J. Evan Ward

3. Your affiliation
University of Connecticut, Dept. of Marine Sciences

4. Your discipline
Marine Biology

5. Across all ocean science disciplines, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the decade.
1. What are the impacts (other than climate change) of anthropogenic inputs on marine organisms? 

2. How will climate change impacts on diversity and biogeography?

3. What are the feed-back consequences of #1 and #2 on humans?
 
6. Within your own discipline, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the next decade.
1. How do multiple stressors (natural and anthropogenic) impact fitness and condition of marine organisms?

2. What role does the microbiome of marine organisms play in mediating the “health” of individuals and populations? 

3. How will the microbiome of marine organisms change in response to changing ocean conditions?

7. Please list 3 ideas for programs, technology, infrastructure, or facilities that you believe will play a major role in addressing the above questions over the next decade. Please consider both existing and new technology/facilities/infrastructure/programs that could be deployed in this timeframe. What mechanisms might be identified to best leverage these investments (interagency collaborations, international partnerships, etc.)?
1. More opportunities for collaborative programs between EPA, NSF, and NIH. 

2. Expand interdisciplinary training programs for issues listed above. 

3. Additional emphasis on issues related to oceans and human health.

8. Other comments pertinent to the committee’s charge.