Elizabeth P. Ransom is an associate professor of sociology in the Department of Sociology and Anthropology at the University of Richmond. Her research focuses on international development and globalization, the sociology of agriculture and food, and social studies of science and technology. Specifically, she concentrates on the intersection of science and technology policy within agriculture and food systems, with particular emphasis on analyzing the ways in which policy changes impact producers and production practices in both the United States and sub-Saharan Africa. Her previous research has focused on agricultural biotechnologies and cross-national pesticide regulations. Currently, she has two ongoing research programs. The first program studies the linkages between Southern Africa (South Africa, Botswana, and Namibia) red meat industries and global agriculture and food systems governance. The second analyzes international agricultural development assistance in developing countries, with an emphasis on the ways in which agricultural assistance targets women and focuses on gender empowerment. She has published articles focusing on agricultural biotechnologies, the patterns and problems surrounding modern food consumption practices, the global red meat trade, and gender and agricultural development assistance. Dr. Ransom was a 2005-2006 American Association for the Advancement of Science policy fellow where she focused on Codex Alimentarius agrifood standards as an international trade specialist at the U.S. Department of Agriculture. In addition to her position at the University of Richmond, she is currently a research associate with the Institute of Theory and Practice of International Relations at the College of William and Mary. Dr. Ransom received her BA in sociology and political science from Western Carolina University and her MA and PhD in sociology from Michigan State University.
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Kevin Pixley is the director of the Genetic Resources Program of the International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center (CIMMYT), a position he has held since 2011. Dr. Pixley joined CIMMYT as a postdoctoral fellow in 1990 and served as a maize breeder (1993) and then also as team leader (1997) at the center’s Harare, Zimbabwe, research station. After 11 years in Africa, he returned to CIMMYT headquarters in Mexico to serve in directing positions in the Global Maize Program with primary responsibilities in Asia and Latin America while leading CIMMYT’s breeding program and a multidisciplinary global network of scientists developing nutritionally enhanced maize. His current responsibilities include oversight of research to characterize and facilitate use of genetic resources, as well as biosafety related to transgenic maize and wheat research at CIMMYT. Dr. Pixley is also an adjunct associate professor at the University of Wisconsin, where he teaches about agriculture, health, and nutrition and their roles in household livelihoods and international development. His accomplishments include mentoring 12 undergraduate and 12 graduate students and their thesis projects, being the author of more than 50 refereed journal articles and book chapters, and leading international collaborative maize-breeding projects for enhanced disease resistance and nutritional quality. Dr. Pixley received his BS from Purdue University, his MS in crop physiology from the University of Florida, and his PhD in plant breeding from Iowa State University.
Carol Mallory-Smith is a professor of weed science in the Department of Crop and Soil Science of Oregon State University. She earned her BS in plant protection and her PhD in plant science from the University of Idaho. Her main research interests are gene flow and hybridization between crops and weeds (including genetically engineered and conventionally bred), herbicide resistance, weed management in agronomic crops, and weed biology. She is the author or coauthor of more than 120 journal articles, eight book chapters, and numerous extension and popular-press articles. Dr. Mallory-Smith visited Australia and Korea as an invited expert on gene flow and other weed issues. She has been an invited speaker in Australia, France, Korea, and Thailand to address the potential risks and benefits of introducing genetically engineered crops. Dr. Mallory-Smith served as a Fulbright Scholar lecturer in Argentina. She is a fellow of the Western Society of Weed Science and the Weed Science Society of America and served as president and treasurer of the Weed Science Society of America and secretary–treasurer of the International Weed Science Society. Dr. Mallory-Smith awards include the Alumni Achievement Award from the University of Idaho’s College of Agriculture in 2007, the Excellence in Graduate Mentoring Award from Oregon State University in 2009, the Western Society of Weed Science Outstanding Weed Scientist in 2009, the Distinguished Service Award for Individual Contribution to the Agricultural Industry by the Oregon Department of Agriculture in 2014, and the Weed Science Society of America Outstanding Researcher Award in 2016.
