Posts in category Public Meetings

Third Public Meeting: March 5 – Food Safety

Corn

Food Safety

 

The meeting was held on Thursday, March 5, from 12:30 pm-6:15 pm Eastern at the National Academy of Sciences Keck Center.

The committee heard about the current state of knowledge on the safety of foods made with genetically engineered ingredients. Speakers represented the Food and Drug Administration, the Environmental Protection Agency, and the European Food Safety Authority. Experts also presented on the evaluation of risks of allergy and potential effects on the gastrointestinal tract of GE foods.

This was an information-gathering meeting for the committee in which the speakers are invited to provide input to the committee.

View agenda here

Meeting Recap: This Storify collects the tweets and online discussion that took place at the meeting.

Click the links below to view videos of the presentations and discussions.


Welcome and Intro to the Study Process of the National Research Council

Fred Gould, Committee Chair, University Distinguished Professor of Entomology and Codirector of the Genetic Engineering and Society Center, North Carolina State University and Kara Laney, Study Director, National Research Council


Panel on Food Safety: Regulatory Perspectives

Jason Dietz, Policy Analyst, Office of Food Additive Safety, Food and Drug Administration–Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. bio

Jason Dietz coordinates cross-cutting biotechnology-related activities in the Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. In this role he regularly provides technical and policy input regarding plant biotechnology issues. Mr. Dietz has also served FDA as a consumer safety officer working on projects related to the safety of foods derived from genetically engineered organisms.

William L. Jordan, Deputy Director for Programs, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency– Office of Pesticide Programs. bio

William L. Jordan currently serves as the Deputy Director for Programs in EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP). He works on a wide variety of cross-cutting science and policy issues in areas such as food safety, protections for subjects in human research, pesticide labeling, endangered species protection, and nanotechnology. Mr. Jordan has worked in OPP since 1988, where he played a major role in the development of the legislation which became the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996. He was responsible for coordinating the development of documents describing major science policies EPA applies in implementing this law. In addition, he has been involved in many diverse policy and regulatory actions affecting pesticides, from the implementation of the worker protection standard to trade policy to data requirement regulations. He has served throughout OPP as Director of the Policy and Special Projects Staff, acting Director of the Field Operations Division, Associate Director of the Antimicrobials Division, and Senior Policy Adviser. Prior to OPP, Mr. Jordan worked in EPA’s Office of General Counsel on pesticide and water program activities. He was also a staff member of the President’s Council for a National Agenda for the Eighties. He has a law degree from Georgetown University and an undergraduate degree from Princeton University.

John Kough, Senior Scientist, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency–Office of Pesticide Programs. bio

John Kough joined EPA in 1989 and has worked since then for the biotechnology programs in the Office of Prevention, Pesticides and Toxic Substances. In his work with OPP, Dr. Kough has reviewed the scientific data submitted for all the plant pesticides and many microbial pesticides currently registered, presented EPA’s position at numerous Scientific Advisory Panels, and helped write sections of EPA’s plant-incorporated protectants rule. Dr. Kough received EPA’s Seifter Award for his role in the human health risk assessment of the products of biotechnology. Prior to joining EPA, Dr. Kough was a research project director at IGEN, a biotechnology company specializing in developing monoclonal antibodies for several plant diseases. He received a B.A. degree in biology from Reed College in Portland, Oregon, and a Ph.D. degree in plant pathology from Oregon State University. Dr. Kough did an NSF post-doctoral fellowship in Dijon, France, where he researched Fusarium suppressive soils and the physiology of endomycorrhizal fungi. Dr. Kough was born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania, and raised in the Allegheny Mountains of southwestern Pennsylvania.

Anna Lanzoni, Senior Scientific Officer, European Food Safety Authority–GMO Unit 2:25. bio

Anna Lanzoni is a Senior Scientific Officer in the GMO Unit of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). She is involved in the risk assessment of genetically modified food and feed in the context of European Regulatory framework. In particular she supports the evaluation of toxicological and animal feeding studies provided in dossiers submitted. She is a toxicologic pathologist by training, and before joining EFSA in 2013, she worked at GlaxoSmithKline from 1992 to 2010 supporting the research and development on potential new medicines. Specifically she worked as a toxicologic pathologist in the Safety Assessment/Toxicological Department supporting the preclinical development of new molecules and acting as a safety assessment representative in team projects. In this context, she also participated in the setup and validation of animal models of disease (such as atherosclerosis, stroke, infection rodent models), with particular focus on translation of results to human beings. From 2010 to 2013 she worked for a contract research organisation as Head of Toxicological Pathology. She served as vice president of the Italian Society of Toxicologic Pathology from 2007 to 2010. Dr. Lanzoni holds a DVM from Parma University, Italy, and a Ph.D. in veterinary hygiene from the Milan University, Italy.

Committee Discussion with Presenters


Panel on Food Safety: Potential Health Outcomes

Evaluating GE food sources for risks of allergy: Methods, gaps, and perspectives

Richard Goodman, Research Professor, Food Allergy Research and Resource Program, University of Nebraska–Lincoln. bio

Richard Goodman joined the Department of Food Science and Technology in the Food Allergy Research and Resource Program at the University of Nebraska–Lincoln (UNL) in August 2004 as a research professor. His laboratory performs research to identify allergenic proteins and evaluate the relative allergenicity of genetically modified (GM) crops and processed food fractions and on methods improvements for the safety assessment of GM crops. His research focuses on IgE cross-reactivity, measuring endogenous allergens in commodity crops, developing and assessing the safety of GM crops and evaluation of an animal model for allergic sensitization. Dr. Goodman directs the AllergenOnline.org database project at UNL (since 2004). From 1997 to 2004, he was an allergy program manager for the safety assessment of genetically modified crops at Monsanto Company. Prior to that, he was a research scientist in pulmonary immunology (T cells and antigen presenting cells in pulmonary fibrosis, defense against microbes, and rejection of transplanted organs) at the University of Michigan from 1993 to 1997. He participated in the Codex Task Force Working group that developed the 2003 guidelines and is senior author of a number of peer reviewed articles on the overall process of the GM allergenicity assessment. Dr. Goodman serves as an Associate Editor for Food and Chemical Toxicology, focusing on manuscripts relating to biotechnology. He is a Fellow in the American Academy of Allergy Asthma and Immunology and a member of the European Academy of Allergy and Clinical Immunology as well as the American Chemical Society and the Institute of Food Technologists. He obtained a Ph.D. in dairy science from The Ohio State University in 1990, focusing on molecular biology, and postdoctoral training in immunology and parasitology at Cornell University in Ithaca, NY.

