3. Your affiliation
4. Your discipline
5. Across all ocean science disciplines, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the decade.
1) How will climate change and ocean acidification affect marine ecosystems, from physics to top predators?
2) How does larval dispersal influence the dynamics and evolution of marine populations and communities?
3) How do we balance human influences on ocean ecosystems to ensure sustainable flows of ecosystem services for us and future generations?
6. Within your own discipline, please list 3 important scientific questions that you believe will drive ocean research over the next decade.
1) How will climate change and ocean acidification influence the population dynamics, distribution, and assembly of marine communities?
2) How do marine populations and communities integrate the impacts of multiple human stressors?
3) When, where, why, and how does local adaptation occur in the ocean?
7. Please list 3 ideas for programs, technology, infrastructure, or facilities that you believe will play a major role in addressing the above questions over the next decade. Please consider both existing and new technology/facilities/infrastructure/programs that could be deployed in this timeframe. What mechanisms might be identified to best leverage these investments (interagency collaborations, international partnerships, etc.)?
1) Substantial new efforts to synthesize, curate, centralize, and expand monitoring efforts for marine animals. The Ocean Biogeographic Information System (OBIS) is an initial effort in this direction, but lags far behind similar compilations for physical and chemical oceanographic data. Such efforts are key for understanding ecosystem dynamics at large spatial and temporal scales.
2) New programs emphasizing the study of marine ecosystems at large scales, similar to the NSF-NOAA CAMEO project that was cut short.
3) Interdisciplinary programs in or similar to the Science, Engineering, and Education for Sustainability (SEES) theme at NSF will likely play key roles integrating our understanding together from disparate fields.
8. Other comments pertinent to the committee’s charge.