The Future of Animal Law Committee and Speaker Bios

Workshop and Webinar Planning Committee

Paul A. Locke, Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health (Co-Chair)

Paul Locke, an environmental health scientist and attorney, is an Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health in the Department of Environmental Health and Engineering. He holds joint appointments in the Departments of Health Policy and Management and Health, Behavior and Society. Dr. Locke has an MPH from Yale University School of Medicine, a DrPH from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health and a JD degree from Vanderbilt University School of Law. At Hopkins, Dr. Locke leads an integrated research, practice and teaching program. His program designs evidence-based initiatives to better protect public health, especially in advancing evidence-based in vitro toxicology and radiation protection policy at federal and international organizations. He has published widely in both law reviews and scientific and policy journals, and has developed three cross-disciplinary courses in environmental law and policy and animal law. Dr. Locke also directs the School’s Doctor of Public Health program in Environmental Health Sciences and a certificate program in Humane Sciences and Toxicology Policy. Dr. Locke is admitted to practice law in the state of New York and the District of Columbia, the Southern District Court of New York and is a member of the bar of the United States Supreme Court. He is also a member of the Science Board of the American Public Health Association (APHA). He is the recipient of the Yale School of Public Health Alumni Service Award and the American Public Health Association Environment Section Distinguished Service Award

Steven M. Niemi, Harvard University (Co-Chair)

Steve Niemi is Director, Office of Animal Resources and Lecturer, Department of Organismic and Evolutionary Biology, Harvard University Faculty of Arts Sciences, Cambridge, MA. With over 35 years’ experience in biomedical research and commercial biotechnology, he has held senior management positions in contract drug and device development, biotech start-ups in human gene therapy and food animal genomics, and laboratory animal care and assurance. Dr. Niemi is a Diplomate and past president of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine, and has served on numerous boards and national task forces addressing medical product development and lab animal welfare. He earned an AB in biology from Harvard College, a DVM from Washington State University, and then received a US Public Health Service National Research Service Award while a Postdoctoral Fellow at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He later completed the Program for Management Development at the Harvard Business School. A collection of his essays, “Notes in the Category of C: Reflections on the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals,” was recently published by Academic Press, a subsidiary of Elsevier BV.

Szczepan Baran, Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research, Inc.

Szczepan Baran is the Global Head, Animal Welfare and Compliance Training at Novartis Institutes for Biomedical Research. In this position, he leads efforts to globally harmonize training and in-vivo procedures and the application of surgical fundamentals to improve reproducibility. He spearheads endeavors to leverage in-vitro platforms to optimize translational relevance and enabling technologies to optimize preclinical animal modeling in support of pharmaceutical development. Prior to joining Novartis, Dr. Baran was COO and founder of the Veterinary Bioscience Institute. While at Fred Hutch Cancer Research Center he was a member of the team that discovered the first canine embryonic stem cells. He held faculty positions at Wake Forest School of Medicine, Drexel University College of Medicine and Delaware Valley University. Dr. Baran is the founder of the largest Laboratory Animal Science and Medicine LinkedIn group, the largest such group of this kind as well as Labroots Laboratory Animal Virtual Conference with the largest participation of any Laboratory Animal conference in the world. He has served on multiple Boards including Academy of Surgical Research and Americans for Medical Progress. Currently he is serving as Board Member of North America 3Rs (NA3Rs) Collaborative and is a Chair-elect of the 3Rs Working Group International Consortium for Innovation & Quality in Pharmaceutical Development. Dr. Baran is a graduate of the University of Delaware and the University Pennsylvania School of Veterinary Medicine. He completed his residency in Laboratory Animal Medicine and a Master’s of Science in Comparative Medicine at the University Washington School Medicine.

