Edward Dever

3. Your affiliation
Oregon State Univ.

4. Your discipline
physical oceanography

5. Across all ocean science disciplines, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the decade.
What are ocean ecosystem responses to ocean acidification likely to look like?

What are combined ecosystem responses to climate change (including wind forcing, ocean temperature, ocean acidification, eutrophication, and ocean currents)?

How are organisms transported to and from the nearshore zone (i.e., what are the processes that determine the dispersion kernel of organisms inhabiting the nearshore)?
 
6. Within your own discipline, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the next decade.
How do submesoscale lateral dispersion processes that are difficult to model using standard oceanographic models (e.g. ROMS) link up to mesoscale processes?

What are the long term changes of the global ocean temperatures?

7. Please list 3 ideas for programs, technology, infrastructure, or facilities that you believe will play a major role in addressing the above questions over the next decade. Please consider both existing and new technology/facilities/infrastructure/programs that could be deployed in this timeframe. What mechanisms might be identified to best leverage these investments (interagency collaborations, international partnerships, etc.)?
long term research quality in situ coastal and global time series at the marine atmospheric boundary layer with data and metadata taken to IOOS standards. Time series should include meteorological, physical oceanographic, chemical, and optical, and acoustic data and be available in near real time.

coastal and global glider transects (including biologically important properties) with data and metadata taken to IOOS standards. Data should be available in near real time.

a reusable state of the art research mooring array that can be competed and reallocated on a 5 year basis
8. Other comments pertinent to the committee’s charge.
I am associated with the Ocean Observatories Initiative so I am not an unbiased commenter.

However, I believe long term time series are critical to addressing many problems today and in the future. Many oceanographic phenomena are inherently red spectrum which means we need to keep measuring. I would argue that the most important in situ time series of the last half century include Keeling’s CO2 time series, TOGA/TAO, and CalCOFI. Each of these were not intended to provide climatic data, but each of them have been critically important. It’s time to build purposeful long term time series. Modern time series are expensive – too expensive to be be maintained for/by one lab or group. Hence the time series must be community-based and deliver data to the entire research community in near real time. These time series should incorporate a thoughtful mix of large numbers of simple sensors with smaller numbers of more sophisticated sensors.