Potential perturbances of gastrointestinal tract mucosa of GE foods

Alessio Fasano, Vice Chair of Basic, Clinical and Translational Research and Chief of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition, MassGeneral Hospital for Children. bio

Alessio Fasano, M.D., is a world-renowned pediatric gastroenterologist, research scientist, and entreprenuer. He is director of the Center for Celiac Research and Treatment at MassGeneral Hospital for Children (MGHfC). His visionary research has led to the awareness of celiac disease and other gluten-related disorders as a growing public health problem in the United States and worldwide. His prevalence study published in 2003 established the rate of celiac disease at 1 in 133 Americans. As visiting professor at Harvard Medical School and Chief of the Division of Pediatric Gastroenterology and Nutrition at MGHfC, Dr. Fasano treats both children and adults for gluten-related disorders, including celiac disease, non-celiac gluten sensitivity, and wheat allergy. A passionate advocate for collaboration in research and clinical work, Dr. Fasano recently authored Gluten Freedom to provide patients, healthcare providers, and general readers an evidence-based yet entertaining book to dispel some of the current confusion about gluten and how it can affect your health.

Metabolomic analysis to confirm effects of transgenesis in plants

Timothy Tschaplinski, Distinguished Research Scientist and Group Leader, Metabolomics and Bioconversion, Oak Ridge National Laboratory. bio

Timothy Tschaplinski is the Metabolomics and Bioconversion Group Leader in the Biosciences Division at Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) in Oak Ridge, TN. Dr. Tschaplinski graduated with his Ph.D. in forestry from the University of Toronto in 1987 and, after completing his postdoctoral studies at ORNL, he was hired as a Research Staff Member in 1990. He is a plant molecular physiologist experienced in biochemistry, specifically the application of mass spectrometry to research problems in genomics, bioenergy crop production, environmental stress physiology, and plant-microbe signaling. Current research includes metabolomics for phenotypic characterization of genetically-modified Populus, Arabidopsis, Eucalyptus, Castanea sp. (American and Chinese chestnut), switchgrass, and numerous bioenergy-relevant microbial species, and coupling metabolomics with genome-wide association studies to identify gene function. Research targets include the application of genomic tools for the accelerated domestication of Populus to reduce biomass recalcitrance to microbial deconstruction, increase drought tolerance and biomass productivity on marginal sites, and increase sustainability of biomass crops with symbiotic microbes. He has authored and co-authored over 100 publications and currently serves as the ‘Omics Activity Lead Scientist in the Bioenergy Science Center, a U.S. Department of Energy funded Bioenergy Research Center.

Committee Discussion with Presenters

Public Comment Session

Workshop: Pest Management Practices

Bug_BigWorkshop on Comparing the Environmental Effects of Pest Management Practices Across Cropping Systems

The workshop was held on Wednesday, March 4, from 8:15 am-5:15 pm Eastern at the National Academy of Sciences Keck Center.

The major goals of the workshop were to examine trade-offs in pest management approaches for weeds, insects, and diseases and compare environmental effects between different cropping systems, including GE and non-GE systems.

A panel of experts presented on a variety of topics, including: growth of organic, traditional, and genetically engineered (GE) crops; integrated pest management (IPM) practices; cover cropping; weed management and herbicide-resistant weeds; insect ecology in agro-ecosystems; and disease-resistant GE crops. The workshop is related to a separate, ongoing study being conducted by the National Research Council summarizing GE crops.

View agenda here.

Workshop Recap: This Storify collects the tweets and online discussion that took place at the workshop.

Click the links below to view videos of the presentations and discussions.
Welcome
Norman Scott, Chairman, National Research Council Board on Agriculture and Natural Resources, Workshop Moderator
Keynote: Examining the Environmental Effects of Practices for Controlling Agricultural Pests
May BerenbaumUniversity of Illinois Urbana-Champaign, Professor and Department Chair of Entomology. bio

May Berenbaum, Ph.D. has been on the faculty of the Department of Entomology at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign since 1980, serving as head since 1992 and as Swanlund Chair of Entomology since 1996. She is known for elucidating chemical mechanisms underlying interactions between insects and their hostplants, including detoxification of natural and synthetic chemicals, and for applying ecological principles in developing sustainable management practices for natural and agricultural communities. Her research, supported primarily by NSF and USDA, has produced over 230 refereed scientific publications and 35 book chapters. A member of the National Academy of Sciences, she has chaired two National Research Council committees, the Committee on the Future of Pesticides in U.S. Agriculture (2000) and the Committee on the Status of Pollinators in North America (2007). Devoted to teaching and fostering scientific literacy through formal and informal education, she has authored numerous magazine articles and six books about insects for the general public. She graduated summa cum laude, with a B.S. degree and honors in biology, from Yale University in 1975 and received a Ph.D. in ecology and evolutionary biology from Cornell University in 1980.

Topic: Broad discussion of environmental issues surrounding agricultural production systems. Topics include pesticide residues; biodiversity; emergence of weed resistance and consequences for the environment and production; soil health; soil and nutrient losses; water quality and quantity; energy use; air quality; tradeoffs in yield; scale effects.
 Discussion
 Panel I: Contemporary Practices for Suppressing Weeds
Jay Hill, New Mexico Farmer. bio

Jay Hill is a second generation farmer in southern New Mexico. Jay partners with his father, Jim Hill, on their 750-acre farm started by Jim in 1969. Upon graduation New Mexico State University with a Bachelor of Science degree, Jay returned to Hill Farms in 2008 and took over the reins of the operation. Hill Farms produces more than 18 million pounds of fresh onions annually. In addition to onions, Jay grows world famous New Mexico Green Chile peppers, lettuce, wheat, oats, alfalfa, pinto beans, corn and pecans. In 2012, Jay started a small beef cattle herd, which has grown to 60 head of mother cows.

Topic: Pest management in corn and vegetable production
Steven Mirsky, USDA-ARS, Research Ecologist. bio

Dr. Steven Mirsky conducts cover crop systems research for ecologically based crop and weed management to maintain crop profitability, while enhancing soil and water quality and reducing crop production energetic requirements. His work couples empirical agronomic research in the field, using both a long-term cropping system experiment and additional field trials, with simulation models to optimize agro-ecosystem economic profitability and environmental sustainability.

