Performance Standards Workshop Planning Committee
David M. Kurtz (Co-Chair)
David M. Kurtz received his veterinary medical degree from the University of Tennessee in 1989. He completed a residency in Laboratory Animal Medicine at the University of Alabama – Birmingham (UAB) in 1993 and obtained a PhD in Molecular and Cellular Pathology in 1998. His doctoral research focused on the molecular aspects of inborn errors of lipid metabolism. Dr. Kurtz performed a post-doctoral fellowship in the Cardiology Division at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis (WUSTL) focusing on the regulation of metabolic gene expression by nuclear hormone receptors. At WUSTL, Dr. Kurtz also served as a clinical laboratory animal veterinarian in the Division of Comparative Medicine. He became research faculty at WUSTL in 2000 with research funding from the National Center for Research Resources (NCRR) under a Special Emphasis Research Career Award (SERCA – K01) and the WUSTL Diabetes Research Training – Program Project. From 2003 to 2011, Dr. Kurtz served as the Attending Veterinarian at the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency – National Health and Environmental Effects Research Laboratory in Research Triangle Park, North Carolina and became board certified by the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM) in 2005. Between 2005 and 2011, Dr. Kurtz also served as the Attending Veterinarian for The Hamner Institutes of Health Sciences and Integrated Laboratory Systems, Inc. both located in Research Triangle Park, NC. Since 2011, Dr. Kurtz has served as a Staff Scientist in the Comparative Medicine Branch (CMB) of the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS) and currently is the Head of the Quality Assurance Laboratory.
Patricia V. Turner (Co-Chair)
Patricia V. Turner, DVSc is a Professor in the Department of Pathobiology and Program Leader of graduate studies in Laboratory Animal Science at the University of Guelph. She also manages the campus laboratory animal diagnostic pathology core and provides consultative laboratory animal pathology services. Her research interests include infectious diseases of laboratory animals, the influence of environment on rodent affective state, and anesthesia, analgesia, and euthanasia of laboratory animals. She holds a BSc in Biochemistry from McMaster University, an MSc in Pharmacology from Dalhousie University, a DVM from the Ontario Veterinary College, and a DVSc in Comparative Pathology from the University of Guelph. Following post-doctoral work at McGill University, she worked as Director of Animal Care Services and Assistant Professor of Pathology at Queen’s University. She later worked for Warner-Lambert and Pfizer as a toxicology team representative in preclinical safety testing. Turner teaches laboratory animal medicine and pathology, animal welfare, and toxicologic pathology at the University of Guelph and is a Diplomate of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine (ACLAM), the American Board of Toxicology (ABT), and the European College of Animal Welfare and Behavioural Medicine (ECAWBM). She is currently President of the International Association of Colleges of Laboratory Animal Medicine (IACLAM), a Councilor for the World Veterinary Association (WVA), and a Council Member for the Association for Assessment and Accreditation of Laboratory Animal Care, International (AAALAC).
David M. Anderson
David M. Anderson, DVM has directed a significant portion of his career towards biomedical research, specifically through development and implementation of animal models to address complex issues of human health and biology. Dr. Anderson’s current responsibilities as Executive Director for Health Science Administration provide opportunities for leadership across a variety of University research and operational activities. The Office of Health Science Administration provides administrative oversight and financial supervision for three interdisciplinary research Centers as well as departments with responsibility for environmental health and safety, facilities and academic support, risk management, animal use in research and education, student and staff health care, and strategic communications. In addition, Health Science Administration provides support for interdisciplinary initiatives involving the six health sciences schools: Dentistry, Medicine, Nursing, Pharmacy, Public Health, and Social Work. Dr. Anderson serves to integrate teaching, research, and operational support with an emphasis on efficiency and continuous process improvement. Health Science Administration units play a critical role in maintaining the University’s current and future status as one of the preeminent education and research institutions in the world.
Janet C. Garber
Janet C. Garber, DVM, PhD received her DVM degree from Iowa State University and her Ph.D. from the University of Wisconsin. Her experiences have included infectious disease research, primate medicine and research, GLP device and materials evaluation, and transplantation immunology. She most recently was Vice President, Safety Assessment, at Baxter Healthcare Corporation and is now a consultant with Garber Consulting, LLC in North Carolina, focusing on research facility management. Dr. Garber is currently an ad hoc consultant for AAALAC, International, and previously served as Chair of the AAALAC Council. She recently chaired the ILAR Committee to Update the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals.
