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  • Workshop on Geologic Sequestration
    November 28, 2017
    Palo Alto, CA
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Past Events

Click on the event name to view the agenda with links to recordings of the presentations and slides.

Meeting 1: Developing a Research Agenda for Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration — May 24, 2017

Keck Center
500 Fifth St. NW, Washington, DC
Room 208

CLOSED SESSION
8:00 a.m. – 1:00 p.m. ET

OPEN SESSION

GOALS FOR THE OPEN SESSION DISCUSSIONS

  • Clearly understand the needs, perspectives, and expectations of the study sponsors
  • Explore the committee’s task with other stakeholders

 
1:00 P.M.: Introductions (Committee and guests) — Steve Pacala, Committee Chair

1:15 P.M.: Briefing of 2015 National Academies Report Climate Intervention: Carbon Dioxide Removal and Reliable Sequestration — Waleed Abdalati, University of Colorado, Boulder | Slides | Video

1:45 P.M.: Study Sponsors’ Perspectives on the Committee’s Task

  • More clearly understand perspectives of report sponsors – what are the most important issues to be covered in the report?
  • Explore nuances of committee’s task – what should be included in report?
  • What is hoped for out of study – both as a direct deliverable and what would “success” look like?

 
John Litynski, DOE | Slides | Video
Meredith Muth and Ariana Sutton-Grier, NOAA | Slides | Video
Dolores Wesson, EPA | Slides | Video
Peter Warwick, USGS | Slides | Video

2:45 P.M.: Break

3:15 P.M.: Continue discussing study sponsor perspectives on the task

4:15 P.M.: Current state of carbon removal field — Jason Funk, The Center for Carbon Removal | Slides | Video

4:45 P.M.: Public comment session to allow all meeting participants to offer additional contributions to the discussion — Steve Pacala | Video

  • What issues are important to other communities?
  • How might this study be the most useful to the broader community?
  • What are the most urgent unanswered scientific and technical questions?

 

5:30 P.M.: Adjourn Open Session

Webinar: Introduction to Blue Carbon and Coastal Wetland Restoration—July 19, 2017

Webinar objective: to provide an introduction to blue carbon and explore the costs, challenges, and benefits of restoring coastal wetlands, and how blue carbon benefits may motivate restoration.

1:00 PM: Welcome — Tiffany Troxler, Florida International University, Committee Member | Slides | Video |

1:05 PM: Jennifer Howard, Conservation International | Slides | Video |

1:20 PM: Nick Wildman, Massachusetts Division of Ecological Restoration | Slides | Video |

1:35 PM: Fred Sklar, South Florida Water Management District | Slides | Video |

1:50 PM: Walter Meyer, Local Office Landscape Architecture | Slides | Video |

2:05 PM: Discussion and questions from study committee

2:30 PM: Adjourn

Workshop on Blue Carbon—July 26, 2017

8:30 A.M.: Introductions and Goals of the Workshop—Steve Pacala, Committee Chair, and Tiffany Troxler, Committee Member | slides |

9:00 A.M.: Session 1—Current state of knowledge on scientific and technical research requirements to understand the capacity and flux of blue carbon as a CDR approach (i.e. carbon benefits)

  • What is known about the carbon storage potential of coastal wetlands?
  • What is the state of the science on GHG methodologies (gas flux, C stock, soil accretion)?
  • What do we need to know about the landscape-level processes that impact wetland formation and loss (e.g. sediment processes, salinity regimes and saltwater intrusion, eutrophication, coastal ocean carbon cycling, wetland management)?
  • What is the impact of changing salinity regimes on carbon sequestration? On methane emissions? Other factors that are wetland-type specific?