Topic: Ecologically-based weed management in long-term cropping studies
David Mortensen, Pennsylvania State University, Professor of Weed and Applied Plant Ecology. bio

Dr. Dave Mortensen’s research and teaching focuses on deepening our understanding of ecologically-informed weed management in agriculture and wildlands. Mortensen’s ecologically-based research has been highlighted in international journals (133), Congressional testimony, numerous Congressional briefings and his selection to head up several national competitive grants programs in Washington, D.C. His research and outreach team is actively engaged in field and simulation research assessing sustainable weed management and ecological restoration methods for managing invasive plants along natural gas pipelines and roadway rights of way. In addition, his group is researching methods aimed at quantifying pollinator-plant interactions in an attempt to identify management methods that both enhance and suppress provisioning plants and the bees that depend on them. At Penn State, Mortensen has chaired the Ecology Inter College Graduate Degree Program and teaches Principles of Weed Management, Plant Ecology and the Ecology of Agricultural Systems. Dr. Mortensen received a Master of Science degree from Duke University and a Ph.D. from North Carolina State University. He has served as a faculty member at the University of Nebraska and Penn State University.

Topic: Sustainable weed management in herbicide-resistant cropping systems
Jennifer Schmidt, Maryland Farmer and Registered Dietitian. bio

Jennifer lives on a family farm with her husband and two children. Schmidt Farms is a 3rd generation, large and diverse family farm, including grains, vegetables, hay and wine grapes on the Eastern Shore of Maryland. When she’s not found on a tractor, Jennie spends her time as an “Ag-vocate”, telling the story of agriculture and family farming to consumers, dietitians, and legislators. She is active on social media and with “CommonGround”, a volunteer farm women’s group dedicated to sharing authentic and transparent stories about food and farming. Jennie is Vice President, and the first (and only) female on the Maryland Grain Producers board of directors. She also represents the state of Maryland on the U.S. Wheat Foods Council. She is passionate about connecting people with food and with farming and highlighting the importance of family farming in our food supply. Jennie holds a Bachelor of Science degree in Human Nutrition and International Agriculture from the University of Massachusetts and completed her Master of Science degree at the University of Delaware in Human Nutrition with a focus on Food and Agricultural Biotechnology.

Topic: Integrating weed, pest, and disease management across crops within farming
Discussion of Environmental Effects, Trade-Offs, and Synergies
Panel II: Insect Management Across Production Systems
Galen Dively, University of Maryland, Professor Emeritus and IPM Consultant. bio

Dr. Galen P. Dively is an emeritus professor in the Department of Entomology at the University of Maryland. He received his bachelor’s degree in biology at Juniata College and doctorate in entomology from Rutgers University. He worked as an Extension Specialist in Agricultural IPM for 34 years. In this role, Dr. Dively developed monitoring and decision-making guidelines to reduce pesticide use in vegetable and field crops, and was involved in numerous IPM educational and demonstration projects. In the mid 90’s, he began field studies to address the ecological and resistance risks of transgenic insecticidal crops, and was the lead or co-investigator on five USDA Biotechnology Risk Assessment Program grants. He also was part of a research team that assessed the impact of transgenic corn on the monarch butterfly, which resulted in six scientific articles that significantly influenced EPA’s science-based decision process regarding re-registration of Bt corn. Since this retirement in 2006, he continues to conduct research on transgenic Bt crops, sublethal effects of pesticides on honey bee colony health, efficacy evaluation of insecticides, and studies addressing information gaps in the biology and management of the invasive brown marmorated stink bug.

Topic: Regional suppression of the European corn borer and its impacts on other host crops due to the Bt corn technology
Jonathan Lundgren, USDA-ARS, Research Entomologist. bio

Jonathan Lundgren is an insect ecologist and Research Entomologist at the USDA-ARS laboratory in Brookings, South Dakota. He received my PhD in Entomology from the University of Illinois in 2004. Lundgren’s professional achievements have resulted in him being awarded the Presidential Early Career Award for Science and Engineering (the highest honor given to young scientists by the Office of the President), the Rothbart Early Career Scientist for USDA-ARS, and the Early Career Innovation Award from the Entomological Society of America. For the past two years, he has acted as Panel Manager for NIFA’s Biotechnology Risk Assessment Grants Program and in 2014 Lundgren served on the EPA’s and EFSA’s scientific advisory panels to assess the safety of RNAi-based pesticides and GM plants. Earlier in his career, Dr. Lundgren served on national- and internationally sponsored working groups to A) assess the ecological risk of introducing Bt cotton into Brazil (GMO Guidelines Project), B) evaluate and implement meta-analysis of cross-study trends as a tool for assessing the non-target effects of Bt crops, and I have worked with industry, academia, and regulators on peer-reviewed papers that helped establish risk assessment protocols for Bt crops. He is actively involved in the Entomological Society of America, and his tenure as the President for the International Organization for Biological Control (Nearctic Regional Section) ended in January. Lundgren is an editor for Environmental Entomology, and formally for Arthropod-Plant Interactions, and has reviewed manuscripts for more than 50 scientific journals. Internationally, he was a visiting scientist at CABI in Delemont Switzerland, and with CIAT in Cali Colombia. Currently, Lundgren has written 97 peer-review journal articles, authored the book “Relationships of Natural Enemies and Non-prey Foods” (Springer Publishers), co-edited the Biological Control special issue “Trophic Ecology of the Coccinellidae”, and has received more than $3 million in extramural grant funds. One of his priorities is to make science applicable to end-users, and he regularly interacts with the public, beekeepers, and farmers regarding pest management and insect biology. His research program focuses on assessing the ecological risk of pest management strategies and developing sustainable, long-term solutions for managing pests in cropland, and Lundgren’s ecological research focuses heavily on conserving healthy biological communities within agroecosystems by reducing disturbance and increasing biodiversity within cropland.

Topic: Managing insect communities in the agro-ecosystem
John Tooker, Pennsylvania State University, Associate Professor of Entomology, Extension Specialist. bio

John Tooker is an Associate Professor of Insect Ecology and an Extension Specialist in the Department of Entomology at the Pennsylvania State University. His research group studies relationships among plants, insect herbivores, and natural enemies to understand factors that regulate populations of herbivorous insects. They are interested in both plant- and natural-enemy-mediated factors and how they influence insect behavior, community composition, and herbivore mortality. Their long-term goal is to exploit the ecology/biology of our study organisms to provide strategies and tactics for more sustainable insect pest management.