Andrew W. Grady
Andrew W. Grady, DVM serves as the Director of the Laboratory Animal Facilities and Attending Veterinarian for the University Medical Center. Dr. Grady received his veterinary medical degree from Mississippi State University (1986) and specialty training in laboratory animal medicine from the University of Missouri (1991). Additionally, he completed an Aquatic Medicine residency in 1987. Diplomate status with the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine was achieved in 1992. He has directed the Medical Center’s LAF organization since 1993. Dr. Grady serves as a Council Member for AAALAC International. Continuing education includes attendance at national meetings, electronic/computer information sources, institution-sponsored training seminars and reading laboratory animal journals.
Donna Matthews Jarrell
Donna Matthews Jarrell, DVM has managed laboratory animal programs in government, industry, and academia throughout her 24 years in animal program management. She has led programs with operating budgets ranging from $2M – $15M. Donna joined Massachusetts General Hospital (MGH) as the Associate Director, Center for Comparative Medicine (CCM) in late 2002 and was promoted to Director, CCM and the Attending Veterinarian for MGH in January 2013. Over 1/3 of the $700 million plus research budget at MGH involves animal models with research performed by more than 300 Principal Investigators and over 3000 research staff. The CCM is responsible for providing all laboratory animal and veterinary care in support of these research endeavors. On any given day, there are approximately 100,000 rodents and other species of research animals housed in MGH research facilities. As the Director, she leads a department of ~150 staff including a senior leadership team, veterinarians, program and facility managers, veterinary technicians, animal care staff and administrative staff. Dr. Jarrell received both her undergraduate and veterinary degrees from North Carolina State University. She became board certified in the veterinary specialty of Laboratory Animal Medicine in 1996. Donna began her veterinary career working for the National Institutes of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. She served over 10 years as a Commissioned Officer in the Public Health Service rising to the rank of Lt. Commander. After leaving the government, Dr. Jarrell moved to Massachusetts and served as the Attending Veterinarian and Director of Veterinary Services at a Massachusetts contract research organization and then at Millennium Pharmaceuticals, Inc. in Cambridge. She joined MGH in 2002. One of her greatest accomplishments experienced during her MGH tenure is in leadership and operations management. She introduced the Toyota Production System/Lean Management as the department’s operations strategy in 2004 after first learning about it at the Harvard Business School. In 2006 she earned an Executive Education Certificate from The General Managers Program at the HBS. In addition to her duties at the MGH, she has served as an Adjunct Associate Professor at the North Carolina State University College of Veterinary Medicine and at the State University of New York-Delhi where she taught an on-line course in lab operations management. Donna has made numerous presentations at the regional, national and international levels on the topic of TPS/Lean Management in the research & development arena.
Guy B. Mulder
Guy B. Mulder, DVM is the Executive Director of Veterinary and Professional Services at Charles River Laboratories and he serves as the Attending Veterinarian for North American Research Models and Services. His responsibilities include regulatory, technical, and clinical oversight of commercial rodent and rabbit production and surgical services. Dr. Mulder is active in numerous professional organizations including American Association for Laboratory Animal Science, American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine, American Society of Laboratory Animal Practitioners, Laboratory Animal Breeders Association, and he serves as an ad hoc site visitor with AAALAC, International. Prior to joining Charles River Laboratories, Dr. Mulder was Director and Attending Veterinarian for University Laboratory Animal Resources at the University of California, Irvine. Before entering the field of laboratory animal medicine, Dr. Mulder practiced small animal medicine in Seattle, Washington. Dr. Mulder is a Diplomate of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine. He completed postdoctoral training and received his Master of Science degree in Comparative Medicine from the University of Washington, his DVM degree from Washington State University, and his Bachelor of Science degree from Willamette University.
