In one way or another, every landform and creature on Earth reflects the presence of the oceans. Understanding the Earth’s oceans is essential to our understanding of human history, the origin of life, weather and climate, medicines, the environment, and much more. Reports from the National Academies provide in-depth analysis and useful advice for policymakers and the general public on effective stewardship of oceans and coasts.

Topics in Ocean Science

Ocean Exploration

discoveries from the deep, historical voyages, underwater vehicles, satellites and observatories, and underwater archaeology.

Marine Ecosystems & Fisheries

fisheries, food webs, climate, invasive species, fisheries management, bycatch, marine protected areas, and aquaculture.

Oceans & Human Health

drug discovery, marine research models, basic biology, waterborne diseases, tracking and epidemiology, el niño, and algal blooms.

Coastal Hazards

hurricanes, tsunamis, coastal population boom, vulnerability, el niño, forecasting and detection, erosion, and sea-level rise.

Pollution in the Ocean

oil, runoff, cleanup, nutrient pollution, algal blooms, industrial contaminants, seafood safety, contamination, and noise pollution.

Resources for Ocean Protection

Increasing Stewardship Capacity of Oceans and Coasts

programs, case studies, contacts, funding agencies and organizations, education and training programs, and links.

Support for this website was provided by the Presidents’ Circle Communications Initiative of the National Academies.