Topic: Complex ecological effects of pest management approaches
Frank Shotkoski, Cornell University, Director of the Agriculture Biotechnology Support Project II. bio

Frank Shotkoski, Ph.D. is the Director of the Agricultural Biotechnology Support Project II (ABSPII) at Cornell University where he directs a USAID funded project with a mandate to commercialize genetically engineered crops in developing countries in Africa and Asia. Before joining Cornell University in 2005, Frank worked as the Global Cotton Traits Technical Manager with Novartis and later Syngenta from 1998-2004 where he built a cotton biotechnology program that resulted in the development of trait-based product using the insecticidal protein Vip3A. Prior to joining Syngenta, Frank held the positions of Research Associate and Research Fellow at the University of Washington’s Department of Medical Genetics where he conducted research on human gene therapy applications with an emphasis on developing gene-based therapies for treatment of patients with hematopoietic diseases such a sickle cell anemia and β-thalasemia. Frank is a senior level biotechnology project management and business development professional specializing in product development and commercialization of genetically engineered trait-based crop products. His expertise stems from over 20 years of academic and industrial experience in both medical and agricultural biotechnology. Frank earned his Ph.D. in Entomology from the University of Minnesota in 1992 and Master of Science and Bachelor of Science from the University of Nebraska in 1988 and 1984, respectively. He has received additional training in numerous professional project management and business development programs. He is the author of many refereed publications; numerous patents, abstracts and several book chapters.

Topic: Examination of Bt eggplant release in Bangladesh
Discussion of Environmental Effects, Trade-Offs, and Synergies
 Panel III: Managing Pests in Tree Crops
 Harold BrowningChief Officer of the Citrus Research and Development Foundation, Inc. bio

Harold Browning, The Chief Operations Officer of the Citrus Research and Development Foundation, is responsible for the day-to-day management of the business affairs, administering the programs and policies approved by the Board of Directors pertaining to the planning and directing of the activities of the CRDF. CRDF emerged in 2009 to provide leadership and management to an aggressive research plan to address the detection of Huanglongbing (HLB) in Florida citrus. The CRDF manages a portfolio of multi-year research contracts with research scientists in 22 states and several international institutions. The CRDF has managed over $75 million in research, development and delivery projects since it was established in 2009. The budget for FY 2013-14 is $19.3 million. All contracting and contract management is overseen by the COO. In addition, the research and commercialization management conducted by the research manager is overseen by the COO. The COO is responsible for maintaining close communication with sponsors, citrus industry organizations, and state and federal coordinating groups related to citrus. As the COO of CRDF, Dr. Browning also serves in the following advisory roles: USDA, APHIS Citrus Health Response Program, National Citrus Council; Administrator for USDA, NIFA, SCRI CAP grant to develop and deliver a psyllid vector incapable of transmitting HLB. This is a 5 year, 9 million dollar grant managed by CRDF; and Florida Citrus liaison to state and federal efforts to seek funding for HLB research.

Topic: Pest management in citrus: Past, present and future
Marc Fuchs, Cornell University, Associate Professor. bio

Dr. Marc Fuchs joined the Department of Plant Pathology at Cornell University in 2004. His research and extension program focuses on virus diseases of fruit and vegetable crops. Marc received his Master’s and PhD degrees from the University Louis Pasteur in Strasbourg, France. He has worked on engineering resistance to viruses in vegetable and fruit crops over the past 20 years. He has also extensively addressed environmental safety issues related to the release of virus-resistant transgenic crops.

Topic: Virus-Resistance: Lessons and Prospects
Discussion of Environmental Effects, Trade-Offs, and Synergies
Conclusions
Topic: Discussion summarizing information gaps and research needs across different pest management practices and agricultural production systems

Second Public Meeting: December 10, 2014

Regulation

 

These are the archived videos of the presentations, discussions, and public comment periods from the public meeting of the committee on December 10, 2014.

View Agenda

Meeting Recap: This Storify collects the tweets and online discussion that took place at the meeting.

Click the links below to view videos of the presentations and discussions.


Welcome: Fred Gould, Committee Chair, University Distinguished Professor of Entomology and Codirector of the Genetic Engineering and Society Center, North Carolina State University

Study Process of the National Research Council: Kara Laney, Study Director, National Research Council

Committee Introductions


Session One:

Michael Schechtman, Biotechnology Coordinator, Office of Pest Management Policy, U.S. Department of Agriculture–Agricultural Research Service. bio

Dr. Michael Schechtman is the biotechnology coordinator for the U.S. Department of Agriculture’s Agricultural Research Service, Office of Pest Management Policy, working as a biotechnology advisor with the office of the Secretary of Agriculture. He is the executive secretary of USDA’s Advisory Committee on Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture, which has considered the long-term implications of biotechnology for agriculture and USDA and has offered recommendations to USDA on strengthening coexistence among different agricultural production systems in the United States. He was previously in the biotechnology unit at the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service at USDA, working on regulatory policy coordination and development regarding organisms produced through biotechnology, both domestically and internationally. He was a member of the U.S. delegation to the Biosafety Protocol negotiations under the Convention on Biological Diversity. Dr. Schechtman received a BA from Harvard University in biochemical sciences and a PhD in molecular miology from Cornell University, did postdoctoral work in the Department of Biological Sciences, Stanford University, and was formerly a member of the biology faculty at Syracuse University.

Statement from the Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation (delivered by Kara Laney)
Dan Voytas, Professor of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development and Director, University of Minnesota Center for Genome Engineering. bio

Dr. Dan Voytas is a professor in the Department of Genetics, Cell Biology and Development at the University of Minnesota (UMN) and the director of the UMN’s Center for Genome Engineering. He graduated from Harvard College in 1984 and received his PhD in genetics from Harvard Medical School in 1990. Dr. Voytas conducted postdoctoral research at Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine where he was a fellow of the Life Science Research Foundation. In 1992, Dr. Voytas joined the faculty at Iowa State University. He was promoted to Associate Professor in 1997 and to Professor in 2001. In 2008, he joined the faculty at the UMN. Dr. Voytas advises agricultural biotechnology companies on the use of new methods of genome engineering for crop improvement and serves as Chief Science Officer for Cellectis Plant Sciences. Dr. Voytas is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science.

Andreas Weber, Head of the Institute of Plant Biochemistry, University of Düsseldorf. bio

Dr. Andreas Weber is a professor at and the head of the Institute of Plant Biochemistry at the University of Düsseldorf. His research interests include the physiology, biochemistry, and molecular biology of solute transport in plant cells; compartmentalization of metabolic pathways and metabolic networks; photorespiration; C4 photosynthesis; extremophilic eukaryotes; ‘omics technologies and synthetic experimental evolution; and synthetic biology. Dr. Weber is co-editor of the journals Plant, Cell & Environment, Plant and Cell Physiology, Journal of Experimental Botany, Frontiers in Plant Science, and Plant Biology and chairperson of physiology and molecular biology for the German Botanical Society. From 1996 to 2002 he was a research associate with the Botanical Institute of Cologne. He was an associate professor of plant biology at Michigan State University from 2002 to 2007. Dr. Weber received his doctorate in plant biology from the University of Würzburg.