Richard L. Cupp, Jr., Pepperdine University School of Law

Richard L. Cupp, Jr. serves as the John W. Wade Professor of Law at Pepperdine University School of Law. He writes and speaks extensively about the legal and moral status of nonhuman animals. Professor Cupp has advised several organizations on these subjects, including the National Academies of Sciences Committee on Science, Technology and Law, the National Academies of Sciences Committee on Neuroscience, the American Veterinary Medical Association, the National Association for Biomedical Research, the Animal Health Institute, and the American Animal Hospital Association. Professor Cupp’s body of work addressing nonhuman animals’ legal and moral status has been highlighted in National Geographic, Popular Science, and other popular press venues. In addition to his scholarly publications, he has published op/eds in The New York Times, The Los Angeles Times, USA TODAY, The Philadelphia Inquirer, The National Law Journal, The Indianapolis Star, and other media sources. He has appeared on several television and radio news programs addressing issues involving nonhuman animals’ moral and legal status as well as other legal issues. He has been quoted in numerous national, international and local newspapers and magazines, and in numerous digital media sources. Professor Cupp is also widely recognized as a leading scholar and commentator in the fields of torts and products liability. He is the coauthor of a products liability casebook, and he has authored numerous scholarly articles addressing both products liability and torts. Professor Cupp is an elected member of the American Law Institute, and he has served as chair of the Association of American Law Schools Section on Torts and Compensation Systems. Professor Cupp served Pepperdine University School of Law previously in administrative capacities as vice dean, as associate dean for academics, and as the school’s first associate dean for research. As a law student Professor Cupp was editor-in-chief of the UC Davis Law Review. Since 2009 Professor Cupp has served as a member of the board of directors of Meals on Wheels West.

Anne Deschamps, Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology

Anne Deschamps, is the Associate Director of Science Policy in the Office of Public Affairs at the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology (FASEB), an organization representing 31 scientific societies and over 130,000 members. At FASEB, Dr. Deschamps works on science policy issues related to the humane use of animals in research. In addition, she oversees the production of FASEB’s science education article series Breakthroughs in Bioscience and Horizons in Bioscience. She received her PhD in molecular and cellular biology from the Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina in 2007 and completed a postdoctoral fellowship in the Translational Medicine Branch of the National Heart, Lung and Blood Institute at the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland.

Chris Green, Harvard Law School

Chris Green is the Executive Director of Harvard Law School’s Animal Law and Policy Program. He is a graduate of Harvard Law School and the University of Illinois, where he created the school’s first Environmental Science degree. Chris previously was the Director of Legislative Affairs for the Animal Legal Defense Fund, and is the former Chair of the American Bar Association’s TIPS Animal Law Committee. Chris currently serves on the Executive Board of the National Sheriffs’ Association’s Coalition on Violence Against Animals, previously was on the Board of the National Center for Animal Law, was an advisor to the National Canine Research Council, and is a member of the American Veterinary Medical Law Association and the Illinois Farm Bureau. He currently manages an Illinois farm that has remained in his family for 179 consecutive years. Chris was a member of the California Veterinary Medical Association’s Non-Economic Recovery Task Force, helping explore legislative options to balance the profession’s increasing liability exposure with a more equitable assessment of companion animal value. He later acted as an advisor to members of the American Veterinary Medical Association’s Task Force on the Legal Status of Animals, addressing those same legislative issues at a national level. In 2004 Green wrote The Future of Veterinary Malpractice Liability in the Care of Companion Animals, which was published in the 10th Anniversary Issue of the journal Animal Law. That same year he won First Prize at Harvard’s inaugural National Animal Law Competition, an event he still regularly judges. Chris has consulted on animal legal issues for CNN, CBS News, NBC News, Headline News, POLITICO, The Atlantic, Bloomberg News, Harper’s, Huffington Post, Science Magazine, Smart Money Magazine, The New York Times, Chicago Tribune, San Francisco Chronicle, Wall Street Journal, Washington Post and Vice News. He additionally has testified at dozens of legislative hearings, and frequently lectures on animal protection legislation, Ag-Gag anti-whistleblower laws, exotic animal ownership, and companion animal valuation at law schools and conferences around the country. Chris also spent several decades working in the fine arts, film and music industries.