 

Introduction to Session 1—Jianwu (Jim) Tang, Marine Biological Laboratory | video

Panelists:

  • Pat Megonigal, Smithsonian Ecological Research Center | slides |video |
  • Julie Simpson, Massachusetts Institute of Technology | slides | video |
  • Robert Twilley, Louisiana State University | slides | video |
  • Kevin Kroeger, U.S. Geological Survey | slides | video |
  • Neil Ganju, U.S. Geological Survey | slides | video |
  • Discussion | video |

 
10:45 A.M.: Break
 
11:00 A.M.: Session 2—Research needs for predicting across multiple scales impacts of disturbance to the future state of coastal wetlands and CDR potential

  • What is the state of the science for robustly measuring, mapping, and scaling carbon removal and sequestration from the plot-level to the national scale?
  • How may climate change and disturbances impact primary production in a coastal wetland and CDR flux and capacity?
  • What is the state of the science on modeling future conditions?
  • How will CDR change near-term (10-25 yrs) and long-term (50- to 100-yr) with SLR and increasing urbanization/upland conversion/water abstraction?

 
Panelists:

  • Lisamarie Windham-Myers, U.S. Geological Survey | slides | video |
  • James Morris, University of South Carolina | slides | video |
  • Matt Kirwan, Virginia Institute of Marine Science | slides | video |
  • Scott Hagen, Louisiana State University | slides | video |
  • Discussion | video |

 
12:45 P.M.: Lunch
 
1:45 P.M.: Session 3—State of the knowledge on incentives of the blue carbon approach

  • What information is needed to assess the commercial viability of blue carbon crediting for wetland restoration and mitigation?
  • What do we know about the co-benefits of the blue carbon approach and their economic value? (e.g. ecosystem services – coastal protection services, wetland mitigation)
  • What are common knowledge needs/strategies for adopting nature-based solutions that could enhance blue carbon CDR?

 
Panelists:

  • Steve Crooks, Silvestrum Climate Associates | slides | video |
  • Katie Arkema, Stanford University | slides | video |
  • Edward Barbier, University of Wyoming | slides | video |
  • Discussion | video |

 
3:15 P.M.: Break
 
3:30 P.M.: Session 4—State of the knowledge on policy/legal questions and social/institutional constraints surrounding changes in coastal management

  • Are there policies that could be more effective in enhancing CDR potential?
  • What are policies aimed at coastal management for flood mitigation/coastal protection services?
  • Do existing coastal policies enhance or deter adoption of CDR implementation? What are barriers? How do we overcome them?
  • What is the public acceptance of changes in land cover and land use due to wetland restoration or migration?

 
Panelists:

  • Ariana Sutton-Grier, University of Maryland and The Nature Conservancy | slides | video |
  • Sam Brody, Texas A&M University Galveston| slides | video |
  • Scott Pippin, University of Georgia | slides | video |
  • Clark Miller, Arizona State University
  • Discussion | video |

 
5:00 P.M.: Adjourn

Webinar on Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration—September 14, 2017

Webinar Objective: To provide an introduction to terrestrial carbon sequestration and explore the
costs, challenges, and benefits of introducing management practices and land use changes that
increase C sequestration.

11:00: Opening Remarks—Keith Paustian, Committee Member

11:10: Quantifying Opportunities for CO2 Removal through Regeneration of US Forest
Land: An Initial Estimate
—Al Sample, George Mason University | slides | video |

Dr. Sample will discuss the total potential carbon removal that could be obtained by regenerating lands deforested in large-scale disturbances such as wildfires, pest infestations, and timber harvesting. He will also discuss the need for additional research to characterize the technical and financial feasibility of actions to increase carbon removal, integrating spatial with ground-based data.

 
11:35: Global Potential and Impacts of Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration Measures—Pete Smith, University of Aberdeen, UK | slides | video |

Dr. Smith will explore the global potential for carbon sequestration in vegetation and soils through soil carbon sequestration, biochar, afforestation/reforestation and natural ecosystem restoration. He will present the impact on a range of other indications (e.g. GHG, land, water, physical climate impacts, energy and costs) and compare these biological sequestration options with other engineered greenhouse gas removal options.

 
12:00: Managing Carbon Sequestration through Soil Health—Stephen Shafer, Soil Health Institute | slides | video |

Managing soil health can be the means to achieve many desired ends in agricultural production and environmental quality. Management principles and actual field practices implemented to enhance soil health also support the physical, chemical, and biological processes that capture carbon dioxide from the atmosphere and sequester it in soil, providing many benefits to food production and soil, water, and air. This presentation will provide an overview of these principles, some management practices, and the actions that the Soil Health Institute advocates and supports to promote soil health on a broad scale.