Committee Discussion with Presenters


Session Two:

John Turner, Director, Environmental Risk Analysis Programs, Biotechnology Regulatory Services, U.S. Department of Agriculture–Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service. bio

Dr. John Turner is the director of Environmental Risk Analysis Programs at Biotechnology Regulatory Services (BRS) within the Animal and Plant Health Inspection Service of the United States Department of Agriculture. He provides leadership to the scientists who perform the risk assessments and prepare the environmental analyses related to the issuance of permits, acknowledgment of notifications, and the de-regulation genetically engineered organisms. At BRS he has also served as the director of policy coordination and worked as a biotechnologist. Prior to coming to USDA, he worked at Crop Genetics International (CGI), a pioneering U.S. biotechnology company which in the 1980s began using the newly available tools of genetic engineering to develop microbial pesticides for agriculture. He held various positions in research and management at CGI and was a key member of a research team that conducted some of the earliest field tests of genetically engineered organisms in the United States. Dr. Turner received BS and MS degrees from the University of Georgia and a PhD in plant pathology from Auburn University.

William L. Jordan, Deputy Director for Programs, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency– Office of Pesticide Programs. bio

William L. Jordan currently serves as the Deputy Director for Programs in EPA’s Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP). He works on a wide variety of cross-cutting science and policy issues in areas such as food safety, protections for subjects in human research, pesticide labeling, endangered species protection, and nanotechnology. Mr. Jordan has worked in OPP since 1988, where he played a major role in the development of the legislation which became the Food Quality Protection Act of 1996. He was responsible for coordinating the development of documents describing major science policies EPA applies in implementing this law. In addition, he has been involved in many diverse policy and regulatory actions affecting pesticides, from the implementation of the worker protection standard to trade policy to data requirement regulations. He has served throughout OPP as Director of the Policy and Special Projects Staff, acting Director of the Field Operations Division, Associate Director of the Antimicrobials Division, and Senior Policy Adviser. Prior to OPP, Mr. Jordan worked in EPA’s Office of General Counsel on pesticide and water program activities. He was also a staff member of the President’s Council for a National Agenda for the Eighties. He has a law degree from Georgetown University and an undergraduate degree from Princeton University.

Chris A. Wozniak, Biotechnology Special Assistant, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency–Office of Pesticide Programs. bio

Dr. Chris Wozniak joined the U.S. EPA as Biotechnology Special Assistant in the Office of Pesticide Programs in 2008, focusing on issues of biotechnology policy, interagency coordination of biotech regulation, and environmental risk assessment of plant-incorporated protectants. Gene flow and introgression of transgenes into wild plant populations are key interests of Dr. Wozniak. Prior to working in this capacity, he served as the National Program Leader for Food Biotechnology and Microbiology at the USDA’s Cooperative States Research, Education and Extension Service and co-directed the Biotechnology Risk Assessment Grants program from 2004 to 2008. He has also worked for the EPA previously as a risk assessor of microbial and plant-based pesticides (1997–2004) and conducted research on biological control of the sugarbeet root maggot while working for the USDA– Agricultural Research Service (1988–1997). Dr. Wozniak’s training is primarily in plant pathology and plant biochemistry. He is an avid mushroom hunter and collector of wild fruits for jelly, jam, and syrup making.

Jason Dietz, Policy Analyst, Office of Food Additive Safety, Food and Drug Administration–Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. bio

Jason Dietz coordinates cross-cutting biotechnology-related activities in the Food and Drug Administration’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition. In this role he regularly provides technical and policy input regarding plant biotechnology issues. Mr. Dietz has also served FDA as a consumer safety officer working on projects related to the safety of foods derived from genetically engineered organisms.

Committee Discussion with Presenters


Session Three:

Sandy Endicott, Senior Agronomy Manager, DuPont Pioneer. bio

Sandy Endicott has been with Pioneer for 25 years, starting as a Field Sales Agronomist in northwest Ohio and northeast Indiana. She joined Pioneer’s research team in 2004, moving to Hawaii to manage the agronomy program at Pioneer’s research centers in Waimea on the island of Kauai and Kunia on the island of Oahu. Ms. Endicott then joined Pioneer’s International Agronomy Team in 2008 and has traveled to countries in Africa, Southeast Asia, and Latin America and to China learning about farming and corn production as part of her role. Ms. Endicott grew up on a grain and poultry farm in northwest Ohio where her family raised corn, parent soybean and wheat seed, sugarbeets, and alfalfa along with over 6,000 laying hens. She currently has a small farm in Ohio that produces corn, soybeans, and wheat and a small farm in Iowa that is in grass hay. Ms. Endicott received her BS and MS degrees from The Ohio State University in agronomy and weed science.

Ray Shillito, Research and Development Fellow, Bayer CropScience Impact on Production Agriculture. bio

Dr. Ray Shillito has been involved in agricultural biotechnology for more than 30 years. He began his career with a PhD in botany in England and studied agrobacterium-mediated gene transfer during his first post-doc position in the Netherlands. From there he joined the Friedrich Miescher Institute in Basel, Switzerland, where he did seminal work on gene transfer to plant cells until 1986. That year he moved to North Carolina where he has worked ever since. He is presently a Research and Development Fellow at Bayer CropScience. His experience encompasses many of the steps involved in biotechnology, from producing transgenic plants to regulatory studies and field trials and working on sampling and analytics in plants, seed, and grain. Ray has interacted with academic and
government scientists for many years. He is an active member of several scientific societies, leads U.S. representation in an ISO committee and chaired the International Life Sciences Institute’s International Biotechnology committee from 2005 to 2008. In this latter role, he was involved in many studies of safety assessment of GE crops and in workshops held at the request of local governments in more than a dozen countries. Dr. Shillito has recently focused on the sampling and analyzing for the presence of GE seed and grain, particularly in the context of global trade.

Robb Fraley, Monsanto New Technologies. bio

Dr. Robert Fraley is executive vice president and chief technology officer at Monsanto. He has been with the company for more than 30 years and currently oversees the company’s global technology division which includes plant breeding, plant biotechnology, ag biologicals, ag microbials, precision agriculture, and crop protection. Dr. Fraley is recognized as the father of agricultural biotechnology and has been involved in ag research since the early 1980s. He has authored more than 100 publications and patent applications. Dr. Fraley’s discoveries and applications of science are also routinely recognized for the tremendous impact they’ve had in supporting farmers and the agriculture demands of our planet. Dr. Fraley’s honors include: a World Food Prize Laureate (2013), the National Medal of Technology from President Clinton (1999), and the National Academy of Sciences Award for the Industrial Application of Science for his work on crop improvement (2008), among other recognitions. Dr. Fraley’s educational background includes a fellowship from the University of California, San Francisco, a PhD in microbiology/biochemistry from the University of Illinois, and a Bachelor of Science degree from the University of Illinois.