Randall J. Nelson
Randall J. Nelson, PhD received a BS in Psychology from Duke University in 1975 and completed his doctoral degree in Anatomy from Vanderbilt University in 1979. Following a postdoctoral fellowship at the University of California at San Francisco, he was a Staff Fellow at the National Institutes of Health, first in the Laboratory of Neurophysiology, and finally in the Laboratory of Neuropsychology, both at NIMH. Dr. Nelson came to The University of Tennessee Health Science Center (UTHSC) in 1984 and is currently Professor of Anatomy and Neurobiology, Associate Vice Chancellor for Research, and Director of the Anatomical Bequest Program. Dr. Nelson served on the UTHSC IACUC for 12 years (three as Chair) before becoming the Director of the Office of Research Compliance ten years ago. He is currently the Institutional Official for Animal Care and Use, an Alternate Responsible Official for Select Agents and is the Human Protections Administrator. He has served as a member of several NIH study sections and was continuously funded for 29 years during which he conducted research into the control of hand movement. Dr. Nelson has been a council member of the Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR). He served on the ILAR Journal Board, and the committees that developed the ILAR reports on Guidelines for the Care and Use of Mammals in Neuroscience and Behavioral Research and the Scientific and Humane Issues in the Use of Random Source Dogs and Cats in Research. He was named a National Associate of the National Research Council (NRC) for his pro bono publico work on NRC’s behalf. He was a member of the Committee on Animal Research of the Society for Neuroscience and was an ad hoc consultant and is now a specialist for AAALAC. He is a member of the Board of Trustees of SCAW and currently serves as Board President and Interim Executive Director. Dr. Nelson has written several animal research-related modules for the CITI Program and serves on its Program Advisory Committee which functions as one of its governance boards. Dr. Nelson serves his community through active participation as a leader in the Boy Scouts of America. He is an Assistant Scoutmaster, Council Vice President for Program, Order of the Arrow Chapter Advisor and recently served as a Wood Badge Course Director.
Mary Ann Vasbinder, DVM
Mary Ann Vasbinder, DVM, PhD received her veterinary degree from the University of Florida in 1995. She attended a residency training program at North Carolina State University from 1995-1997 and became ACLAM board certified in 2001. She served as the Attending Veterinarian at the Research Triangle Park program from 2006-2010. Mary Ann led a team to establish performance standards for dog care and housing programs for global GS in 2008. She is now a member of the Office of Animal Welfare, Ethics and Strategy and serves as the Head of Corporate 3Rs Responsibility and Training Strategy. Her professional interests lie in animal housing, global animal care and use programs, environmental enrichment and training programs.
Performance Standards Workshop Speakers and Panelists
John Bradfield is the Senior Director for AAALAC International. He has served as Director of the Division of Laboratory Animal Medicine and Attending Veterinarian at UNC, Chapel Hill,
and also as Chair for the Department of Comparative Medicine at East Carolina University. He has had many years experience on animal care and use committees and currently serves on the Board of Directors of the North Carolina Academy of Laboratory Animal Medicine.
John A. Bryan II
John A. Bryan II is a public service assistant and wildlife veterinarian focusing on issues involving exotic invasive species and wildlife disease at the Southeastern Cooperative Wildlife Disease Study (SCWDS). Dr. Bryan is a native Georgian who received his undergraduate education from Emory University, and his professional and graduate degrees from the University of Georgia. Following graduation from veterinary school, Dr. Bryan received post-doctoral training at SCWDS in the diagnosis, pathology, and epidemiology of wildlife disease. From 2009 to 2015, Dr. Bryan served as served as chair and attending veterinarian of the National Park Service (NPS) Institutional Animal Care and Use Committee, Veterinary Diagnostic Service Coordinator, and as a Field Wildlife Veterinarian the Biological Resource Management Division of NPS. In 2015, Dr. Bryan returned to SCWDS as a Public Service Assistant and Wildlife Veterinarian focusing on issues involving exotic invasive species and wildlife disease. He lives in Ila, Georgia with his family and their four dogs.
Bart Carter is a veterinarian with 25 years of experience working with a variety of agricultural animals in both private practice and research settings. He grew up in a small farming community in rural Missouri and attended the University of Missouri as an undergraduate student of Animal Sciences and graduated from the College of Veterinary Medicine in 1990. Dr. Carter worked in a private veterinary practice for 9 years as a large animal practitioner in Kentucky and Missouri. He then left private practice to return to the University of Missouri to complete a residency in Comparative Medicine. As part of his training, he received a Master’s of Science degree working with cloned and genetically modified pigs. After completing his residency, Dr. Carter continued at the University of Missouri serving as the Assistant Director of the Office of Animal Resources and later, moved to Kansas State University where he was the Attending Veterinarian and Director of the Animal Research Facilities. In 2008, he moved to his current position, as the Director of Animal Resources and Attending Veterinarian for the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center. He served as an AAALAC International ad hoc consultant for several years and is currently a member of the AAALAC International Council on Accreditation. He has been a consulting veterinarian to several Universities and biotech companies who utilize agricultural animals in research.