Daniel Magraw is Professorial Lecturer and Senior Fellow of the Foreign Policy Institute of Johns Hopkins University’s School of Advanced International Studies (SAIS). He has extensive experience in international law, institutions, processes and policies, particularly in relation to environmental protection, dispute settlement, and human rights. He has worked in government, nongovernmental organizations, intergovernmental organizations, business, and academe. Mr. Magraw was a member of the National Research Council Committee on the Biological Confinement of Genetically Engineered Organisms and a member of the U.S. government’s Trade and Environment Policy Advisory Committee. While in the U.S. government during 1992–2001, he cochaired a White House assessment of the regulation of genetically engineered organisms and was director of the International Environmental Law Office and acting principal deputy assistant administrator in the Office of International Activities of the Environmental Protection Agency. He has taught at the University of California, Berkeley, the University of Colorado, the University of Miami, and the Georgetown University Law Center. He worked as an economist and business consultant in India as a Peace Corps volunteer. Mr. Magraw has a JD from the University of California, Berkeley, where he was editor-in-chief of the California Law Review, and a BA (magna cum laude) in economics from Harvard University.
Peter M. Kareiva is the Director of The Institute of the Environment and Sustainability at UCLA and the Chair of the Science Cabinet at The Nature Conservancy. Dr. Kareiva is also cofounder (with Gretchen Daily and Taylor Ricketts) of the Natural Capital Project, a pioneering partnership among The Nature Conservancy, Stanford University, and WWF. The Natural Capital Project develops models that quantify nature’s assets (or ecosystem services) with the aim of informing the choices that people make on the scale of local communities and regions, all the way up to nations and global agreements. He is the author of more than 150 scientific publications in such journals as Nature, Science, and the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. He has published on gene-flow issues and environmental risk analysis related to genetically engineered crops. He was named a member of the National Academy of Sciences in 2011. He is also a fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences and a member of the Ecological Society of America and the Society for Conservation Biology. Dr. Kareiva received his BA in zoology from Duke University, his MS in environmental biology from the University of California, Irvine, and his PhD in ecology and evolutionary biology from Cornell University.
Bruce R. Hamaker is Distinguished Professor of Food Science, director of the Whistler Center of Carbohydrate Research, and holder of the Roy L. Whistler Chair in Carbohydrate Science in the Department of Food Science of Purdue University, West Lafayette, Indiana. He obtained his undergraduate degree in biological sciences from Indiana University; his graduate studies, at Purdue, were in human nutrition (MS) and food chemistry (PhD); and he did postdoctoral study at the Instituto de Investigacion Nutricional in Lima, Peru (supervisor, George Graham, Johns Hopkins University). He was in the U.S. Peace Corps in Liberia, West Africa, from 1977 to 1979. Dr. Hamaker has over 170 refereed journal publications in food science, human nutrition, biochemistry, and broad-spectrum journals and numerous book chapters. He has advised over 50 MS and PhD students and nearly 20 postdoctoral scientists. Dr. Hamaker’s research program is known for its focus on food carbohydrates and proteins with applications related to health and wellness. In that regard, he has a number of clinical and nutrition science collaborations with research experience in protein and carbohydrate digestion patterns related to quality and physiological response, and dietary fiber effect on the gut microbiome. Dr. Hamaker works with ingredient and processed-food companies principally to assist in improving nutritional or health quality of processed products. He is active in international research collaborations in Africa and Asia. In Africa, he has worked for over 20 years on public and foundation-funded projects on improvement of utilization and nutritional properties of cereal grains and on setting up technology-based incubation centers to work with local entrepreneurs.
