Statement of Task
To assist the Department of Homeland security (DHS) in its efforts to safeguard the Nation’s people, infrastructure, and economy from terrorist use of improvised explosive devices (IEDs), the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine (the Academies) will identify priority precursor chemicals used in the manufacture of IEDs, suggest controls that could be considered as part of a voluntary or regulatory scheme, and examine tradeoffs among those strategies. The committee will:
1. Review the available literature and data, both U.S. and international, to identify and list chemicals that have been used either in the U.S. or internationally or are susceptible for use in IEDs. For chemicals found to be currently used in IEDs, identify these chemicals in order of the most widely used to the least used.
2. For each of the listed chemicals, analyze how the chemical moves through commercial supply chains. Assess the vulnerabilities and weaknesses of the supply chains with respect to susceptibility to theft and diversion of the chemical.
3. Using the information obtained in Steps 1 and 2 to develop a priority ranking of chemicals to consider for control and discuss the criteria used.
4. Describe and assess existing control measures, both in the U.S. and internationally, for the priority chemicals, including vulnerabilities in the existing framework of voluntary and regulatory controls.
5. Suggest controls that might be effective for a voluntary or regulatory strategy and discuss the tradeoffs between factors such as economics, cost, security, and impact on commerce.
The report will provide a prioritized list of precursor chemicals that appear to pose the greatest risks in terms of their potential for use in the manufacture of IEDs and strategies for voluntary and regulatory control.
Call for Nominations
The Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology is pleased to announce a new consensus project being sponsored by the U.S. Department of Homeland Security, “Reducing the Threat of Improvised Explosive Device Attacks by Restricting Access to Chemical Explosive Precursors.” We are currently seeking nominations for members of the study committee. Nominations are requested no later than Friday, August 22, 2016.
Having the appropriate membership is central to the success of every activity at the Academies and we appreciate your help in this committee nominations process. Nominations may also be used to identify speakers and panelists for the workshop, and reviewers for the following report.
Charge to the Committee
Under the oversight of the Board on Chemical Sciences and Technology, an ad hoc committee will identify and prioritize a list chemicals that have been used either in the U.S. or internationally or are susceptible for use in IEDs, analyze how the chemical moves through commercial supply chains, assess existing control measures for the priority chemicals, and suggest technical and nontechnical controls that might be effective for a voluntary or regulatory strategy. The committee is expected to meet 5 times in the calendar years 2016-2017.
A committee of approximately 14 experts from chemical and engineering disciplines will be appointed by the National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine, drawing members from the academic, industrial, and national lab sectors. Expertise on the committee will include the following areas: chemistry, energetic materials, commercial supply chain operations, security, and law enforcement.
To make a nomination, please send us the person’s name, affiliation, contact information, area of expertise, and a brief statement describing why the person is relevant to the study topic. Direct your ideas to IED@nas.edu. or use the online form.
Please submit your nominations NO LATER THAN Friday, August 22, 2016.