 
12:25: Economic and Policy Considerations for Soil Carbon Sequestration—Sian Mooney, Arizona State University | slides | video |

Dr. Mooney will discuss economic considerations that affect opportunities to sequester additional soil carbon in agricultural soils. She will discuss needed producer incentives, their impact on producer adoption of management practices to sequester additional soil carbon and the relationship between incentive structures, policy design and overall economic costs. The value of co-benefits and their relationship to soil C sequestration will also be examined.

 
12:45: Q&A | video |

Workshop on Terrestrial Carbon Sequestration—September 19, 2017

Welcome Remarks from CSU administration

  • Dr. Tony Frank, CSU President and Chancellor of CSU system | video |
  • Dr. Gene Kelly, Assoc. Dean for Extension and Deputy Director Agricultural Experiment Station | video |

Introductions and Goals of the Workshop

 
Remarks from Workshop Organizers (Terrestrial Carbon Group)

  • Dr. Richard Birdsey, Committee Member | video |
  • Dr. Mahdi Al-Kaisi, Committee Member | video |

 
SESSION 1: Current state of knowledge on the capacity (i.e., carbon benefits) of terrestrial carbon as a CDR approach and the scientific and technical research requirements to achieve this capacity.

  • What is known about the carbon storage potential of different land use and management practices?
  • What do we need to know about the field-level and landscape-level processes that impact terrestrial C sequestration and loss (e.g., soil erosion, cropping systems, deforestation, carbon cycling, etc.)?
  • What is the impact of changing land use and management practices on carbon sequestration, GHG emissions? Other factors that are terrestrial-system specific?
  • What are the significant gaps that limit our ability to assess how changing land management alters the terrestrial (including aquatic) and atmospheric carbon budget?

Introduction to Session 1—Dr. Steve Pacala, Committee Chair | video |

Panelist Presentations

  • Cropland: Jean-Francois Soussana, INRA (via WebEx) | slides | video |
  • Forestry: Tara Hudiburg, University of Idaho (via WebEx) | slides | video |
  • Grassland: Alan Franzluebbers, USDA-ARS (via WebEx) | slides | video |
  • Biochar Applications: Johannes Lehmann, Cornell University | slides | video |

 
Discussion | video |
 
SESSION 2: Research needs for predicting across multiple scales the impacts of land use change and management practices to the future of terrestrial C storage and CDR potential

  • What is the state of the science for robustly measuring, mapping, and scaling carbon dioxide removal (CDR) and sequestration from the field-level to the regional and national scale?
  • What is the state of the science on GHG measurement methodologies (gas fluxes, soil C change)?
  • What is the state of the science on modeling impacts of land use and management on soil C stock changes?
  • How will CDR strategies change in the short-term (10-25 yrs) and long-term (50- to 100-yrs), as a function of climate change and land use change (e.g., urbanization, forest and grassland ecosystem conversion to food & fuel production use)?

 
Panelist Presentations

  • Stephen Ogle, Colorado State University | slides | video |
  • Steve Hamburg, Environmental Defense Fund (EDF) | slides | video |
  • Rob Jackson, Stanford University (via WebEx) | slides | video |
  • Grant Domke, US Forest Service (via WebEx) | slides | video |

 
Discussion | video |
 

SESSION 3: State of the knowledge on policies and incentives and socio-economic constraints on terrestrial C sequestration activities

  • What policy options are suited for land use and management for C sequestration and GHG emission mitigation? What are the likely costs?
  • Do existing land use and agriculture programs policies enhance or deter adoption of CDR implementation? What are barriers? How do we overcome them?
  • What information is needed to assess the commercial viability of practices or land use change for C sequestration?
  • What do we know about the co-benefits and negative impacts of the C sequestration terrestrial management practices and their economic value? (i.e., ecosystem services, soil health, water quality, etc.)? How important are induced or secondary macro-economic effects?