Elizabeth Heitman, University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center

Elizabeth Heitman is Professor in the Program in Ethics in Science and Medicine at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas, Texas. Her work focuses on cultural issues and international aspects of ethics in medicine, biomedical science, and public health, her research examines international standards of research ethics, education in the responsible conduct of research, and trainees’ awareness of professional and cultural norms. She is co-director of the research ethics education program “Formação Colaborativa na Ética em Pesquisa (Collaborative Research Ethics Education)”, sponsored by the NIH Fogarty International Center, with colleagues from Vanderbilt University Medical Center in Nashville, Tennessee and the Universidade Eduardo Mondlane in Maputo, Mozambique. Dr. Heitman previously directed a similar program with the Hospital Nacional de Niños in San José, Costa Rica and was PI of the National Science Foundation-funded study “Research Integrity in the Education of International Science Trainees.” She is a member of the Board on Life Sciences’ Standing Committee on Educational Institutes for Teaching Responsible Science. Through the National Academies, Dr. Heitman has taught in international faculty development projects on responsible science in the Middle East and North Africa, as well as Malaysia and Indonesia. She previously chaired the National Academies Committee on the Elaboration of a National Curriculum in Bioethics and Responsible Conduct of Science for Algeria, advising the Algerian Ministry of Higher Education, and recently served as co-chair of the Committee on Gene Drive Research in Non-Human Organisms: Recommendations for Responsible Conduct. Dr. Heitman received her PhD in Religious Studies in 1988 from Rice University’s joint program in biomedical ethics with the University of Texas – Houston Health Science Center.

 

Speaker Biographies

Richard T. Born, Harvard Medical School

Richard T. Born, M.D., is a Professor of Neurobiology at Harvard Medical School and former (2009-2014) Director of the Harvard PhD Program in Neuroscience. He was raised in the Upper Peninsula of Michigan and attended DePauw University where he received a B.A. in Chemistry in 1983. He attended Harvard Medical School (HMS), where he discovered the joys of visual neurophysiology working with Professors David Hubel and Margaret Livingstone. After receiving the M.D. degree in 1988, he continued on as a postdoctoral fellow in the Hubel/Livingstone lab, undertook a second postdoc with William Newsome at Stanford and then returned to HMS in 1995 as an Assistant Professor in the Department of Neurobiology. He has remained at HMS ever since with the exception of a year-long sabbatical in 2005 at the CNRS in Toulouse, France. He became a Full Professor in 2006 and Director of the PhD Program in Neuroscience in 2009. His scientific work has been recognized with Fellowships from the Klingenstein, Whitehall, Kirsch and Lefler Foundations and the Jesse L. Sigelman Award for Innovation and Excellence. In 2014 he received the Harvard Division of Medical Sciences Award for Exceptional Leadership in Graduate Education. His laboratory studies cortical visual processing in nonhuman primates, with a particular focus on the computational role of cortico-cortical feedback.

Nathan W. Herschler, New England Anti-Vivisection Society

As Executive Director of the New England Anti-Vivisection Society (NEAVS) and its educational affiliate, Ethical Science Education Coalition (ESEC), Nathan Herschler brings his long-standing commitment and expertise in animal protection, program design, and strategic planning to his leadership of NEAVS. He received his B.A. in 2005 from Wheaton College and his J.D. in 2008 from the American University, Washington College of Law. Nathan began work in 2008 at the International Fund for Animal Welfare as a staff attorney and later served that organization as Program Operations Director and Deputy Vice President for International Operations, where he managed program budgeting, strategic planning, monitoring and evaluation, and staff development initiatives.  Among Nathan’s credentials, he is a Senior Fellow of the Environmental Leadership Program as well as a member of the Maryland State Bar Association.

