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Committee Membership

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Dr. James W.C. White (Chair)
University of Colorado Boulder

James W. C. White is a Fellow and Director of the Institute of Arctic and Alpine Research and a Professor of Geological Sciences at the University of Colorado at Boulder. He is a climate scientist with experience working with ice cores from Greenland and Antarctica. His areas of focus are global change, paleoclimate dynamics, and biogeochemistry and his specific interests include global scale climate and environmental dynamics, carbon dioxide concentrations and climate from stable hydrogen isotope peats and other organics, climate from deuterium excess and hydrogen isotopes in ice cores; isotopes in general circulation models, and modern carbon cycle dynamics via isotopes of carbon dioxide and methane. Dr. White received his Ph.D. from Columbia University. He has participated in numerous NRC study committees, including Chairing the study on Abrupt Impacts of Climate Change, and recently completed a term as Chair of the PRB.

Dr. David T. Allen
The University of Texas at Austin

Dr. David Allen is the Gertz Regents Professor of Chemical Engineering, and the Director of the Center for Energy and Environmental Resources, at the University of Texas at Austin. He is the author of seven books and over 250 papers, primarily in the areas of urban air quality, the engineering of sustainable systems, and the development of materials for environmental and engineering education. Dr. Allen has been a lead investigator for multiple air quality measurement studies, which have had a substantial impact on the direction of air quality policies. He directs the Air Quality Research Program for the State of Texas, and he is the founding Editor-in-Chief of the American Chemical Society’s journal ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering. The quality of his work has been recognized by the National Science Foundation, the AT&T Foundation, the American Institute of Chemical Engineers, the Association of Environmental Engineering and Science Professors, and the State of Texas. He has served on a variety of governmental advisory panels and from 2012 to 2015 chaired the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency’s Science Advisory Board. Dr. Allen received his B.S. degree in Chemical Engineering, with distinction, from Cornell University in 1979. His M.S. and Ph.D. degrees in Chemical Engineering were awarded by the California Institute of Technology in 1981 and 1983. He has held visiting faculty appointments at the California Institute of Technology, the University of California, Santa Barbara, and the Department of Energy.

Dr. Praveen Amar
Independent Consultant

Dr. Praveen K. Amar is an independent consultant working in the areas of environment (air), energy, and climate change strategies. He recently served as a member of the Technical Experts Group for the United Nations Environment Program (UNEP) that developed UN written guidelines on Best Available Technologies and Best Engineering Practices (BAT-BEP) for mercury control from industrial sources. These guidelines were required under the UN global treaty known as Minamata Convention. From May 2011 to May 2013, he was the Senior Policy Advisor of Technology and Climate Policy at the Clean Air Task Force (CATF), an environmental organization with a focus on protecting the environment through research, advocacy, collaboration, and innovation. From 2007-2011, he served as a member of EPA’s Clean Air Scientific Advisory Committee (CASAC) panel on review of Secondary National Ambient Air Quality Standards (NAAQS) for SO2 and NOx. Since 2015, he has been serving on the reconstituted CASAC review panel on the same subject. He recently completed his service on EPA’s Clean Air Act Advisory Committee (CAAAC) Climate Change Work Group that addressed approaches EPA may take to control greenhouse gas emissions from large industrial sources. He served as a member of the National Academies Board on Environmental Studies and Toxicology (BEST) from 2010-2016, and as a member of National Academies Committee on evaluation of sustainability tools for use in EPA’s decision making. He is currently serving on the National Academies’ committee on evaluation of EPA’s research program, STAR. He received his Ph.D. in engineering from UCLA, and is a registered professional engineer in California.

