Caitlin Whalen

3. Your affiliation
Scripps Institution of Oceanography

4. Your discipline
Physical Oceanography

5. Across all ocean science disciplines, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the decade.
Across all disciplines….

1) How is climate change affecting the ocean on both global, regional scales?
2) What processes are driving these changes?
3) How is do we expect the ocean to change in the future?
 
6. Within your own discipline, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the next decade.
1) How are the physical properties, circulation, fluxes, etc, of the ocean changing and why?
2) How do we expect physical properties, circulation, fluxes, etc, of the ocean changing in the future?
3) What physics behind the processes that are to small to be resolved in climate models, yet are important to the larger-scales? (diapycnal mixing, submesoscale, air-sea interactions, etc)

7. Please list 3 ideas for programs, technology, infrastructure, or facilities that you believe will play a major role in addressing the above questions over the next decade. Please consider both existing and new technology/facilities/infrastructure/programs that could be deployed in this timeframe. What mechanisms might be identified to best leverage these investments (interagency collaborations, international partnerships, etc.)?
1) Global-class research vessels.
2) Expansion of the existing remote observations (in-situ and satellite-based) that have versatile scientific applications. For example projects such as expanding Argo to include deep casts, more sensors, and coverage in remote areas.
3) Observational infrastructure that fills in the temporal and spatial gaps not covered by (1) and (2) (such as the TAO equatorial mooring array).

8. Other comments pertinent to the committee’s charge.