Bernadette Juarez, US Department of Agriculture – Animal Plant and Health Inspection Services

Bernadette Juarez, Deputy Administrator, Animal Care (AC) Program, Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service (APHIS), U.S. Department of Agriculture (USDA). Ms. Juarez leads the program’s employees (approximately 210) in protecting and ensuring the welfare of millions of animals nationwide that are covered under the Animal Welfare Act (AWA) and the Horse Protection Act (HPA).  She also oversees the collaborative work done at AC’s Center for Animal Welfare, building critical partnerships domestically and internationally, while seeking to improve regulatory practices and develop training and educational resources.  Prior to being named Deputy Administrator in February 2016, Ms. Juarez served with APHIS’ Investigative and Enforcement Services (IES), first as Deputy Director for nearly 5 years and then as Director beginning in 2013, where she led a team of 135 investigators, enforcement specialists, analysts, and administrative personnel who conduct investigations of alleged violations of APHIS-administered statutes and regulations, and pursue appropriate enforcement action.  Before joining IES, Ms. Juarez served as a trial attorney in USDA’s Office of the General Counsel for over six years, and represented the Administrator of APHIS in nearly 50 AWA administrative proceedings and a record setting HPA disciplinary proceeding resulting in $117,700 in civil penalties and a ten-year disqualification period.

Lisa Moses, Harvard Medical School & MSPCA-Angell Animal Medical Center

Lisa Moses is a practicing veterinarian, a research fellow at Harvard Medical School’s Center for Bioethics and a bioethics scholar at the Yale Interdisciplinary Center for Bioethics. She completed a fellowship in bioethics at the Harvard Medical School Center for Bioethics and received her veterinary degree from the University of Pennsylvania. She also holds a faculty fellow position at Cummings Tufts School of Veterinary Medicine Center for Animals and Public Policy. After completing an internship, residency and board certification in small animal internal medicine, Dr. Moses’ was a senior staff member in the Emergency and Critical Care Medicine Section for over a dozen years before founding the Pain and Palliative Care Service at the MSPCA-Angell Animal Medical Center in Boston, Massachusetts. The Pain and Palliative Care Service is a unique program that assesses and treats complex cases of pain in all companion animal species. The service also provides comprehensive palliative care for animals with long term chronic illness and end-of-life patients. In addition to her clinical practice, Dr. Moses conducts research on moral distress and ethical conflict in veterinary medicine. She established and runs an ethics consultation service and monthly animal ethics discussion group in addition to being a frequent lecturer in veterinary ethics to students, veterinary professionals and animal shelter personnel. She also provides ethics consultation to outside veterinary academic institutions, veterinary hospitals, zoological, and animal welfare organizations regarding issues such as euthanasia decision making, medical errors and use of pets in clinical research. Dr. Moses began her career as an animal welfare officer in a large animal shelter in rural Oregon, which shaped much of her interest in animal use and animal ethics. Her research interests include moral distress and ethical dilemmas in clinical veterinary practice, the ethics of advanced veterinary medicine and end of life care, and the ethics of using animals for human therapy and service.

Kenneth Oye, Massachusetts Institute of Technology

Kenneth Oye is Director of the Program on Emerging Technologies and Professor of Political Science and Data, Systems and Society at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). His work in technology policy and international relations focuses on adaptive regulation of rapidly changing technologies, with emphasis on synthetic biology and pharmaceuticals.

His papers on synthetic biology include: “Revisit NIH Biosafety Guidelines” (Science 2017); “Regulating Gene Drives” (Science 2014); “Regulate Home Brew Opiates” (Nature 2015); “iGEM as a Testbed for Risk Management,” (ACSSynBio 2014) and “Shaping Ecological Risk Research for SynBio.” (J Env Studies Sci, 2014).

His papers on biomedical innovation have appeared in Clinical Pharmacology and Therapeutics, with papers treating adaptive  licensing in the European Union, United States and Japan (2013, 2014, 2016), E2E trials (2014) and enhanced data utilization and integration (2015).