Dr. Jean Bogner
Univeristy of Illinois, Chicago

Dr. Jean Bogner is currently research professor emerita at the University of Illinois at Chicago (UIC), Department of Earth and Environmental Sciences. Previously she worked more than 20 years at Argonne National Laboratory (ANL) focusing on applied research for mined land reclamation, contaminated groundwater remediation, and the recovery and utilization of landfill CH4. Subsequent U.S. and international projects at ANL, her consultancy Landfills +, Inc. (1997-2013), and UIC have focused on more fundamental field and laboratory investigations related to landfill biogas generation, transport, soil oxidation, and emissions. Recent landfill research includes field-validated modeling for site-specific CH4 emissions inclusive of local soils and climate, investigation of alternative CH4 emissions measurement strategies, and quantification of F gas emissions. During 2004-2007 she was the coordinating lead author for the “Waste Management” chapter of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) 4th Assessment Report for Working Group III [Mitigation of Climate Change]. She holds BA, MS, and PhD degrees in geoscience focusing on hydrogeology, geochemistry, and soils.

Dr. Lori Bruhwiler
National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration

Dr. Lori Bruhwiler is a Physical Scientist in the Global Monitoring Division of the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration’s Earth Systems Research Laboratory (ESRL) in Boulder, Colorado. Dr. Bruhwiler received her Ph.D. and Masters of Astrophysical, Planetary and Atmospheric Sciences from the University of Colorado in 1992 and 1988, respectively. Prior to her work at ESRL Lori was a physical scientist for the Geophysical Fluid Dynamics Laboratory in Princeton, New Jersey. Her research interests include understanding the budgets of CO2 and CH4 using atmospheric transport models, observations and assimilation techniques.

Dr. Daniel Cooley
Colorado State University

Dr. Daniel Cooley is an Associate Professor in the Department of Statistics at Colorado State University. Dr. Cooley received his Ph.D. and Masters in Applied Mathematics from the University of Colorado at Boulder in 2005 and 2002, respectively. Apart from being an Associate Professor, Dan is also a faculty member at the Colorado State University School of Environmental Sustainability. Most recently he was a visiting scholar in the Department of Statistics at University of Washington in Seattle, Washington. Dr. Cooley’s research interests include extreme value theory, modeling multivariate extremes, heavy tailed phenomena, spatial statistics, Bayesian modeling, and the meteorological/environmental and ecological applications of these. Dan has been published in many articles, technical reports, and workshop proceedings.

Dr. Christian Frankenberg
Jet Propulsion Laboratory

Dr. Christian Frankenberg is a scientist at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory at California Institute of Technology in Pasadena, California focusing on the remote sensing of atmospheric trace gases (with particular focus on greenhouse gases), bio-geochemical cycles (through observations of greenhouse gases and chlorophyll fluorescence), hydrological cycle and distribution of water isotopes, inverse methods, and applied spectroscopy. Dr. Frankenerg received his Ph.D. in environmental physics from Ruprecht-Karls-University in Heidellberg, Germany in 2005 where he was also a postdoctoral researcher. Dr. Frankenerg was also a VENI Postdoctoral Researcher (in conjunction with a personal fellowship from the Dutch Science Foundation) until December of 2009. Most recently he was awarded the NASA Early Career Achievement Medal and the Lew Allen Award for Excellence in 2012.

Mr. Fiji George
Southwestern Energy

Mr. Fiji George has more than 21 years of experience related to energy-environmental and sustainability issues spanning natural gas production, processing, transmission and LNG. His current focus is on characterizing methane emissions from the natural gas value chain through collaborative research, and developing sound policies to meet the challenge of reducing methane emissions from the natural gas sector. He also focuses on identifying solutions for prudent natural gas development in a low carbon economy, including assessing the impact of carbon budgets on oil and gas development. His experience includes leading the development of comprehensive methane emissions inventories and protocols; development of methane measurement programs; and participation in scientific studies with academia, non-government organizations (NGOs) and other industry partners. He has been involved in several multi-stakeholder studies, including the 2010-2011 National Petroleum Council (NPC), the University of Texas studies on methane emissions from the production sector, the Stanford University led Energy Modeling Forum (EMF), and methane studies in collaboration with Colorado School of Mines, NREL, and NOAA. He is a co-author on peer-reviewed scientific papers related to methane emissions, and has been a peer-reviewer for several reports including reports from the National Energy Technology Laboratory (NETL), Department of Energy (DoE), Resources for the Future (RFF), Center for Strategic and International Studies (CSIS) and the World Resources Institute (WRI). He holds a master’s in Civil (Environmental) Engineering from Texas A&M University and a bachelor’s in Mining Engineering from Anna University, India.