Timothy S. Griffin is an associate professor in the Friedman School of Nutrition Science and Policy of Tufts University. He directs the interdisciplinary graduate program Agriculture, Food and the Environment and teaches classes on U.S. agriculture, agricultural science and policy, and the intersection of ecology and technology. He also serves on the steering committee for the university-wide graduate program Water: Systems, Science and Society and is a faculty codirector of the Tufts Institute for the Environment, and is a faculty affiliate at the Center for International Environment and Resource Policy at Tufts. His current research focuses on barriers to and incentives for regional food systems, environmental effects of agriculture, climate change, and conservation practices in agricultural systems. Before coming to the Friedman School in 2008, Dr. Griffin was research agronomist and lead scientist with the U.S. Department of Agriculture Agricultural Research Service in Orono, Maine, from 2000 to 2008. He conducted research on many aspects of agricultural production in the northeastern United States, including nutrient cycling and grain production on organic dairy farms, crop management, and long-term sustainability of high-value production systems. He also initiated research on greenhouse-gas emissions, soil carbon and nitrogen cycling, and soil conservation in these systems. From 1992 to 2000, Dr. Griffin was an extension sustainable agriculture specialist with the University of Maine, the first such position in the United States. He developed and delivered a wide-ranging educational and applied-research program on crop production, nutrient availability, and crop–livestock integration. He received his BS in forage and range management and his MS in agronomy from the University of Nebraska and his PhD in crop and soil science from Michigan State University.
Leland L. Glenna is an associate professor of rural sociology and science, technology, and society in the Agricultural Economics, Sociology, and Education Department at The Pennsylvania State University. His research and teaching fit into three areas of emphasis: 1) the social and environmental impacts of agricultural science and technology, 2) the role of science and technology in agricultural and environmental policy making, and 3) the social and ethical implications of democratizing science and technology research. His domestic research focuses on how research funding for and research outputs from university-industry research collaborations in agricultural and food science change over time, especially in the area of genetic engineering technology. His current international research projects focus on agricultural and community development and on international comparative analyses of agricultural research funding and innovations. Prior to his time at Penn State, he served as a postdoctoral associate and lecturer at Cornell University, a research sociologist at the University of California at Davis, and an assistant professor at Washington State University. Dr. Glenna received his bachelor’s degree in history from Hamline University, his masters of divinity from Harvard University School of Divinity, and his doctorate of philosophy in rural sociology from the University of Missouri.
Ken Giller is a professor of plant production systems in the Wageningen Centre for Agroecology and Systems Analysis (WaCASA) of Wageningen University. He leads a group of scientists who have profound experience in applying systems analysis to explore future scenarios for land use with a focus on food production. Dr. Giller’s research has focused on smallholder farming systems in sub-Sahara Africa, particularly problems of soil fertility and the role of nitrogen fixation in tropical legumes, with emphasis on the temporal and spatial dynamics of resources in crop–livestock farming systems and their interactions. He is the author of the standard text, Nitrogen Fixation in Tropical Cropping Systems, whose second edition was published in 2001. He leads a number of initiatives, such as N2Africa (Putting Nitrogen Fixation to Work for Smallholder Farmers in Africa), NUANCES (Nutrient Use in Animal and Cropping Systems: Efficiencies and Scales), and Competing Claims on Natural Resources. Dr. Giller joined Wageningen University as chair of plant production systems in 2001 after holding professorships at Wye College, University of London, and the University of Zimbabwe. He holds a PhD in ecology from Sheffield University.
Michael A. Gallo is Emeritus Professor (Environmental and Occupational Medicine) at Rutgers-Robert Wood Johnson Medical School. He is also an adjunct professor in the School of Public Health and the Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology of the Ernest Mario School of Pharmacy of Rutgers. He was the founding (interim) director of the Cancer Institute of New Jersey , and a founder of the Environmental and Occupational Health Sciences Institute at Rutgers. In addition he served as the Senior Associate Dean for Research of the the medical school. His expertise includes dioxins and polychlorinated biphenyls (PCBs), experimental models in pharmacology and toxicology, cytoplasmic and cell-surface receptors, hormone biology, and mechanisms of hormonal and environmental carcinogenesis. Dr. Gallo has served on several National Academy of Sciences and National Research Council committees, such as the Roundtable on Environmental Health Sciences, Research, and Medicine; the Committee on Pesticides in the Diets of Infants and Children; the Committee on Risk Assessment Methodology; and on the Drinking Water and Health Committee. He was granted the Society of Toxicology Education Award, chaired the Hormonal Carcinogenesis as well as the Mechanisms of Toxicity Gordon Research Conference, and served as ambassador of toxicology of the Mid-Atlantic Society of Toxicology. Dr. Gallo received his BA in biology and chemistry from Russell Sage College and received his PhD in toxicology and experimental pathology and did postdoctoral work in pathology from Albany Medical College of Union University.