His books in international relations includes Cooperation under Anarchy, Economic Discrimination and Political Exchange and four symposia on Carter, Reagan and Bush foreign policy, Eagle Entangled, Eagle Defiant, Eagle Resurgent and Eagle in a New World.Professor Oye holds appointments in the MIT Synthetic Biology Center and Center for Biomedical Innovation, chairs the Broad Institute Foundry and iGEM Safety Committees, and serves on the advisory committee of the International Risk Governance Center. He has served as an invited expert for the UNBWC, WHO, NSABB, OSTP-PCAST, NAS, Defense Intelligence Board and EMA. Before joining the MIT faculty, he taught at Harvard University, the University of California, Princeton University and Swarthmore College as was a guest scholar at the Brookings Institution. He holds a BA in Economics and Political Science with Highest Honors from Swarthmore College and a Ph.D in Political Science with the Chase Dissertation Prize from Harvard University.

Professor Oye holds appointments in the MIT Synthetic Biology Center and Center for Biomedical Innovation, chairs the Broad Institute Foundry and iGEM Safety Committees, and serves on the advisory committee of the International Risk Governance Center. He has served as an invited expert for the UNBWC, WHO, NSABB, OSTP-PCAST, NAS, Defense Intelligence Board and EMA. Before joining the MIT faculty, he taught at Harvard University, the University of California, Princeton University and Swarthmore College as was a guest scholar at the Brookings Institution.  He holds a BA in Economics and Political Science with Highest Honors from Swarthmore College and a Ph.D in Political Science with the Chase Dissertation Prize from Harvard University.

Lawrence B. Schook, University of Illinois

Lawrence B. Schook is an Edward William and Jane Marr Gutsgell Professor of Animal Sciences and Radiology and previously served as the Vice President for Research at the University of Illinois, overseeing the technology commercialization and economic development activities across the University’s three campuses (Urbana-Champaign, Chicago, Springfield). Schook is a recognized international scholar in comparative genomics and is known for leading the pig genome-sequencing project, which has provided researchers insights into human cancer and other chronic diseases. He is a noted entrepreneur who has launched two medical application startup companies and is a Fellow at the Academy for Entrepreneurial Leadership. He has served as an advisor to corporations, universities, and government agencies with respect to medical models, genomics, and animal biotechnology. Schook led the effort to develop UI LABS, a Chicago-based research and commercialization collaborative that spun out of the University, and is a founding Board member. He currently serves on the Boards of Trustees for Albion College, the National Academy of Sciences Institute for Laboratory Animal Science Council, the Current Water Innovation Cluster Board, and the Illinois Technology Association Internet of Things Council. He is a member of the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR) Governance Board and co-chairs the Chicago Metro Metals Consortium’s Research & Innovation Subcommittee and the Illinois Manufacturing Laboratory Executive Committee. He previously served on the Board of Managers for the Fermi and Argonne National Laboratories, Illinois Governor Quinn’s Innovation Council, the Biotechnology Industry Organization (BIO) Board of Directors, the BIO Governing Board on Food and Agriculture, the Agricultural Biotechnology International Conference Foundation, and the boards of multiple biotechnology companies. He served as Chair for the International Swine Genome Sequencing Consortium, a pig genome sequencing collaboration among global academic, government, and industry representatives. Schook attended Albion College (BA, 1972; Distinguished Alumni Award, 1996) and received his MS and PhD from Wayne State University School of Medicine. He is an elected Fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and was a Fulbright Distinguished Chair in genomics at the University of Salzburg. He has mentored 75 students and 20 postdoctoral fellows, has written more than 250 published works, has edited six books, and is founding editor of Animal Biotechnology.

