tech in November 2013. In this role, he directs 50% of his time on campus-wide research administration, managing internally funded research programs in coordination with the colleges and with a primary focus on interdisciplinary research efforts, and policy related to research institutes, centers and research core facilities. Dr. Jones directs a research program focused primarily on catalysis and CO2 separation, sequestration and utilization.
Peter Kelemen (NAS)
Dr. Peter Kelemen is Arthur D. Storke Professor and Chair of the Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences at Columbia University. Dr. Kelemen received his Ph.D. and M.S. from the University of Washington in 1987 and 1985, respectively. Dr. Kelemen is a member of the National Academy of Sciences. He is a Fellow of the American Geophysical Union, the Geochemical Society and European Association of Geochemistry, and the Mineralogical Society of America. He is a Research Associate at the American Museum of Natural History, and an Adjunct Scientist at the Woods Hole Oceanographic Institute, where he was a Senior Scientist and Charles Francis Adams Chair until 2004. He has worked on the genesis and evolution of oceanic and continental crust, chemical cycles in subduction zones, and new mechanisms for earthquake initiation. His primary focus is on geologic capture and storage of CO2 (CCS), and reaction-driven cracking processes in natural and engineered settings, with application to CCS, geothermal power generation, hydrocarbon extraction, and in situ mining, and most recently included CO2 capture and storage and mineral carbonation and hydration.
École Polytechnique de Montréal
Dr. Annie Levasseur is the Scientific Coordinator of CIRAIG (International Reference Centre for the Life Cycle of Products, Processes and Services) and Researcher in the Department of Chemical Engineering at Polytechnique Montréal. Dr. Levasseur received her Ph.D. in Chemical Engineering from Polytechnique Montréal in 2011, and is currently the Chair of the UNEP-SETAC LCIA Global Guidance – Global Warming Task Force, a group of international climate and life cycle assessment (LCA) researchers working to develop guidelines for the use of climate metrics in LCA.
Colorado State University
Dr. Keith Paustian is Professor in the Department of Soil and Crop Sciences and Senior Research Scientist at the Natural Resource Ecology Laboratory at Colorado State University. Dr. Paustian received his M.S. in Forest Ecology from Colorado State University in 1980, and his Ph.D. in Systems Ecology and Agroecology from the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences in 1987. Keith served as a Coordinating Lead Author for the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) Greenhouse Gas Inventory Taskforce and has served on numerous other national and international committees involving climate and carbon cycle research. He has previously Co-chaired a Task Force on “Climate Change and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation: Challenges and Opportunities for Agriculture” by the Council on Agricultural Science and Technology (CAST), and was lead author on a Pew Center report on “Agriculture’s Role in Greenhouse Gas Mitigation”. Dr. Paustian’s research interests include soil organic matter dynamics, carbon and nitrogen cycling in cropland and grassland ecosystems, and the evaluation of environmental impacts of agricultural bioenergy production.
Jianwu (Jim) Tang
Marine Biological Laboratory
Dr. Jianwu (Jim) Tang is an Associate Scientist in The Ecosystems Center of the Marine Biological Laboratory in Woods Hole, Massachusetts. Dr. Tang received his Ph. D. in ecosystem sciences from the University of California, Berkeley in 2003. Following his degree program, Dr. Tang was a Research Associate at the University of Minnesota focusing on forest carbon cycles. Dr. Tang is currently serving on the Steering Committee for the Global Science and Data Network for Coastal Blue Carbon, funded by the Carbon Cycle Interagency Working Group (CCIWG), and is a member of the American Geophysical Union and Ecological Society of America. Dr. Tang is currently researching greenhouse gas (CO2, CH4, and N2O) emissions from agro-ecosystems and wetlands and their responses to management and disturbance. The wetland work evaluates the role of “blue carbon” in coastal wetlands and the significance of wetland restoration in carbon sequestration.
Florida International University
Dr. Tiffany Troxler is the Director and Associate Director for Science of the Sea Level Solutions Center. The Center’s work is to advance knowledge, decision making and actions toward mitigating the causes and adapting to the effects of sea-level rise. She is also Research Associate Professor in the Department of Biological Sciences at Florida International University in Miami, Florida. Some of her projects include collaborative research that examines the effects of saltwater inundation on Everglades coastal wetlands, assesses management actions associated with Everglades restoration and advances interdisciplinary urban solutions to sea-level rise. She is also collaborating on the Florida Coastal Everglades Long-Term Ecological Research program. She is co-editor and contributing author on two IPCC methodological reports that guide national greenhouse gas inventories on managed wetlands. Dr. Troxler received her Masters and Ph. D. in Biological Sciences from Florida International University in 2001 and 2005, respectively.