Ms. Lisa J. Hanle
Independent Consultant

Ms. Lisa Hanle holds a Master’s Degree from the Johns Hopkins University School of Advanced International Studies, where she focused on International Economics with a concentration in Energy, Environment, Science and Technology and a Bachelor’s Degree in Biology from Notre Dame of Maryland University. She was also a Fulbright Scholar, studying in Konstanz, Germany. Lisa has been active in the reporting and review of GHG inventory information at the project, facility, national and international levels for 16 years. Most recently, Lisa served as a Programme Officer at the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) in Bonn, Germany, where she supported the international negotiations to develop the latest guidelines for reporting and review of GHG inventories under the Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, for use by developed countries. On a technical level, while at the U.S. EPA, Lisa supported development of the annual U.S. GHG inventory to the UNFCCC (responsible for generating emissions estimates for industrial processes and fugitive emissions from coal, oil and natural gas). She was also a core member of the team that developed the United States’ first mandatory, facility-level GHG reporting program, and served as a lead author in the development of the 2006 Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Guidelines for National Greenhouse Gas Inventories.

Dr. Alexander Hristov
Pennsylvania State University

Dr. Alexander Hristov is a Professor of Dairy Nutrition in the Department of Animal Science at The Pennsylvania State University. Hristov is a member of several professional organizations and the Feed Composition Committee of the National Animal Nutrition Program. His main field of research is mitigation of nutrient losses and gaseous emissions from livestock, specifically dairy, operations. Hristov is Chair of the Feed and Nutrition Network (FNN) within the Livestock Research Group of the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases. His published works include more than 140 refereed-journal articles, as well as several books and book chapters.

Dr. Ermias Kebreab
University of California, Davis

Dr. Ermias Kebreab is a Professor and the Deputy Director of the Agricultural Sustainability Institue in the Department of Animal Science at the University of California at Davis. Dr. Kebreab is also serving as the current Sesnon Chair of the Animal Nutrition and Environment Modeling Applications Laboratory, which supports a distinguished animal scientist who provides intellectual leadership in undergraduate and graduate teaching and research for the Department of Animal Science, the College and the campus. The chair holder is expected to have made distinguished research contributions in the field of animal science relevant to the biology and production of livestock or aquaculture species. His current research interests include: whole system approach to quantifying greenhouse gas emissions in agriculture; mathematical modeling and mitigation of emissions from animals, manure and soil; development of energy and nutrient utilization/requirement models in cattle, swine and poultry; and sustainable agriculture, in particular animal production in relation to environmental sustainability. Dr. Kebreab received his Ph.D. in Ecological Modeling and his Masters in Integrative Biology at the University of Reading, United Kingdom in 1998 and 1991, respectively. He is currently a member of American Dairy Science Association and American Society of Animal Science.

Dr. April Leytem
U.S. Department of Agriculture

Dr. April Leytem is a research scientist at the USDA Agricultural Research Service with the Northwest Irrigation and Soils Research Laboratory in Kimberly, Idaho. For the past eleven years she has been working in the area of on-farm emissions of ammonia and greenhouse gasses from the livestock sector including animal housing, manure storage and land application of manures. Studies have focused on development of techniques for measuring/monitoring on-farm emissions and development of baseline emissions factors. In particular her focus has been on emissions from western dairy production systems. She was a contributing author for the USDA document “Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Fluxes in Agriculture and Forestry: Methods for Entity-Scale Inventory” in particular she co-authored the chapter on “Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Sources and Sinks in Animal Production Systems”. In addition she has been involved in helping to improve whole farm modeling efforts to estimate emissions from dairy production systems and efforts to quantify emissions for carbon credit applications.