Carmel Shachar, Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics at Harvard Law School

Carmel Shachar, JD, MPH, is the Executive Director of the Petrie-Flom Center for Health Law Policy, Biotechnology, and Bioethics at Harvard Law School. She is responsible for oversight of the Center’s sponsored research portfolio, event programming, fellowships, student engagement, development, and a range of other projects and collaborations. She is Co-Lead of the Center’s Involvement with the Regulatory Foundations, Ethics, and Law Program of Harvard Catalyst | The Harvard Clinical and Translational Science Center. In addition, she will be Co-Editor of the Center’s collaborative health policy blog, Bill of Health. Carmel’s scholarship focuses on law and health policy, in particular the regulation of access to care for vulnerable individuals, health care anti-discrimination law and policy, and the use of all-payer claims databases in health care research. Carmel is also a Lecturer at Law on Harvard Law School, where she co-teaches a course on “Health Care Rights in the Twenty-First Century.” Carmel was previously a Clinical Instructor on Law at the Center for Health Law and Policy Innovation at Harvard Law School (CHLPI), where she helped lead CHLPI’s access to care and Affordable Care Act implementation work. During her time at CHLPI, Carmel focused on analyzing and translating health policy issues and opportunities for a broad range of audiences, including many federal and state-level health policy coalitions. She also coordinated and led a major multi-state initiative to document discriminatory benefit designs on the health insurance Marketplaces. Carmel previously practiced health care law at Ropes & Gray, LLP in Boston, Massachusetts. Carmel currently serves on the board of the Fishing Partnership Support Services as well as on the Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee of Boston University. Carmel graduated cum laude from Harvard Law School, where she was a student fellow at the Petrie-Flom Center, and the Harvard T. H. Chan School of Public Health.

Jerrold Tannenbaum, UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine

Jerrold Tannenbaum is Professor Emeritus at the UC Davis School of Veterinary Medicine, where he taught required courses in veterinary law and ethics from 1999 to 2013. He taught these subjects for seventeen years at Tufts University School of Veterinary Medicine, where he helped to found that school’s signature program in Ethics and Values and its Masters program in Animals and Public Policy. At Davis, he also taught an undergraduate course in animal ethics for animal science and animal biology students for eight years, and from 2003 to 2015 offered the first course in animal law at the UC Davis School of Law. Mr. Tannenbaum did his undergraduate work in philosophy at Cornell University and graduate work in philosophy at The Rockefeller University and Cornell. He was an Assistant Professor of philosophy at the University of California Santa Barbara. He is a graduate of Harvard Law School and was an Assistant District Attorney in New York County, New York (Manhattan). His recent publications include “What is Animal Law?”, Cleveland State Law Review, Vol. 61, No. 4, December 2013, available at http://engagedscholarship.csuohio.edu/clevstlrev/vol61/iss4/4; “Russell and Burch’s 3Rs Then and Now: The Need for Clarity in Definition and Purpose” (with B. Taylor Bennett), Journal of the American Association for Laboratory Animal Science (JAALAS), Vol. 54 No. 2, March 2015; “Ethics in the Use of Animal Models of Seizures and Epilepsy” (chapter), in A. Pitkänen, P.S. Buckmaster, A.S. Galanopoulou, and S.L Moshé (editors), Models of Seizure and Epilepsy, 2d. ed., Academic Press, 2017; and “Ethics in Biomedical Animal Research: The Key Role of the Investigator” (chapter), in P. Michael Conn (editor), Animal Models for the Study of Human Disease, 2d. ed., Academic Press, 2017.

Delcianna J. Winders, PETA Foundation & Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University

Delcianna Winders is vice president and deputy general counsel for Captive Animal Law Enforcement for the PETA Foundation and a Haub Environmental Visiting Scholar at the Elisabeth Haub School of Law at Pace University. Delci’s legal advocacy pushes authorities to create and enforce laws designed to help captive animals who are suffering in roadside zoos or beaten into performing in circuses, and her scholarship focuses on the intersection of administrative and animal law. She recently completed a two-year stint as Harvard’s first-ever Animal Law & Policy academic fellow, has published in media outlets and law reviews across the country, and was featured in O, The Oprah Magazine as one of “Six Women Who Dare.”