Steve Webb, External Technology and Intellectual Property Portfolio Development Leader, Dow AgroSciences. bio

Dr. Steve Webb began his career with Dow AgroSciences (DAS) in 1996 with Crop Protection Research and Development in Canada. He was a member of the team that created and launched the Nexera™ Omega-9 canola business. In 2000, Dr. Webb joined DAS in Indianapolis as a biochemist in Input Traits Discovery, then took a commercial assignment in 2001, where he was responsible for assessing the animal nutrition, animal health, and healthy oils concepts. In 2004, he returned to discovery research and has since held leadership positions in the Animal Health Platform, Cell Biology, and Advanced Technology Development. Throughout his career, Dr. Webb has been actively involved in identifying, establishing, and leading several external collaborations with universities, public research institutes, and commercial companies. Since 2009, he has led Advanced Technology Discovery, including the effort to develop and deploy the EXZACT™ Precision Platform Technologies in corn, soybean, canola, and wheat. As Research Committee Leader, he also represents DAS on several major external collaborations, including the Victorian Department of Environment, Primary Industries Australia, Fraunhofer IME Germany, and the National Research Council of Canada. Dr. Webb earned his bachelor of science degree in microbiology from the University of Guelph in 1990. In 1992, he earned a master’s in biochemistry, then a PhD in immunochemistry in 1998, also from the University of Guelph.

Committee Discussion with Presenters

Public Comment

First Public Meeting: September 15-16, 2014

These are the archived videos of the presentations, discussions, and public comment periods from the two-day public meeting of the committee on September 15-16, 2014.

View Agenda

View Speaker Bios


Click the links below to view videos of the presentations and discussions.

Day 1

Welcome: Fred Gould, Committee Chair, University Distinguished Professor of Entomology and Codirector of the Genetic Engineering and Society Center, North Carolina State University

Study Process of the National Research Council: Kara Laney, Study Director, National Research Council

Committee Introductions


Session One:

Major Goodman, Member of the National Academy of Sciences and William Neal Reynolds and Distinguished University Professor of Crop Science, Statistics, Genetics, and Botany. bio

Major Goodman is the William Neal Reynolds and Distinguished University Professor of Crop Sciences, Statistics, Genetics, and Botany at North Carolina State University. His research focuses on the evolution of cultivated plants, especially maize, and plant breeding. He was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1986. Dr. Goodman began breeding maize when he took over the corn breeding program in the Crop Science Department at NCSU. Since then, he has developed more than 90 public lines mixing tropical and temperate parents. Because these lines have been used by others to develop commercial hybrids, the genetic stock he created has shown up in hybrids used in Asia, Central and South America and the United States. Dr. Goodman received a BS in Mathematics from Iowa State University, and Master’s and PhD degrees from North Carolina State University in Genetics.

R. James Cook, Member of the National Academy of Sciences and Professor Emeritus, Washington State University. bio

R. James Cook is Professor Emeritus at Washington State University. During his 40 years at WSU, he served from 1965 to 1998 with the USDA-Agricultural Research Service (ARS) conducting research on biological and ecological approaches to manage root diseases of Pacific Northwest wheat. From 1998 to 2003 he was the R. J. Cook Endowed Chair in Wheat Research at WSU, a position endowed with a $1.5 million gift to the WSU Foundation from the Washington Wheat Commission. From 2003 until his retirement in 2005, he served as Interim Dean of the College of Agricultural, Human and Natural Resource Sciences. He served as Chief Scientist for the USDA National Research Initiative Competitive Grants Program from October 1993 to April 1996. In addition to some 200 peer-reviewed journal papers and book chapters, he has co-authored two books on biological control of plant pathogens and one on wheat health management. Dr. Cook was elected to the National Academy of Sciences in 1993 and was selected co-winner of the 2011 Wolf Prize for Agriculture awarded in Israel. He currently serves as one of seven citizen trustees on the Board Authority of the State’s Life Sciences Discovery Fund and is a founding member and past president of the Washington State Academy of Sciences. He holds BSc (1958) and MSc. (1961) degrees from North Dakota State University and a PhD (1964) from the University of California, Berkeley.

Ian Baldwin, Member of the National Academy of Sciences and Professor, Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology. bio

Ian T. Baldwin is Director of the Department of Molecular Biology and Professor at the Max Planck Institute for Chemical Ecology. In the Department, Dr. Baldwin is training the next generation of whole-organismic biologists (genome-enabled field biologists). In this research program, he and his students regularly use a nature preserve in the Great Basin Desert of the US to conduct experiments with genetically modified plants in the plant’s native environment to understand the genes that matter for survival under real world conditions. The research program has uncovered mechanisms by which plants resist and tolerate attack from herbivores and pathogens and optimize pollination services. Dr. Baldwin has published more than 370 peer-reviewed papers and one book on the
induced defenses of plants. He is distinguished by having integrated the advances in molecular biology into the study of ecological interactions to catalyze a change in how ecologists examine ecological interactions and falsify hypotheses and by having integrated the whole-organismic expertise of ecologists into the study of gene function. Dr. Baldwin received an AB from Dartmouth College in 1981, and PhD from Cornell University in 1989.

Committee Discussion with Presenters


Session Two:

Chuck Benbrook, Research Professor, Center for Sustainable Agriculture and Natural Resources, Washington State University. bio

Charles Benbrook is a Research Professor at the Center for Sustaining Agriculture and Natural Resources, Washington State University. He is the program leader of “Measure to Manage: Farm and Food Diagnostics for Sustainability and Health.” He spent the first 18 years of his career working in Washington, D.C., first working for the Executive Office of the President (1979-1980), then as the Executive Director for a U.S. House of Representatives agricultural subcommittee (1981-1983). He was the Executive Director of the National Academy of Sciences Board on Agriculture from 1984-1990, and has run a small consulting firm since 1991. He moved to the west in 1997, and served as the Chief Scientist for The Organic Center from 2004 through June of 2012. He has participated as an expert witness in several lawsuits involving pesticides and agricultural biotechnology. He has written more than two-dozen peer reviewed articles in a wide range of technical journals and served on many committees and boards. Dr. Benbrook has a PhD in agricultural economics from the University of Wisconsin-Madison and an undergraduate degree from Harvard University.