Judy MacArthur Clark
Judy MacArthur Clark has worked for over 35 years in animal welfare and research in a variety of academic and commercial roles. For over 20 years she has consulted on ethical policy development and improving public understanding of science. She is a veterinarian and has been President of the UK Royal College of Veterinary Surgeons. She has chaired and served as a member of many high level national and international advisory committees on topics such as xenotransplantation, farm animal welfare, research regulation and bioethics. In 2004, her achievements were recognised in her appointment by the Queen as Commander of the British Empire. In 2007 she joined the UK Home Office as Chief Inspector and is now Head of
the Animals in Science Regulation Unit. She actively works on research regulation and policy development in the UK, Europe and the USA.
Carol Clarke received her Bachelor’s degree in the Natural Sciences from Johns Hopkins University and her DVM degree from the Tuskegee School of Veterinary Medicine. After receiving her DVM, she practiced small animal medicine in New York City for 13 years before entering the laboratory animal medicine training program at SmithKline Beecham Pharmaceuticals located in King of Prussia, PA. Upon completion of the program, she entered the National Institutes of Health in 1998 as the primate facility veterinarian for the Veterinary Resources Program. In 2001, she accepted a position with the Comparative Medicine Branch of the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID) at NIH and became a Diplomate of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine in 2005. During her 10 years with NIAID, she served as IACUC coordinator, Vice Chair of the Rodent Gnotobiotic Committee, and Chief of Shared and Central Facility Operations. In addition, she prepared all USDA, OLAW, and AAALAC annual reports. Dr. Clarke accepted a position with the US Department of Agriculture in 2011, and currently serves as the Research Program Manager at APHIS Headquarters located in Riverdale, MD. Her duties include serving as a laboratory animal subject matter expert, participating in inspections, collaborating with other Federal agencies, and representing Animal Care at various meetings.
Gilly Griffin is the Director of Standards at the Canadian Council on Animal Care, where she has worked for the past 19 years. She trained as a physiologist in the UK and has a background in both biomedical and agricultural research, the common link being the study of insulin and related hormones. Dr. Griffin has also spent many years working to further the concept of the Three Rs: as a research scientist; as managing editor of ATLA, the peer-review journal published by the UK-based Fund for the Replacement of Animals in Medical Experiments; and as Executive Director of the Canadian Centre for Alternatives to Animals in Research. She now heads the Standards sector of the CCAC, where she continues to develop guidelines, champion the principles of the Three Rs, and foster national and international collaborations to improve the ethical use of animals in science.
Neil S. Lipman
Neil S. Lipman is Executive Director of the Center of Comparative Medicine and Pathology, serving the Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer Center (MSKCC) and the Weill Medical College of Cornell University and is Professor of Veterinary Medicine in Pathology and Laboratory Medicine at Weill Cornell as well as a Laboratory Member at the Sloan-Kettering Institute at MSKCC. Dr. Lipman, a graduate of the University of Pennsylvania’s School of Veterinary Medicine, completed postdoctoral training in Comparative Medicine at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). He is a Diplomate of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine with over 25 years of experience in laboratory animal medicine and science. He has held professional and faculty appointments at MIT, Brown University, Tufts University and the University of Chicago. Dr. Lipman has expertise in vivarium design, engineering, and operations, having designed over 1.5 million gross square feet of vivarium space in the US and overseas. He served on the committee for the update of the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals 8th Edition. His research interests are principally translational and include development and analysis of new technologies, the characterization and development of animal models, understanding the etiopathogenesis of endocrine disorders affecting laboratory animal species, and development and analysis of novel therapeutic strategies. Throughout his career, Dr. Lipman has been extensively involved in the postgraduate training of laboratory animal specialists.