Dr. Michael Wara is an Associate Professor of Law at Stanford University. Dr. Wara received his J. D. from Stanford Law School and his Ph.D. in Ocean Sciences from University of California, Santa Cruz. An expert on energy and environmental law, Michael Wara’s research focuses on climate and electricity policy. Professor Wara’s current scholarship lies at the intersection between environmental law, energy law, international relations, atmospheric science, and technology policy. Dr. Wara joined Stanford Law in 2007 as a research fellow in environmental law and as a lecturer in law. Previously, he was an associate in Holland & Knight’s Government Practice Group, where his practice focused on climate change, land use, and environmental law. Dr. Wara is a research fellow at the Program in Energy and Sustainable Development in Stanford’s Freeman Spogli Institute for International Studies, a Faculty Fellow at the Steyer-Taylor Center for Energy Policy and Finance, and a Center Fellow at the Woods Institute for the Environment.
Colorado School of Mines
Dr. Jennifer Wilcox is an Associate Professor of Chemical and Biological Engineering at the Colorado School of Mines. Dr. Wilcox earned a B.A. in mathematics from Wellesley College and a Ph.D. in chemical engineering from the University of Arizona. Dr. Wilcox received an ARO Young Investigator Award (Membrane Design for Optimal Hydrogen Separation), an ACS PRF Young Investigator Award (Heterogeneous Kinetics of Mercury in Combustion Flue Gas), and an NSF CAREER Award (Arsenic and Selenium Speciation in Combustion Flue Gas). She has served on a number of committees, including the National Academy of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine and the American Physical Society, to assess CO2 capture methods and impacts on climate. Along with her lab, Dr. Wilcox’s research interests combine experimental and theoretical methods to investigate capture and sequestration of trace metals (mercury, arsenic, and selenium) and carbon dioxide.
Determination of an Unavoidable Conflict of Interest: Christopher Jones
In accordance with Section 15 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the “Academy shall make its best efforts to ensure that no individual appointed to serve on [a] committee has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the functions to be performed, unless such conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed and the Academy determines that the conflict is unavoidable.” A conflict of interest refers to an interest, ordinarily financial, of an individual that could be directly affected by the work of the committee. As specified in the Academy’s policy and procedures (http://www.nationalacademies.org/coi/index.html), an objective determination is made for each provisionally appointed committee member whether or not a conflict of interest exists given the facts of the individual’s financial and other interests and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination of a conflict of interest for an individual is not an assessment of that individual’s actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.
We have concluded that for this committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established, its membership must include among others, at least one member who possesses current expertise in the practical application of and experience in developing direct air capture technologies for CO2.
To meet this need for expertise and experience, Christopher Jones is proposed for appointment to the committee even though we have concluded that he has a conflict of interest because of his financial interests in Global Thermostat LLC, a company whose financial interests could be affected by the outcome of the study.
As described in his biographical summary, Dr. Jones is an expert in the separation, sequestration, and utilization of CO2 from both dilute (ambient air) and concentrated (power plant emissions) streams. In particular, he has extensive current experience in catalysts and the design and implementation of amine adsorbent materials for CO2 capture.
We believe that Dr. Jones can serve effectively as a member of the committee and that the committee can produce an objective report, taking into account the composition of the committee, the work to be performed, and the procedures to be followed in completing the work.
After an extensive search, we have been unable to identify another individual with the equivalent combination of current, practical application of CO2 capture technology development and scientific expertise as Dr. Jones who does not have a similar conflict of interest. Therefore, we have concluded that the potential conflict of interest is unavoidable.
Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Katie Thomas is a Senior Program Officer for the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate. She earned an M.S. in Environmental Science and Policy from Johns Hopkins University in 2009 and a B.S. from the University of Michigan in 2004. Since joining the National Academies in 2006, she has directed studies on urban meteorology, Arctic sea ice prediction, permafrost, and extreme event attribution. She is currently directing a study on measuring and monitoring anthropogenic methane emissions. She has also served as the rapporteur for four workshop summaries: Urban Forestry: Toward an Ecosystem Services Research Agenda; Linkages Between Arctic Warming and Mid-Latitude Weather Patterns; Improving the Understanding of Clouds and Aerosols in Climate Models; and Antarctic Sea Ice Variability in the Southern Ocean-Climate System.
Board on Energy and Environmental Systems
Dr. K. John Holmes is the acting director and scholar for the National Academies’ Board on Energy and Environmental Systems. His responsibilities at BEES include study development, management, and directing studies. His current portfolio includes directing a study of the resiliency of the electricity system and co-directing the review of the DOE ARPA-E program and the development of a RD&D agenda for carbon dioxide removal approaches. Other studies directed or co-directed by Dr. Holmes include: Cost, Effectiveness, and Deployment of Fuel Economy Technologies for Light-Duty Vehicles (2015); Overcoming Barriers to Electric Vehicle Deployment (2015); Electricity from Renewables (2009); and State and Federal Standards for Mobile Source Emissions (2006). He also was a member of the NRC’s America’s Energy Future study team. Dr. Holmes has published and presented on a wide range of topics including vehicle technologies and mobile source emissions, renewable electricity, climate change, air quality management, stratospheric ozone depletion, emissions trading, and regulatory computational models. He received a B.S. from Indiana University, M.S.E. from University of Washington, and Ph.D. from The Johns Hopkins University.
Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources
Camilla Ables joined the Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources in March 2008. A native of the Philippines, she obtained her Bachelor of Science degree in Agriculture from the University of the Philippines at Los Baños in 1991 and later on worked as a researcher at the International Rice Research Institute. She attended the University of Florida from 1996-2001 and received a PhD in Plant Pathology. Prior to working at the Academies, Camilla worked as a postdoctoral research associate at Purdue University and at the US Horticultural Research Laboratory of the US Department of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service in Fort Pierce, FL. She has performed research in the areas of weed biological control (discovery and development of bioherbicides), plant disease control, and methyl bromide alternatives. She is a member of the American Phytopathological Society and the Gamma Sigma Delta Honor Society of Agriculture. Camilla has served as study director or as co-study director for the following projects: Letter Report to the Florida Department of Citrus on the Review of Research Proposals on Citrus Greening (2008), Strategic Planning for the Florida Citrus Industry: Addressing Citrus Greening Disease (2010), An Evaluation of the Food Safety Requirements of the Federal Purchase Ground Beef Program (2010), The Potential Consequences of Public Release of Food Safety and Inspection Service Establishment-Specific Data (2011) and Feasibility of Using Mycoherbicides for Controlling Illicit Drug Crops (2011).
Board on Earth Sciences and Resources
Anne M. Linn is a senior program officer with the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources of the National Academies. She has been with the board since 1993, directing the USA World Data Center Coordination Office, and staffing a wide variety of geophysics and data policy studies. In addition, she is the secretary of the ICSU Panel on World Data Centers, and a member of the ICSU Ad Hoc Committee on Data. Prior to joining the staff of the National Academies, Dr. Linn was a visiting scientist at the Carnegie Institution of Washington and a postdoctoral geochemist at the University of California, Berkeley. She received a Ph.D. in geology from the University of California, Los Angeles.
Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology
Dr. Sberegaeva joined the Academies in 2016 as an Associate Program Officer on the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology (BCST). Her expertise is in the area of energy, fuels, and environment. Prior to BCST she was a recipient of the American Society for Engineering Education Fellowship and held a position of a Postdoctoral Research Associate at the Naval Research Laboratory. Anna earned her Ph.D. in Organometallic Chemistry from the University of Maryland College Park and her M.Sc. in Inorganic Chemistry from the University of Florida. Anna earned B.S. in Chemistry and B.A. in Linguistics from the Herzen State Pedagogical University in St. Petersburg, Russia.
Ocean Studies Board
Emily Twigg joined the Ocean Studies Board in October 2016 as an Associate Program Officer. Prior to her time at the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, she held positions at the National Science Foundation and at the Environmental Protection Agency. She has a Master’s degree in Environmental Science and Management from the Bren School at the University of California, Santa Barbara, and a Bachelor’s degree in Biology from the University of California, Berkeley. She has additional experience working in resource management at a national park, and in outdoor environmental education.
Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Yasmin Romitti is a Research Associate with the Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate, as well as the Board on Earth Sciences and Resources at the Academies. She previously worked with the Science and Technology for Sustainability Program, supporting projects such as Pathways to Urban Sustainability, Transitioning toward Sustainability: Advancing the Scientific Foundation, and the Network for Emerging Leaders in Sustainability. Prior to the Academies, she worked with the United Nations Environment Program, working on workshops and roundtables pertaining to climate change, biodiversity conservation, various environmental treaties and conventions, and the Sustainable Development Goals. She earned a B.A. in International Relations with a minor in Biology at Boston University and a Master of Advanced International Studies at the Diplomatic Academy of Vienna in Austria.
Board on Atmospheric Sciences and Climate
Michael Hudson grew up in Roanoke, VA and in 2014, graduated from James Madison University in Harrisonburg, Virginia with a B.S. in Geographic Science concentrating in Environmental Conservation, Sustainability, and Development with a minor in Environmental Science. After graduating, and without a clear career path, Michael pursued nonprofit work in Roanoke and joined AmeriCorps while working alongside a local nonprofit, The Advancement Foundation, as a community and economic developer. Harnessing that passion for nonprofit work and a background in environmental sciences, Michael moved to Washington, DC in January 2015 to pursue a position combining the two. It was then he briefly worked for the Sierra Club’s Beyond Coal Campaign before gaining full-time employment at the National Academies and BASC/PRB. Outside of work, Michael enjoys exploring DC, cross country skiing, happy hours, and the mountains of the Blue Ridge Valley.