Glenn Stone, Professor of Anthropology and Environmental Studies, Washington University in St. Louis. bio

Glenn Stone is Professor of Anthropology and Environmental Studies at Washington University in St. Louis. Dr. Stone is an ecological anthropologist who studies the ecological, political, and cultural aspects of agriculture. His major research projects have focused on population, conflict, and the organization of production in Nigeria, and on agricultural biotechnology in India. His writing has also explored global biotechnology debates, ethics in agriculture, indigenous knowledge and agricultural
deskilling, prehistoric and modern settlement patterns, internet technology and agriculture, intellectual property, genetically modified foods, new forms of internet-based scholarship, and science studies. His current field research projects are a Templeton-funded study of indigenous knowledge, management skill, and technological change (including genetically modified seed) in India and the Philippines, and a study of sustainable small farms in several sites in North America. Dr. Stone received his BA from Northwestern University, and MA and PhD from the University of Arizona.

Hope Shand, Independent Consultant and Senior Advisor, Erosion, Technology and Concentration (ETC) Group. bio

Hope Shand is an Independent Consultant and Senior Advisor to ETC Group, an international civil society organization based in Canada. Working with both the ETC Group and Rural Advancement Foundation International (RAFI) over the past 30 years, Hope has conducted extensive research and writing on the topics of agricultural biodiversity and intellectual property, as well as the social and economic impacts of new technologies on farming communities and marginalized peoples. She has also served as a consultant to the FAO. Ms. Shand currently serves on the Board of Directors of the Seed Savers Exchange (Decorah, Iowa), a non-profit organization dedicated to promoting and conserving food crop diversity.

Committee Discussion with Presenters

Public Comment


Day 2

Welcome: Fred Gould, Committee Chair, University Distinguished Professor of Entomology and Codirector of the Genetic Engineering and Society Center, North Carolina State University

Study Process of the National Research Council: Kara Laney, Study Director, National Research Council

Committee Introductions


Session Three:

Dietram Scheufele, Co-chair, National Research Council Roundtable on Public Interfaces of the Life Sciences and John E. Ross Professor in Science Communication, University of Wisconsin, Madison. bio

Dietram A. Scheufele is the John E. Ross Professor in Science Communication at the University of Wisconsin, Madison, and Honorary Professor of Communication at the Dresden University of Technology (Germany). He serves as Co-PI of the Center for Nanotechnology in Society at Arizona State University, and currently also co-chairs the National Academies’ Roundtable on Public Interfaces of the Life Sciences. Dr. Scheufele is an elected fellow of the American Association for the Advancement of Science and the Wisconsin Academy of Sciences, Arts & Letters. He has been a tenured faculty member at Cornell University, a Shorenstein fellow at Harvard University, and a DAAD Visiting Professor at the Technische Universität Dresden. His consulting experience includes work for PBS, the World Health Organization, the World Bank, and other corporate and public sector clients in the U.S., Asia, Europe, and the Middle East. Dr. Scheufele received his PhD in mass communications from the University of Wisconsin-Madison.

Jennifer Kuzma, Goodnight-Glaxo Wellcome Distinguished Professor and Codirector of the Genetic Engineering and Society Center, North Carolina State University. bio

Jennifer Kuzma joined North Carolina State University in August 2013 as the Chancellor’s Faculty Excellence Program senior hire in the interdisciplinary Genetic Engineering and Society cluster. She is the Goodnight-NCGSK Foundation Distinguished Professor in the School of Public and International Affairs and co-director of the Genetic Engineering and Society center at NCSU. Before this appointment, Kuzma was a professor in the Humphrey School of Public Affairs at the University of Minnesota for 10 years in the Science, Technology and Environmental Policy program. Her research focuses on studying governance systems for emerging technologies and understanding the dynamics of these systems. She explores the values, organizations, and outcomes associated with existing oversight systems in order to inform future policy-making. She has published over 90 academic articles, book chapters and policy reports in areas associated with emerging technologies and governance. She has held and currently holds several board, leadership, and advisory positions, including Chair of the Gordon Conference on Science and Technology Policy, Chair of the Society for Risk Analysis section on Risk Policy and Law, the European Commission Expert Group for 2011 Science in Society Work Programme, the Expert Group for the EU’s ‘SYNTH-ETHICS’ project, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) Blood Products Advisory Committee, and the UN WHO-FAO Joint Expert Group for the Applications of Nanotechnologies to the Food and Agriculture Sectors. Prior to entering academe, she served as program and study director for several U.S. National Academy of Sciences reports related to biotechnology and bioterrorism policy and as an American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS) Risk Policy Fellow at the U.S. Department of Agriculture.

Carmen Bain, Associate Professor of Sociology, Iowa State University. bio

Carmen Bain is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology at Iowa State University. Her research interests include the political economy of food and agriculture; the socio-political dimensions of biotechnology as it relates to food and agriculture; and gender, social change and development. Dr. Bain is co-PI on an interdisciplinary AFRI-NFI grant “Transgenic approaches in managing sudden death syndrome in soybean” (2012-2017), where her research focuses on understanding and analyzing societal acceptance and governance issues related to genetically engineered foods, especially as it relates to labeling. She received BA and MA degrees from the University of Canterbury, New Zealand, and a PhD from Michigan State University.


Session Four:

Gilles-Éric Séralini, Professor of Molecular Biology, University of Caen, France, and Director of the Network on Risks, Quality, and Sustainable Environment. bio

Gilles-Éric Sérálini has been a Professor of molecular biology at the Université de Caen Basse Normandie since 1991. He is also the Chairman of the Scientific Council CRIIGEN. Dr. Seralini has researched effects of environment on health, particularly in the area of agricultural genetically-modified crops and the accompanying pesticides. He has also studied effects on sexual steroids, reproduction, tumors and cancer, and gene expression. Dr. Sérálini was a member of two French government commissions on GMO evaluation from 1998-2007, Commission du Genie Biomoleculaire (CGB) and the Comité de Biovigilance. He has also served as an expert for the European Union on environmental ethics, chemical and biotechnological risks, and for the conflict on GMO moratorium between the U.S. and EU at the WTO level.

*Due to technical difficulties, Dr. Séralini was unable to give his full presentation. For a copy of the full presentation, please email the Public Access Records Office.

Jeffrey Smith, Founding Executive Director, Institute for Responsible Technology. bio

Jeffrey M. Smith is the Founding Executive Director at the Institute for Responsible Technology. He has been involved with genetically modified (GM) foods for nearly a decade. He worked for non-profit and political groups on the issue and in 1998, ran for U.S. Congress to raise public awareness of the health and environmental impacts. To protect children-who are most at risk from the potential health effects of GM foods-Smith proposed legislation to remove the foods from school meals. He also proposed legislation to help protect farmers from cross-pollination by GM crops. Later, he was vice president of marketing for a GMO detection laboratory. Prior to working in this field, he was a writer, educator, and public speaker for non-profit groups, advancing the causes of health, environment, and personal development. Mr. Smith received a Master’s degree in business administration.