Kenneth Litwak is the Laboratory Animal Advisor for the Animal Welfare Institute (AWI), based in Washington, D.C. Prior to joining AWI, Dr. Litwak spent nearly 20 years in academia, as an assistant professor at the University of Pittsburgh and University of Louisville, then as the attending veterinarian at the Cleveland Clinic. He received his D.V.M. from Kansas State University and his Ph.D. from Wake Forest University. He has authored or co-authored over 40 publications.
Paul Locke is an environmental health scientist and attorney, an Associate Professor at the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health in the Department of Environmental Health Sciences, and Distinguished Visiting Professor of Animal Law and Science at Lewis and Clark Law School in Portland, Oregon. He holds an MPH from Yale University School of Medicine, a DrPH from the Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health and a JD degree from Vanderbilt University School of Law. Dr. Locke is admitted to practice law in the State of New York and the District of Columbia, and before the Southern District Court of New York and the United States Supreme Court. Dr. Locke’s research and practice focus on how decision-makers use environmental health science and toxicology in regulation and policy-making and how environmental health sciences influence the policymaking process. His areas of study include radiation policy, as well as the law of humane science and policy, with an emphasis on how in-vitro and non-mammalian toxicology data can be incorporated into regulatory decision making under US and international laws. He also studies the impact of the legal system on the development of non-mammalian toxicology and alternatives to animals in testing. Dr. Locke directs the School’s Doctor of Public Health program in Environmental Health Sciences and is a faculty member of the Center for Alternatives to Animal Testing and the Center for Law and the Public’s Health. He has published papers in peer-reviewed journals and law reviews, including the New York University Journal of Environmental Law, The Environmental Law Reporter, ALTEX and the Journal of Toxicology and Environmental Health. Dr. Locke has received several awards, including the Yale School of Public Health Alumni Service Award, and the American Public Health Association Environment Section Distinguished Service Award. He has served on 8 National Academy of Sciences (NAS) study committees, including the committee that updated the Guide for the Care and Use of Laboratory Animals. He is a member of the NAS Institute for Laboratory Animal Research (ILAR) Council.
Steven Niemi is Director, Office of Animal Resources for Harvard University’s Faculty of Arts and Sciences. With over 35 years experience in biomedical research and commercial biotechnology, he has held senior management positions in contract drug and device development, gene therapy and genomics start-ups, and laboratory animal care and assurance. Dr. Niemi is a Diplomate and past President of the American College of Laboratory Animal Medicine as well as Chair of the Board of Directors, Massachusetts Society for Medical Research. He also co-chaired the NRC/ILAR Committee on Animal Models for Assessing Countermeasures to Bioterrorism Agents, and chaired the National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences/National Toxicology Program’s Scientific Advisory Committee on Alternative Toxicological Methods. In addition, he has served on the boards of the Biotechnology Industry Organization’s Food and Agriculture Governing Body, ILAR, Illinois Biotechnology Industry Organization, Massachusetts Biotechnology Council, National Association for Biomedical Research, Public Responsibility in Research & Medicine, and the Scientists Center for Animal Welfare, plus numerous national task forces addressing medical product development and lab animal welfare. Dr. Niemi earned an AB in biology from Harvard College, a DVM from Washington State University, and then received a US Public Health Service National Research Service Award while a Postdoctoral Fellow in the Division of Comparative Medicine at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. He later completed the Program for Management Development at the Harvard Business School.
Susan Brust Silk
Susan Brust Silk is the Director of the Division of Policy and Education in the NIH Office of Laboratory Animal Welfare (OLAW) where she oversees the interpretation of Public Health Service Policy on Humane Care and Use of Laboratory Animals regarding the use of animals in research, testing and training at PHS-Assured institutions. She develops and directs educational programs in the ethical and humane care and use of laboratory animals including the OLAW Online webinar programs and the OLAW web resources. Before joining OLAW, Ms. Silk worked at the NIH National Cancer Institute (NCI), Office of the Director as the Senior Scientific Speechwriter and Special Communication Project Developer. She served the NCI Intramural Program as Senior Animal Policy Advisor and Director of the Office of Mice Advice. Ms. Silk has conducted research on murine plasmacytomagenesis at NIH NCI and the Karolinska Institute. She directed transgenic mouse core laboratories at both NIH and the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. Ms. Silk has an MS in Immunology/Genetics from the University of Maryland, a BFA in Design and Fine Art from the Maryland Institute, College of Art.