Dr. Maria Mastalerz
Indiana University

Dr. Maria Mastalerz is a Coal Geologist and Adjunct Research Scientist with the University of Indiana at Bloomington. Dr. Mastalerz received her Ph.D. in Coal Geology from Silesian Technical University and her Masters from Wroclaw University, both based in Poland. Dr. Mastalerz’s area of expertise is coal geology and organic petrology and geochemistry of hydrocarbon source rocks. She has conducted research on coal and kerogen in sedimentary basins of Poland, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and USA. She has also wide laboratory-oriented experience; she has developed and applied electron microprobe and reflectance micro-FTIR to study light element composition and functional group distributions in organic matter. Her current projects include characterization of Indiana coals, investigation of coalbed methane potential and CO2 sorption into the coal, and oil and gas shale characterization. Maria recently served as a co-investigator of the geochemical and physical constraints on genesis, storage, and productibility of shale gas. Maria is currently the co-chair of the Coal Certification Program and serves as a member of the Geological Society of America.

Dr. Steven C. Wofsy
Harvard University

Dr. Steven Wofsy is the Abbott Lawrence Rotch Professor of Atmospheric and Environmental Science at Harvard University. His research emphasizes sources and distributions of greenhouse gases on urban, regional and global scales and the impacts of climate change and land use on ecosystems and atmospheric composition. Dr. Wofsy’s extensive research interests include: Terrestrial carbon, effects of forests on climate, and climate in forests; inference of large-scale carbon budgets from atmospheric and land surface data; CO2 as a tracer of atmospheric transport in the upper troposphere and stratosphere; and new instrumentation for measuring atmospheric carbon cycle species (CO2, CO, CH4). Dr. Wofsy has published over 300 journal articles during a career spanning four decades. His awards include the AGU’s Macelwane prize and NASA’s Distinguished Public Service Medal. In 2011, he was elected to the National Academy of Sciences. He earned his B.S. in chemistry from the University of Chicago and his M.A. and Ph.D. degrees in chemistry from Harvard University. He has served on the NASA Earth System Science and Applications Advisory and on the NASA Advisory Council as well as on the Carbon Cycle Science Plan Working Group and North American Carbon Program writing group. His recent NRC service includes the Committee on Indicators for Understanding Global Climate Change, the Panel on Atmosphere, the Committee on Methods for Estimating Greenhouse Gas Emissions, and the Committee on Ensuring the Utility and Integrity of Research Data in a Digital Age.

Statement of Committee Composition
Disclosure of Conflict of Interest: Fiji George

In accordance with Section 15 of the Federal Advisory Committee Act, the “Academy shall make its best efforts to ensure that no individual appointed to serve on [a] committee has a conflict of interest that is relevant to the functions to be performed, unless such conflict is promptly and publicly disclosed and the Academy determines that the conflict is unavoidable.” A conflict of interest refers to an interest, ordinarily financial, of an individual that could be directly affected by the work of the committee. As specified in the Academy’s policy and procedures (http://www.nationalacademies.org/coi/index.html), an objective determination is made for each provisionally appointed committee member whether or not a conflict of interest exists given the facts of the individual’s financial and other interests and the task being undertaken by the committee. A determination of a conflict of interest for an individual is not an assessment of that individual’s actual behavior or character or ability to act objectively despite the conflicting interest.

We have concluded that for this committee to accomplish the tasks for which it was established its membership must include among others, at least one member who possesses current expertise and on-the-ground knowledge of natural gas production, processing, and transmission, which is one significant source of anthropogenic methane emissions.

To meet the need for this expertise and experience, Fiji George is proposed for appointment to the committee even though we have concluded that he has a conflict of interest because of his employment with Southwestern Energy.

As stated in his bio, Fiji George’s current focus is on characterizing methane emissions from the natural gas value chain through collaborative research, and on developing innovative solutions to reduce methane emissions from the natural gas sector. He is also involved in designing and assessing methane reduction technologies and new measurement technologies. He has over twenty years of experience related to energy-environmental and sustainability issues spanning natural gas production, processing, and transmission. In his role at Southwestern Energy, Mr. George develops comprehensive methane emissions measurement programs, inventories, and protocols; and participates in scientific studies with academia, non-government organizations and other industry partners.

After an extensive search, we have been unable to identify another individual with the equivalent combination of industry experience and scientific expertise in methane measurement and inventories as Mr. Fiji who does not have a similar conflict of interest. Therefore, we have concluded that this potential conflict is unavoidable.