*Presentation experienced technical difficulties

Janet Cotter, Senior Scientist, Greenpeace International. bio

Janet Cotter is a Senior Scientist at the Greenpeace International Science Unit, based at the University of Exeter, UK, where she has served as an expert on agriculture (including GMOs) and forests campaigns for over 12 years. The Greenpeace Science Unit supplies scientific support and leadership to Greenpeace’s offices worldwide. Prior to joining Greenpeace, she was a Lecturer in Plant and Soil Science at the University of Aberdeen, Scotland. This appointment followed the award of a postdoctoral research fellowship, held at Manchester University. Dr. Cotter received a PhD from Imperial College, University of London.

Committee Discussion with Presenters


Session Five:

Greg Jaffe, Director of the Project on Biotechnology, Center for Science in the Public Interest. bio

Gregory Jaffe is the Director of the Project on Biotechnology for CSPI. Mr. Jaffe came to CSPI after serving as a Trial Attorney for the U.S. Department of Justice’s Environmental and Natural Resources Division and as Senior Counsel with the U.S. EPA, Air Enforcement Division. He has expertise on agricultural biotechnology and biosafety, and has published numerous articles and reports on those topics. Mr. Jaffe has worked on biosafety regulatory issues in the U.S. and throughout the world, including the African countries of Kenya, Uganda, Tanzania, Mali, Ghana, Malawi, South Africa, Burkina Faso, and Nigeria. He was a member of the Secretary of Agriculture’s Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology and 21st Century Agriculture from 2003-2008 and was reappointed to a new term in 2011. He was also a member of FDA’s Veterinary Medicine Advisory Committee from 2004-2008. In addition, he has provided his biosafety expertise for projects involving the International Food Policy Research Institute, the World Bank, and the UNEP-GEF Biosafety Project. Jaffe earned his BA with High Honors from Wesleyan University in Biology and Government and then received a law degree from Harvard Law School.

Jon Entine, Executive Director, Genetic Literacy Project, and Senior Fellow, World Food Center Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy, University of California-Davis. bio

Jon Entine is the Executive Director of the Genetic Literacy Project, and is a Senior Fellow at the World Food Center Institute for Food and Agricultural Literacy at the University of California-Davis. Mr. Entine has been a Senior Fellow at the Center for Health and Risk Communication at George Mason University and, since 2003, a visiting fellow at the American Enterprise Institute, focusing on science and public policy. He has written or edited seven books, is a columnist at Ethical Corporation magazine, and is the founder of the sustainability consultancy, ESG MediaMetrics. Before launching his writing and consulting career, he was an Emmy-award winning producer and executive for 20 years at NBC News and ABC News, winning two Emmys and 17 other major awards. Mr. Entine received his BA in philosophy from Trinity College (CT) and studied at the University of Michigan under a National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship.

Doug Gurian-Sherman, Director of Sustainable Agriculture and Senior Scientist, Center for Food Safety. bio

Doug Gurian-Sherman is the Director of Sustainable Agriculture and Senior Scientist at the Center for Food Safety. He previously served as Senior Scientist at the Center for Food Safety from 2004-2006. Dr. Gurian-Sherman works to expand scientific programs and assess research in important areas of sustainable and industrial agricultural including: Animal factories (Concentrated Animal Feeding Operations), soil, agroecology, public breeding, equitable food systems, and genetic engineering. In previous positions, Dr. Gurian-Sherman has been known for his work examining the impacts of genetic engineering, CAFOs, and agroecology. He is the author of the Union of Concerned Scientists report Failure to Yield: Evaluating the Performance of Genetically Engineered Crops. Dr. Gurian-Sherman was the founding co-director and science director for the biotechnology project at the Center for Science and the Public Interest. He has served as senior scientist in the Food & Environment Program at the Union of Concerned Scientists. Previously, Dr. Gurian-Sherman worked at the EPA where he examined the human health impacts and environmental risk of genetically engineered plants. He also worked in the Biotechnology Group at the U.S. Patent and Trademark Office, and he served on the Food and Drug Administration’s inaugural advisory food biotechnology subcommittee. Dr. Gurian-Sherman earned his PhD in plant pathology from the University of California-Berkeley. He conducted post-doctoral research on rice and wheat molecular biology at the U.S. Department of Agriculture laboratory in Albany, California.

Bill Freese, Science Policy Analyst, Center for Food Safety
Tamar Haspel, Journalist, The Washington Post. bio

Tamar Haspel is a journalist with The Washington Post, and currently writes for the food and science sections. She has been writing about food, health, and science for the best part of two decades for a host of magazines and newspapers. Her monthly column, Unearthed, deals with food supply issues; biotech, pesticides, food additives, antibiotics, honeybees, and organics. When she’s not writing about those issues, Ms. Haspel helps her husband on their oyster farm, Barnstable Oyster.


Session Six:

Tim Schwab, Senior Researcher, Food & Water Watch. bio

Tim Schwab is a Senior Researcher at Food & Water Watch, a non-profit advocacy group based in Washington D.C. With a background in journalism, Mr. Schwab’s research and writing continues the watchdog role he learned and practiced as a reporter. In recent years, his work has focused on GMOs and investigating conflicts of interest in agricultural research, including a widely cited report from 2012, Public Research, Private Gain. Mr. Schwab’s research and writing has been published or profiled in the Boston Globe, Le Monde, Food and Drug Law Journal, and Mother Jones. He has a Master’s degree in journalism from the University of Illinois at Champaign-Urbana.

Michael Hansen, Senior Staff Scientist, Consumers Union. bio

Michael K. Hansen is a Senior Staff Scientist with Consumers Union, publisher of Consumer Reports. He currently works primarily on food safety issues, and has been largely responsible for developing CU positions on safety, testing and labeling of genetically engineered food, and “mad cow” disease. Since 2003, he has worked on a multi-state effort to ban the use of food crops to produce pharmaceutical drugs and industrial chemicals. Dr. Hansen served on the USDA Advisory Committee on Agricultural Biotechnology from 1998-2002, and on the California Department of Food and Agriculture Food Biotechnology Advisory Committee, from 2001-2002. He was appointed to a FAO/WHO Joint Consultation on Genetically Engineered Animals in 2003. In June 2005, he joined the Board of ETC Group, previously known as RAFI. Dr. Hansen has written reports on alternatives to agricultural pesticides in developing countries, and the pesticide and agriculture policies of the World Bank and the UN Food and Agriculture Organization. Dr. Hansen received his undergraduate degree with Highest Distinction from Northwestern University and his PhD in Ecology and Evolutionary Biology from the University of Michigan.

Lisa Griffith, Outreach Director, National Family Farm Coalition

Committee Discussion with Presenters

Public Comment

Download the Report Here

cover_gecropsreport

Follow Us