October 28-29, 2019

Balcony A of Building 45 (the Natcher Building), NIH Bethesda Campus

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View Monday Oct 28 workshop webcast here.
View Tuesday Oct 29 workshop webcast here.
Submit your questions for discussion to ILAR-Roundtable@nas.edu.

This workshop will explore and characterize aspects of the complex scientific, ethical, and occupational health issues associated with human-animal interactions (HAI) in the biomedical research environment. The workshop will consider the full range of people who are involved in animal care and use in biomedical research settings. Workshop discussions will include potential workplace impacts and relevant tools, processes, and lessons learned from existing programs focused on the impacts of HAI in research settings. The workshop will be webcast and a Proceedings will be published following the event.

This workshop is sponsored by the ILAR Roundtable. We are particularly grateful to: NIH Events Management, NIH Office of Research Services/Division of Veterinary Resources (ORS/DVR), NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW), and NIH Office of Animal Care and Use (OACU), as well as AALAS for their additional support for this event.

Context:

Human-animal interactions have major significance for the animal sciences and veterinary medical sciences. The nature of this work is complex, and there are individuals in roles at all levels of engagement in this system who have a wide variety of interchanges with animals. Given the scope of human interactions with animals in the biomedical research setting and based on the current understanding of human-animal interactions, there is a broad range of potential impacts on occupational health for many individuals involved in this enterprise. Openness and transparency about the care for and use of animals in the biomedical research setting also has potentially significant impacts (both positive and negative) on those who interact with animals in biomedical research settings. Systematic studies on metrics to identify, monitor, and evaluate the workplace impacts of human-animal interactions and the effectiveness of associated programs in biomedical research environments are lacking.

Objectives:

This workshop will explore and characterize aspects of the complex scientific, ethical, and occupational health issues associated with human-animal interactions in the biomedical research environment. The workshop will consider the full range of people who are involved in animal care and use in biomedical research settings, including research scientists, their staff and students, laboratory animal facilities managers, animal care staff, veterinarians and members of Institutional Animal Care and Use Committees (IACUCs). This workshop will also consider possible metrics that, in combination with other contextual information, could shed light on potential workplace impacts (e.g., worker attendance, disability claims, injuries, complaints, and compliance records). Relevant tools, processes, and lessons learned from existing programs that are focused on the impacts of human-animal interactions in the biomedical research environment also will be explored. These discussions can help to inform a framework that could guide development of programs at other institutions.

Planning Committee:

Bruce W. Kennedy, Chapman University
Bruce W. Kennedy is the IACUC administrator at Chapman University and a lecturer on lab animal science at California State Polytechnic University, Pomona (CPP). He received his BS degree in zoology and MS in avian sciences at the University of California, Davis, and his EdD in educational leadership at CPP. His career is a mix of animals, chemistry, training, and people, which started in California and included 19 years in Virginia and Maryland, in research and academic institutions, conducting and managing studies with experimental animals in the disciplines of nutrition, physiology, and developmental biology. Dr. Kennedy started in lab animal science using coturnix quail for his graduate thesis in nutritional toxicology. He has also worked at the bench (analytical chemistry) with dogs in protein metabolism and rats in carbohydrate nutrition studies (USDA), writing Good Laboratory Practice toxicology reports (Hazleton), preparing experimental diets with test substances (FDA), and managing mouse facilities (NIH and Caltech). He was responsible for regulatory compliance at CPP, administering both the lab animal and the human subjects research committees and assisting graduate students and PIs in their research efforts. After receiving his Laboratory Animal Technologist certification, he inaugurated a lab animal training course for USDA. He holds both the Certified Manager of Animal Resources and the Certified Professional IACUC Administrator certifications. Bruce is past president of the Laboratory Animal Welfare Training Exchange and American Association of Laboratory Animal Science (AALAS). He has served on the AALAS education, certification, and the scientific advisory committees. He is a director of the California Society for Biomedical Research. He is a recipient of the B&K Institute of Animal Technology, the AALAS George R. Collins for training and educating in laboratory animal science, and the Purina lab animal tech awards. He served as an ad hoc specialist with AAALAC International.
J. Preston Van Hooser, University of Washington
J. Preston Van Hooser, BS, is a Review Scientist and Compliance Manager in the Office of Animal Welfare, and an IACUC member at the University of Washington (UW). For the past seventeen years, Preston has worked in this role to protect the integrity and excellence of vertebrate animal research and teaching at the UW and in more recent years, with regards to the subject matter being discussed, has overseen the successful development and implementation of the UWs Compassion in Science Program: Dare 2 Care (D2C). Van Hooser currently serves as Chair of the D2C committee and has presented on the subject matter at local and national conferences. He feels that it is important to move one-step further on the topic of compassion in science as it relates to the human-animal bond and the benefits of caring in order to start providing laboratory animal professionals and researchers with the tools and strategies needed to help ameliorate and reduce compassion fatigue, an area often overlooked in the field of animal science.Preston earned his BS in Zoology from the College of Idaho, Caldwell, ID, and began his research career in 1991 (UW Department of Ophthalmology) where his research efforts led to numerous professional publications and the restoration of sight in a mouse model of Leber’s Congenital Amaurosis (LCA), a rare inherited eye disease that appears early in life. He serves on several boards, including the Northwest Association for Biomedical Research (NWABR), is a member of several professional organizations including AALAS and PRIM&R, and is President & CEO of InVision BioResources, a Seattle based Biotech Company that provides incidental ocular tissues to the vision research community, globally.
Sally Thompson-Iritani, Washington National Primate Research Center
Sally Thompson-Iritani, DVM, PhD, CPIA, CCFP, CHABP is the Director of Animal Welfare and Research Support and Associate Director for the Washington National Primate Research Center (WaNPRC) at the University of Washington (UW). She has experience in both industry and academia as a laboratory animal veterinarian, IACUC administrator, facility manager and preclinical researcher; she is certified as an IACUC Administrator (Prim&R), Compassion Fatigue Professional (IATP) and Human Animal Bond Practitioner (AVMA). Her work at the WaNPRC involves strategic planning and oversight of the daily care and support of the animals, research, and animal caregivers that work with the animals. Areas of emphasis include human animal bond and how it impacts Compassion Fatigue (CF) for animal caregivers, novel ways to support animal welfare and decrease regulatory burden by standardization of procedures (CUSP (Compliance Unit Standard Procedures)), and utilization of Positive Reinforcement Training (PRT) to minimize stress when working with research animals.
Mary Ann Vasbinder, GlaxoSmithKline
Mary Ann Vasbinder, DVM, DACLAM works for GlaxoSmithKline in Upper Providence, Pennsylvania where she leads the Global Laboratory Animal Medicine team in the Translational Medicine and Comparative Pathobiology department. She works with national advocacy efforts through Chairmanship of the Institutional Official Consortium (IOC), part of the Innovation Quotient Consortium. She serves as the Past President of the North American 3Rs Collaborative, an organization dedicated to advancement of collaboration in the 3Rs sciences. Mary Ann received her veterinary degree from the University of Florida in 1995. She attended a residency training program at North Carolina State University from 1995-1997. She served as the Attending Veterinarian at GlaxoSmithKline (GSK) for the Research Triangle Park program from 2006-2010. Her professional interests lie in animal housing, global animal care and use programs, animal behavior, enrichment, training and advocation for a culture of care.
Barbara Natterson-Horowitz, University of California, Los Angeles
Dr. Barbara-Natterson Horowitz is a cardiologist and professor at Harvard University and UCLA. By traversing disciplines her work is redefining the boundaries of medicine and generating new strategies for treating and preventing some of the greatest threats to our physical and mental health. In 2019 she was selected as keynote speaker for the Nobel Conference in Stockholm, Sweden. Her New York Times bestseller ZOOBIQUITY received numerous accolades including Smithsonian Top Book of 2012, Discover Magazine Best Book of 2012, China Times Best Book of 2013, and was a Finalist in the American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)’s Excellence in Science Books Award. It has been translated into seven languages and has been chosen as Common Read at universities across the country. In their new book, WILDHOOD, Natterson-Horowitz and co-author Kathryn Bowers present the results of a decade-long study which disproves the longstanding assumption that adolescence and its challenges are uniquely human. WILDHOOD presents the animal kingdom as an overlooked source of powerful insights for understanding human adolescent anxiety, bullying, social media obsession and the challenges of transitioning into the adult world. Natterson-Horowitz is President of the International Society for Evolution, Medicine and Public Health.
Patricia Turner, Charles River Laboratories
Patricia Turner, MS, DVM, DVSc, is a laboratory animal veterinarian and pathologist who works as Corporate Vice-President, Global Animal Welfare for Charles River Laboratories. In this role, she is responsible for assessing welfare risks and developing animal welfare policy and related training for the company’s sites around the world. Previously, Turner worked as a tenured professor in the Department of Pathobiology at the University of Guelph, where she was also Program Leader for Laboratory Animal Science and managed the university’s laboratory animal diagnostic pathology core. Her lab conducted research in areas of both infectious disease and applied animal welfare, and she taught comparative medicine and pathology, toxicology, and animal welfare undergraduate and graduate programs. Turner completed a BSc in Biochemistry (McMaster University) and an MSc in Pharmacology (Dalhousie University), prior to a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine degree at the Ontario Veterinary College. After two years of mixed practice, she returned to the University of Guelph for a Doctorate in Veterinary Sciences degree in Comparative Pathology. Turner worked as Director of Animal Care Services and Assistant Professor of Pathology at Queen’s University and later worked for Warner-Lambert and Pfizer as a toxicology team representative in preclinical safety testing. Turner is a Diplomate of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), the American Board of Toxicology (ABT), and the European College of Animal Welfare and Behavioral Medicine (ECAWBM) specializing in Welfare Science, Ethics, and Law. She is current President-Elect of the World Veterinary Association, an author and co-editor of a number of chapters and books on animal welfare, laboratory animal medicine, and small mammal pathology, and the 2016 recipient of the AALAS Griffin Award.

View workshop information on the National Academies Project and Activities Repository