 
Panelist Presentations

  • John Antle, Oregon State University (via WebEx) | slides | video |
  • Debbie Reed, Coalition on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases (C-AGG) | slides | video |
  • Adam Chambers, USDA NRCS | slides | video |
  • Joe Cornelius, ARPA-E | slides | video |
  • Toby Janson-Smith, Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) (via WebEx) | slides | video |

 
Discussion | video |

Webinar on Direct Air Capture—October 5, 2017

Webinar objective: to provide an introduction to Direct Air Capture (DAC) as a carbon dioxide removal approach, specifically panelists will explore the limitations, appropriate scale, and future cost of DAC technology. Panelists will describe technological readiness, current research needs, and potential environmental impact.

 
Perspectives from Thought Leaders of Direct Air Capture
 
Panelists:

  • Klaus Lackner, Arizona State University | slides | video (partial) |
  • David Keith, Harvard Paulson School of Engineering and Applies Sciences | video |
  • Peter Eisenberger, Columbia University | slides | video |

 

On the Path to Commercial-Scale Approaches to Direct Air Capture
 
Panelists:

  • Jan Wurzbacher – Climeworks | slides | video |
  • Alina Chanaewa – Skytree | slides | video |
  • Eric Ping – Global Thermostat | slides | video |
  • Geoff Holmes – Carbon Engineering | video |

 
Discussion | video |

Discussion Participants:

Phil Renforth, Cardiff University
Geoff Holmes, Carbon Engineering
Greg Dipple, University of British Columbia
Niall Mac Dowell, Imperial College of London
Roger Aines, Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

Webinar on Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage—October 16, 2017

Webinar objective: To provide an introduction to BECCS as a carbon dioxide removal approach, specifically panelists will explore the capacity for biomass to meet stationary generation and transportation fuel needs, the status, challenges, and costs of implemented bioenergy and biofuels, the technical challenges in utilizing various feedstocks, balancing desired properties and yields, and the navigation of land use competition among stakeholders.
 

12:30 PM: Opening Remarks—Erica Belmont, Committee Member | video |

12:35 PM: Biomass Supply Capacity and Strategies

Laurence Eaton, Natural Resource and Environmental Economist, Oak Ridge National Laboratory | slides | video |

  • Process flow overview of biomass supply strategies
  • What is the realistic potential for biomass supply, and what are the constraints (e.g. food and fiber)?
  • What is the capacity for biomass to meet stationary generation and transportation fuel needs?

 

Matt Langholtz, Natural Resource Economist, Oak Ridge National Laboratory

  • Economic considerations of biomass supply strategies
  • What are the impediments to the economic feasibility of bio-energy and biofuel/biochar approaches?

 
1:05 PM: Prospects of BECCS and Negative Carbon Potentials

Clair Gough, Research Fellow, University of Manchester, Tyndall Centre for Climate Change Research | slides | video |

  • Overview of the status of BECCS
  • General considerations of capacity and status of biomass for electricity generation
  • What are the potentials for negative emissions capacity?
  • What are the associated impacts of bio-energy (e.g. land-use impacts)?

 
1:25 PM Status, Capacity, and Challenges of Biomass to Fuels/Char

Alan Del Paggio, Vice President of Upstream and Renewables, CRI Catalyst Company | slides | video |

  • Perspectives on biomass supply
  • What is the status of implemented bioenergy and biofuels, including capacities, biomass types, and conversion methods (e.g. gasification, combustion in air, pyrolysis, etc.): challenges and costs?
  • Negative pathway potentials of biomass to fuels/char

 
1:45 PM: Q&A | video |
 
2:15 PM: Adjourn Webinar

Workshop on Bio-Energy with Carbon Capture and Storage—October 23, 2017

Presentations from the workshop will be posted here when they become available.
Agenda

Workshop on Direct Air Capture—October 24, 2017

Presentations from the webinar will be posted here when they become available.
Agenda

Webinar on Geologic Sequestration—November 15, 2017

Presentations from the webinar will be posted here when they become available.
Agenda